【国家元首】英国女王，总督是女王的代表。现任总督亚科巴·伊塔莱利·塔埃阿（Iakopa Italeli Taeia）。
[Country name] Tuvalu.
[Area] The land area is 26 square kilometers, and the marine exclusive economic zone covers an area of about 750,000 square kilometers.
[Population] 11,000 (2017). 97% are Tuvaluans and belong to the Polynesian race. The rest are Kiribati, European, and so on. English is the official language and Tuvalu is the universal language. Residents believe in Christianity.
[Head of State] Queen of England, Governor is the representative of the Queen. The current Governor, Iakopa Italeli Taeia.
[Important Festival] Tuvalu Day: October 1.
[Profile] Located in the southern part of the Central Pacific Ocean, on the west side of the international date line. It consists of nine small coral islands, eight of which are inhabited, and Funafuti is the main island. The coastline is 15 miles long. No rivers. It has a tropical maritime climate. The annual average temperature is 29 °C, and the average annual precipitation is 3000 mm. The highest point on the land does not exceed 5 meters above sea level and is in danger of being flooded due to rising sea levels.
Tuvalu people live on the island. In 1892, Britain announced that Tuvalu and nearby Kiribati were British “protected places.” In 1916 it was classified as “the British Gilbert and Ellis Islands colony.” In October 1975, it was legally separated from Kiribati and changed to the old name Tuvalu (meaning “the group of eight islands”). Self-government was implemented in June 1978 and independence on October 1.
[Constitution] Effective on October 1, 1978, when it was independent. According to the Constitution, the picture shows the members of the Commonwealth. The Queen of England appointed the Governor according to the recommendation of the Prime Minister. The general reason for the election of the members. The cabinet is responsible to the parliament and consists of the prime minister and several ministers. The Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government. In June 1986, the Constitution was amended and the Governor lost the veto on the recommendations made by the Government.
[Parliament] The one-chamber system consists of 15 members. Each island produces one or two members based on the number of registered voters for a term of four years. The current parliament was produced in March 2015 and is currently chaired by Otinielu Tausi.
[Government] In August 2013, the parliament passed the no-confidence case against the Travi government, and Enele Sopoaga was elected prime minister. In March 2015, Sopoaga was successfully re-elected after the election.
Born on February 10, 1956, Sopoaga was trained as a diplomat at Oxford University and a master’s degree from the University of Sussex, England. He has served in the government department for a long time and has a rich experience in politics. His brother was the prime minister from 2002 to 2004. Suo Zeng served in Tuvalu in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa High School. He is a regular secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2010, he was elected as a member of the parliament in 2013 after former Prime Minister Travial stepped down.
[Judiciary] There are Supreme Court, District Court and Island Court (eight in total). The Supreme Court is chaired by a justice who accepts appeals from lower courts. If further appeals are to be made, they will be represented by the Fiji Court of Appeal or submitted to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.
[Economy] Tuvalu’s resources are scarce, the land is poor, agriculture is backward, and there is almost no industry. Listed by the United Nations as one of the least developed countries. The family is the most basic unit of production and life. Collective labor, mainly engaged in fishing and planting coconuts, bananas, taro, and the items obtained are equally divided within the family. Trading is mainly barter. Foreign exchange income mainly depends on foreign aid, fishing licenses, stamps, copra and other exports, “.tv” network domain name sales, foreign fishing fees in the map sea area and remittances of seafarers and remittances of expatriates working in the Nauru phosphate mine.
The main economic data for 2017 are as follows (Source: World Bank):
Gross domestic product: approximately $39.73 million.
Per capita GDP: about $3,550.
GDP growth rate: about 8.6%.
Currency name: Tuvalu, GM.
【新闻出版】图瓦卢电台为官方电台，用图瓦卢语和英语播音。政府出版的唯一一份报纸《图瓦卢回声》（Tuvalu Echoes），可通过富纳富提图瓦卢传媒公司（Tuvalu Media Corporation）订阅。广播电台：2006年，图瓦卢天空—太平洋电视台（Sky Pacific television）开播。
[Agriculture and Fisheries] Agriculture mainly relies on planting coconuts, bananas, taro and raising poultry and pigs. Fisheries are rich in resources but have no development capacity. The map has a fishery agreement with Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
[Transportation] is mainly based on water transportation. The capital Fu Nafu has a deep water port. Tuvalu has irregular liners to countries such as Fiji. Fiji Airlines operates flights from Nadi via Suva to Funafuti.
[Financial Finance] Income mainly comes from the Tuvalu Trust Fund, remittances, sale of fishing licenses and Internet telecommunications agreements. Since 1990, the Tuvalu Trust Fund has contributed approximately 15% of the annual government budget. As of September 2012, the fund’s market value was approximately 127.30 million New Zealand dollars. The main trading partners are New Zealand and Australia.
[Education] Popularize primary education and implement free education. There are 11 primary schools, more than 70 teachers, and about 1,500 students in the country; there is a middle school, 31 teachers, and about 350 students. There is also another seafarer training school with about 50 students.
[Press Release] Radio Tuvalu is the official radio station, broadcast in Tuvalu and English. The only newspaper published by the government, Tuvalu Echoes, is available for subscription through Tuvalu Media Corporation. Radio station: In 2006, Tuvalu Sky-Sky Pacific television was launched.
[Defense] Tuvalu has no regular army. A maritime patrol police officer is responsible for maritime search and rescue and surveillance.
[Diplomatic] Diplomacy focuses on the Pacific region. It has close ties with the United Kingdom, Australia and Fiji. It has a high-tech office in Fiji and a diplomatic agency in New York, Brussels and London. The chart has diplomatic relations with Commonwealth member states and Belgium, Chile, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Japan, and South Korea. Member of the United Nations, UNESCO, Commonwealth, World Health Organization, Universal Postal Union, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific Community, Pacific Regional Environment Agency, Asian Development Bank. A radical position on climate change issues.