The Republic of Togo 多哥共和国

【国名】多哥共和国(The Republic of Togo, La République Togolaise)。

【面积】56785平方公里。

【人口】780万(2017年)。全国有41个部族:南部以埃维族和米纳族为主,分别占全国人口的22%和6%;中部阿克波索、阿凯布等族占33%;北部卡布列族占13%。官方语言为法语。民族语言以埃维语和卡布列语较通用。居民中约70%信奉拜物教,20%信奉基督教,10%信奉伊斯兰教。

【首都】洛美(Lomé),人口157万,年平均气温约27℃。

【国家元首】总统福雷·埃索齐姆纳·纳辛贝(Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé),2005年5月就任,2010年3月和2015年4月两次连任。

【重要节日】解放日:1月13日;国庆日:4月27日。

【简况】位于非洲西部,南濒几内亚湾,东邻贝宁,西界加纳,北与布基纳法索接壤。海岸线长56公里。南部属热带雨林气候,北部属热带草原气候。年平均气温沿海地区为27℃,北部为30℃。

15世纪起,葡萄牙殖民者侵入多哥沿海地带。1884年沦为德国殖民地。1920年9月,多哥的西、东部被英、法分别占领。二次大战后,由英、法分别“托管”。1957年加纳独立时,英托管的西部多哥并入加纳。东部多哥于1956年8月成为法兰西共同体内的“自治共和国”,并于1960年4月27日正式宣布独立,定名为多哥共和国。奥林匹欧出任第一任总统。1963年,奥遇刺身亡,格鲁尼茨基出任总统。1967年1月13日,埃亚德马出任总统。此后,埃于1979年12月、1986年12月、1993年8月、1998年6月和2003年6月5次蝉联总统。2005年2月,埃因心脏病突发去世。

[Country name] The Republic of Togo, La République Togolaise.

[Area] 56,785 square kilometers.

[Population] 7.8 million (2017). There are 41 tribes in the country: the Eva and Mina are in the south, accounting for 22% and 6% of the national population respectively; the central Akeboso and Akaibu are 33%; the northern Kabulis are 13 %. The official language is French. The national language is more common in Ewe and Kabri. About 70% of the residents believe in fetishism, 20% believe in Christianity, and 10% believe in Islam.

[The capital] Lomé has a population of 1.57 million and an average annual temperature of about 27 °C.

[Head of State] President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé, who took office in May 2005 and was re-elected twice in March 2010 and April 2015.

[Important Festival] Liberation Day: January 13th; National Day: April 27.

[Profile] It is located in the west of Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea in the south, in Benin in the east, in Ghana in the west, and in Burkina Faso in the north. The coastline is 56 kilometers long. The southern part has a tropical rainforest climate and the north has a savanna climate. The annual average temperature is 27 °C in the coastal area and 30 °C in the north.

Since the 15th century, Portuguese colonists have invaded the coastal area of ​​Togo. In 1884 it became a German colony. In September 1920, the west and east of Togo were occupied by Britain and France. After the Second World War, the British and French were respectively “hosted”. When Ghana became independent in 1957, the British-hosted western Togo merged into Ghana. Togo in the east became the “autonomous republic” of the French Community in August 1956, and officially declared independence on April 27, 1960, and was named the Republic of Togo. Olympio became the first president. In 1963, Ou was stabbed to death and Grunitzky became president. On January 13, 1967, Eyadema became president. Since then, Egypt has reelected the President in December 1979, December 1986, August 1993, June 1998 and June 2003. In February 2005, Ein died of a heart attack.

【政治】埃去世后,其子福雷接管权力。2月7日,福宣誓就任多总统。国际社会强烈反对,西非国家经济共同体和非盟先后宣布对多制裁,欧盟、美国、法国予以遣责。迫于压力,福于2月25日辞去总统职务。4月,多举行总统选举,福获胜当选。6月,福组建以温和反对党泛非爱国统一党主席埃德姆·科乔为总理的民族团结政府。2006年8月,多全国政治对话取得成果,朝野各方共同签署一揽子政治协议,就重组政府、立法选举等重要问题达成一致。9月,福重组政府,传统反对党领导人、振兴行动委员会主席亚沃维·马吉·阿博伊博出任总理。2007年10月,多顺利举行立法选举,执政党多哥人民联盟(联盟党)获胜,继续掌控议会主导权。12月,福雷任命联盟党的马利为总理。2008年9月,福雷改组政府,任命经济专家洪博担任政府总理。2010年3月,多哥举行总统大选,福雷获胜连任。2012年4月,福雷宣布解散联盟党,成立新的总统多数派政党——保卫共和联盟,并兼任党主席。7月,福雷改组政府,任命原商业与私营行业促进部长阿胡梅-祖努为总理。2013年7月,多哥议会选举顺利举行,保卫共和联盟赢得91个议席中的62席,达马·德拉马尼(Dama Dramani)出任议长。9月,福雷组成新一届政府,阿胡梅-祖努留任总理。2015年4月,多哥总统选举顺利举行,福雷再次胜选连任,开启第三个任期。6月5日,福雷任命科米·塞洛姆·克拉苏(Komi Selom Klassou)为新一届政府总理。2017年8月中旬以来,多反对派多次组织示威游行,要求修宪限制总统任期,尽快实现政权更迭。朝野双方围绕宪改方案相持不下。2018年2至6月,政府与反对派举行了4次政治对话。7月底,西共体峰会在洛美召开,就解决多哥政治危机达成路线图。12月20日,议会选举如期举行,保卫共和联盟赢得91席中的59席。

【宪法】1992年9月27日,公民投票通过第四共和国宪法。2002年12月30日,议会对宪法部分条款进行了修改。宪法规定多哥实行半总统制。总统为国家元首和军队最高统帅,由选民直接选举产生,一轮多数胜出,任期5年,可连选连任;总统有权解散议会、颁布议会通过的法律和实行赦免。总理出自议会多数派,由总统任命,对议会负责。议会可对总理提出不信任案,获议会2/3多数通过即可要求任命新总理。宪法可根据总统和议会的提议进行修改,由议会或公民投票表决通过。

【议会】2002年12月30日修改的宪法规定,多议会实行两院制,由国民议会和参议院组成。国民议会行使立法权并对政府工作进行监督。议员由直选产生,任期5年,可连选连任。本届议会于2018年12月选举产生,共91名议席。议会下设国防和安全、财政和贸易、社会和文化、经济发展和领土整治、对外关系和合作、法律和行政法规以及人权7个委员会。议席分配如下:保卫共和联盟59席,独立候选人18席,变革力量联盟7席,新承诺党3席,民主发展爱国运动2席,泛非民主党1席,共和中间派运动1席。激进反对派14党联盟抵制选举进程,未参加选举,上届议会最大反对党全国变革联盟失去全部18席。2019年1月23日,保卫共和联盟总司库雅瓦·吉格博迪·采冈(Yawa·Djigbodi·TSEGAN,女)当选议长。

[Politics] After the death of Egypt, his son, Fore, took over the power. On February 7, Fu was sworn in as president. The international community strongly opposes that the Economic Community of West African States and the African Union have successively announced sanctions against the EU, the United States and France. Under pressure, Blessing resigned from the presidency on February 25. In April, more presidential elections were held, and Fu won the election. In June, the Fu Group established the National Unity Government with the Prime Minister of the Pan-African Patriotic Unity Party, Edm Kojo, as the Prime Minister. In August 2006, many national political dialogues achieved results. The ruling and opposition parties signed a package of political agreements and reached an agreement on reorganizing the government and legislative elections. In September, Fu Fu reorganized the government, and the leader of the traditional opposition party and the chairman of the revitalization action committee, Yavivi Magee Aboj, became the prime minister. In October 2007, more successful legislative elections were held. The ruling party, the Togolese People’s Alliance (Alliance Party), won and continued to control the parliamentary leadership. In December, Foley appointed Marley of the Alliance Party as Prime Minister. In September 2008, Foley reorganized the government and appointed economic expert Hong Bo as the prime minister. In March 2010, Togo held a presidential election and Forre won the reelection. In April 2012, Foley announced the dissolution of the coalition party and the establishment of a new presidential majority party – defending the Republican Union and serving as the party chairman. In July, Foley reorganized the government and appointed former Minister of Commerce and Private Sector Promotion Ahumei Zunu as Prime Minister. In July 2013, the Togolese parliamentary elections were successfully held, defending the Republican Union to win 62 of the 91 seats, and Dama Dramani as the speaker. In September, Foley formed a new government, and Ahumei Zunu remained as prime minister. In April 2015, the Togolese presidential election was successfully held, and Foley once again won the re-election and opened the third term. On June 5, Foley appointed Komi Selom Klassou as the new Prime Minister. Since mid-August 2017, many opposition parties have organized demonstrations on several occasions, demanding that the constitution be amended to limit the term of the president and to achieve political change as soon as possible. The two sides of the ruling and opposition parties are not consistent with the constitutional reform plan. From February to June 2018, the government held four political dialogues with the opposition. At the end of July, the ECOWAS summit was held in Lomé to reach a road map for resolving the political crisis in Togo. On December 20th, the parliamentary elections were held as scheduled, and the Republican Alliance won 59 of the 91 seats.

[Constitution] On September 27, 1992, the referendum passed the Constitution of the Fourth Republic. On December 30, 2002, the Parliament amended some of the provisions of the Constitution. The Constitution stipulates that Togo implements a semi-presidential system. The president is the head of state and the supreme commander of the army. It is directly elected by the voters. The majority of the winners win for a five-year term and can be re-elected. The president has the power to dissolve the parliament, enact laws passed by the parliament, and impose pardons. The Prime Minister is from the majority of the parliament and is appointed by the President and is responsible to the Parliament. The parliament can raise a case of no confidence in the prime minister and a two-thirds majority of the parliament can be used to request the appointment of a new prime minister. The constitution can be amended on the proposal of the president and the parliament, and passed by parliament or referendum.

[Parliament] The constitution amended on December 30, 2002 stipulates that the multi-parliament implements a bicameral system consisting of the National Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly exercises legislative power and supervises government work. Members are elected by direct elections for a term of five years and are eligible for re-election. The current parliament was elected in December 2018 with a total of 91 seats. The Parliament consists of seven committees on defence and security, finance and trade, social and cultural, economic development and territorial remediation, external relations and cooperation, legal and administrative regulations, and human rights. The seats were allocated as follows: 59 seats for the Republican Alliance, 18 seats for independent candidates, 7 seats for the Revolutionary Forces Alliance, 3 seats for the New Commitment Party, 2 seats for the Democratic Development Patriotic Movement, 1 Pan African Democratic Party, and 1 Republican Middle School Movement. The radical opposition 14-party coalition boycotted the election process and did not participate in the election. The last National Assembly’s largest opposition party, the National Change Alliance, lost all 18 seats. On January 23, 2019, the defending republican general manager, Yawa Djigbodi TSEGAN (female), was elected as the speaker.

【政府】本届政府于2019年1月组成,共有包括总理在内的26名成员,主要有:总理科米·塞洛姆·克拉苏(Komi Selom Klassou),基础发展、手工业与青年部长维克图瓦•托梅加-多贝(Victoire Tomégah Dogbé),公职、劳动、行政改革与社会保护部长吉贝尔·巴瓦拉(Gilbert Bawara),邮政、数字经济与技术创新部长西娜·劳森(Cina Lawson),安全与公民保护部长雅克·达梅哈内(Yark Damehane),外交、非洲一体化与海外侨民部长罗贝尔·迪塞(Robert Dussey),领土管理、权利下放与地方机构部长帕亚多瓦·布佩西(Payadowa Boukpéssi),

经济和财政部长萨尼•亚雅(Sani Yaya),掌玺与司法部长皮尤斯•阿贝托梅(Pius Agbetomey),矿产与能源部长德德里韦·阿布利•比达蒙(Dèdèriwè Ably Bidamon),健康与公共卫生部长穆斯塔法•米吉亚瓦(Moustafa Mijiyawa),共和国总统事务部长阿鲁纳·巴蒂安•西利·帕布雷(Arouna Batiem Silly Kpabre),商业、工业、私营行业发展与本地消费促进部长科乔·阿德泽(Kodjo Adedze),技术教育、培训与职业融入部长塔伊鲁·巴比耶格(Tairou Babiègue),发展规划与合作部长邓巴·蒂尼奥克帕(Demba Tignokpa),社会行动、妇女促进与扫盲部长查比南迪•科拉尼•延查雷(Tchabinandi Kolani Yentchare),水资源、农村设施与乡村水利部长安托万·莱克帕·贝贝尼(Antoine Lekpa Gbegbeni),人权及共和国机构关系部长克里斯蒂安·特里姆瓦(Christian Trimua ),基础设施和交通部长祖雷亚图·查孔多-卡萨·塔拉奥雷(Zouréatou Tchakondo-Kassa Traoré),高等教育与科研部长科菲·阿帕加纳(Koffi Akpagana),环境、可持续发展与自然保护部长奥拉托昆·沃努·达维德(Olatokoun Wonou David),文化、旅游和休闲部长科西维·埃格贝托尼翁(Kossivi Egbetognon),水资源、农村设施与乡村水利部长部长级代表坎菲蒂纳·伊萨·切德(Kanfitine Issa Tchede),新闻、体育与公民意识和公民责任教育部长福利·巴齐·卡塔里(Foli Bazi Katari),城市、城市化、住房和公共卫生部长科科·阿耶瓦(Koko Ayeva),农业、畜牧业与渔业部长巴塔卡·库特拉(Bataka Koutera)。此外,国防与退伍军人部由总统府代管。

【政府网站】www.republicoftogo.com

【行政区划】全国分为滨海区(Region maritime)、高原区(Region des plateaux)、中部区(Region centrale)、卡拉区(Region de Kara)和草原区(Region des savanes)五大经济区。经济区为地理经济概念,未设行政机构。全国有30个省和4个专区。省下设县、乡(镇)、自治村和村。

【司法机构】设最高法院、上诉法院和初级法院。最高法院是最高司法机构,下设司法、行政两个法庭,由庭长和法官组成。最高法院院长必须是职业法官,由总统任命。现任最高法院院长加马多·阿卡波维(Gamatho Akakpovi)。检察权由设在各级法院的检察长行使。

[Government] The current government was formed in January 2019. There are 26 members including the Prime Minister, mainly including: Prime Minister Komi Selom Klassou, Minister of Basic Development, Handicrafts and Youth. Victoire Tomégah Dogbé, Minister of Public Service, Labor, Administrative Reform and Social Protection, Gilbert Bawara, Minister of Post, Digital Economy and Technology Innovation, Xena Lawson (Cina Lawson), Minister of Security and Citizen Protection Yark Damehane, Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration and Overseas Residents Robert Dussey, Territorial Administration, Decentralization and Local Institutional Minister Payadowa Boukpéssi,

Minister of Economy and Finance Sani Yaya, Minister of Justice and Attorney General Pius Agbetomey, Minister of Minerals and Energy Dèdèriwè Ably Bidamon ), Moustafa Mijiyawa, Minister of Health and Public Health, and Arouna Batiem Silly Kpabre, Minister of the Republic of the Republic, commercial, industrial, private sector development With local consumption promotion minister Kodjo Adedze, technical education, training and career integration minister Tairou Babiègue, development planning and cooperation minister Dunbar Tiniokpa Demba Tignokpa), Minister of Social Action, Women’s Promotion and Literacy, Tchabinandi Kolani Yentchare, Minister of Water Resources, Rural Facilities and Rural Waters, Antoine Lakeba Bébini Antoine Lekpa Gbegbeni), Minister of Human Rights and Republical Institutional Relations Christian Trimua, Minister of Infrastructure and Transport Zouréatou Tchakondo-Kassa Traoré, Minister of Higher Education and Research Koffi Akpagana, Minister of Environment, Sustainable Development and Nature Conservation Ola Olatokoun Wonou David, Minister of Culture, Tourism and Leisure, Kossivi Egbetognon, Minister of Water Resources, Rural Facilities and Rural Waters, Campanti Kanfitine Issa Tchede, Minister of Journalism, Sport and Citizenship and Citizenship Education Foli Bazi Katari, Minister of Urban, Urbanization, Housing and Public Health · Koko Ayeva, Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Bataka Koutera. In addition, the Ministry of Defence and Veterans is hosted by the Presidential Palace.

[Government website] www.republicoftogo.com

[Administrative Division] The country is divided into five major economic zones: Region maritime, Region des Plateaux, Region centrale, Region de Kara, and Region des savanes. The economic zone is a geographical economy concept and there is no administrative agency. There are 30 provinces and 4 special zones across the country. There are counties, townships (towns), autonomous villages and villages under the province.

[Judiciary] The Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the Primary Court. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body. It consists of two judicial and administrative courts, composed of the president and judges. The President of the Supreme Court must be a professional judge appointed by the President. The current Supreme Court President Gamatho Akakpovi. Prosecutorial powers are exercised by the Attorney General at various levels of courts.

【政党】共有合法政党近70个,主要有:

(1)保卫共和联盟(L’Union pour la République):执政党。系福雷总统于2012年4月14日宣布成立的新党。以原执政党多哥人民联盟(联盟党)为主体。联盟党曾是多最大政党,福雷在该党第5次特别代表大会上宣布将其解散并与其他政党组织合并成立保卫共和联盟,表示愿吸纳所有认同其施政理念的政党、社会团体和个人。2017年10月,保卫共和联盟召开第一次全国代表大会,大会以“凝聚力量、共创和谐发展”为主题,选举产生了新一届中央领导机构,福雷继续担任党主席,设立7名副主席、1名负责党内日常事务的执行书记和1名总司库。

(2)变革力量联盟(L’Union des Forces du Changement):参政党。由前总统奥林匹欧之子吉尔克雷斯特·奥林匹欧(Gilchrist Olympio)创建并担任主席。势力主要集中在南部地区。主张建立以多党制为基础、尊重人权的民主法治国家。奥长期流亡加纳,曾在1998年总统选举中获34%的选票,使该党成为影响最大的反对党。2010年5月,该党与执政党多哥人民联盟签署合作协议,成为参政党。7名该党成员入阁担任部长职务。

(3)全国变革联盟(Alliance Nationale pour le Changement):反对党。成立于2010年10月10日,势力主要集中在洛美至阿内霍的南部沿海地区,支持者主要为埃维族人。由被变革力量联盟全国党主席奥林匹欧开除党籍的前变盟总书记让–皮埃尔·法布雷(Jean-Pierre Fabré)发起成立并担任党主席。该党宗旨为与奥林匹欧领导的变革力量联盟划清界限,坚持斗争路线以实现政权更迭,以建立民主、自由多哥为目标。该党是2017年8月以来反对派示威游行的主要发起者之一。

(4)振兴行动委员会(Le Comite d’Action pour le Renouveau):反对党。成立于1991年4月30日。主张“法律至上,法官独立,尊重人权”。名誉主席为前总理亚沃维·马吉·阿博伊博(Yaovi Madji Agboyibo),总书记让·基希(Jean Kissi)。2012年8月,振兴行动委员会联合部分反对党成立彩虹联盟。

(5)泛非民族党(Parti National Panafrican ):反对党。成立于2014年11月,创始人和领导人为萨利夫·阿查达姆(Salif Atchadam),支持者主要为中部特姆族人。该党自2017年8月起率先在洛美、索科代等城市多次发起示威游行,呼吁回归92年宪法,实现政权更迭。

(6)新生力量联盟(La Coordination des Forces Nouvelles):反对党。成立于1993年6月。主张实现全国和解。主席为科库·约瑟夫·科菲戈(Kokou Joseph Koffigoh)。

(7)泛非爱国统一党(Convergence Patriotique Panafricaine):反对党。成立于1999年8月15日,由多哥民主联盟(UTD)、民主行动党(PAD)、民主团结联盟(UDS)和争取团结民主党(PDU)四党合并组成。主张改革现行国家机构,建设民主、自由的法治国家,实现全国和解。主席为前总理埃德姆·科乔(Edem Kodjo)。

(8)崛起多哥组织(Sursaut-Togo):反对党。成立于2010年,以在多哥建立民主、人道社会为目标。其创始人和领导人科菲·扬姆亚尼(Kofi Yamgnane)系法国总统奥朗德前非洲事务顾问。

其他政党还有:新承诺党(NET)、民主发展爱国运动(MPDD)、泛非民主党(PDP)、共和中间派运动(MRC)、全面发展民主联盟(ADDI)、非洲人民民主大会(CDPA)、独立自由人士联盟(ULI)、民主振兴党(PDR)等。

[Party] There are nearly 70 legal parties, mainly including:

(1) L’Union pour la République: The ruling party. It was the new party announced by President Foley on April 14, 2012. The original ruling party, the Togolese People’s Union (Alliance Party), is the main body. The coalition party was once the largest political party. Foley announced at the 5th special congress of the party that it would be dissolved and merged with other political parties to form a defending republican alliance. He expressed his willingness to absorb all political parties, social groups and individuals who agree with their governance philosophy. . In October 2017, the Security Republican Alliance held the first national congress. The theme of the conference was “Collecting Strength and Creating Harmonious Development”, and elected a new central leadership. Foley continued to serve as the party chairman and set up 7 Vice-Chairman, 1 executive secretary responsible for daily affairs within the party and 1 general treasurer.

(2) L’Union des Forces du Changement: Participating parties. Created and chaired by Gilchrist Olympio, the son of former President Olympio. The forces are mainly concentrated in the southern region. It advocates the establishment of a democratic and rule-of-law country based on a multi-party system and respecting human rights. Austria’s long-term exile in Ghana, which won 34% of the votes in the 1998 presidential election, made the party the most influential opposition party. In May 2010, the party signed a cooperation agreement with the ruling party, the Togolese People’s Union, to become a participating party. Seven members of the party entered the cabinet to serve as ministers.

(3) Alliance Nationale pour le Changement: Opposition party. Founded on October 10, 2010, the forces are mainly concentrated in the southern coastal areas of Lomé to Anejo. The supporters are mainly Ewe people. Jean-Pierre Fabré, the former general secretary of the League of Nations who was expelled from the National Party Chairman of the Revolutionary Power Alliance, Olympio, was founded and served as the party chairman. The purpose of the party is to draw a line with the alliance of transformation forces led by Olympia, adhere to the line of struggle to achieve political change, and aim to build democracy and free Togo. The party is one of the main initiators of the opposition demonstrations since August 2017.

(4) Le Comite d’Action pour le Renouveau: Opposition party. Established on April 30, 1991. Advocating “the law is supreme, judges are independent, and respect human rights.” The honorary chairman is former Prime Minister Yaovi Madji Agboyibo, General Secretary Jean Kissi. In August 2012, the Revitalization Action Committee and some opposition parties formed the Rainbow Alliance.

(5) Parti National Panafrican: Opposition. Founded in November 2014, the founder and leader is Salif Atchadam, and the supporters are mainly Central Tham. Since August 2017, the party has taken the lead in many demonstrations in cities such as Lomé and Sokodai, calling for a return to the 1992 Constitution and the realization of political change.

(6) La Coordination des Forces Nouvelles: Opposition. Established in June 1993. Advocate for national reconciliation. The chairman is Kokou Joseph Koffigoh.

(7) Convergence Patriotique Panafricaine: Opposition. Founded on August 15, 1999, it consists of a merger of the Togolese Democratic Alliance (UTD), the Democratic Action Party (PAD), the Democratic Solidarity Coalition (UDS), and the Unity for Democracy (PDU). It advocates reforming existing state institutions, building a democratic and free country under the rule of law, and achieving national reconciliation. The chairman is former Prime Minister Edem Kodjo.

(8) The rise of the Togo (Sursaut-Togo): opposition party. Established in 2010 to target the establishment of a democratic and humanitarian society in Togo. Its founder and leader, Kofi Yamgnane, is a former African adviser to French President Hollande.

Other political parties include: New Commitment Party (NET), Democratic Development Patriotic Movement (MPDD), Pan-African Democratic Party (PDP), Republican Median Movement (MRC), Comprehensive Development Democracy Coalition (ADDI), African People’s Democratic Congress (CDPA), Independent Free People’s Alliance (ULI), Democratic Revitalization Party (PDR), etc.

【重要人物】总统福雷·埃索齐姆纳·纳辛贝(Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé)。系多前总统埃亚德马第三子,1966年6月6日生于多哥的阿法尼昂。曾就读于法国巴黎第九大学和美国乔治·华盛顿大学,获管理学学士学位和工商管理硕士学位。回国后进入公职部门,并两次当选议员。2003年7月起任装备、矿业、邮政和电信部长。2005年2月其父病逝后,在军方支持下接掌政权,后迫于内外压力辞去总统职务。同年4月参加总统大选并胜出,5月宣誓就职。2010年3月和2015年4月两次胜选连任。

总理科米·塞洛姆·克拉苏(Komi Selom Klassou)。1960年生于南方高原区。自然地理学家,获法国波尔多第三大学热带地理学硕士和水文气候学博士学位。历任文化、青年和体育部长,国民议会议员,初等和中等教育部长,议会第一副议长等职。2015年6月5日,出任总理。2019年1月25日连任。

【经济】联合国公布的世界最不发达国家之一。农业、磷酸盐和转口贸易是三大支柱产业。1983年起实行经济结构调整计划。1989年建立洛美保税区以吸引外资。90年代初由于政局动荡,经济一度陷入严重危机。1994年后,随着政局趋稳,经济逐步走出低谷。2010年12月,多达到“重债穷国”完成点,获免外债18亿美元。2011年以来,多政府实施《国家农业投资和粮食安全计划》,扩大农业生产;加大对磷酸盐产业投入,加强与外资合作开发新矿;加强洛美港、洛美机场等基础设施建设,改善投资环境,经济整体保持上行趋势。2013年以来,多政府发起“多哥发展通道计划”,力图通过打通南北铁路、公路通道及在沿线建设电站、电信等基础设施,带动周边农业、矿业、物流、通讯和服务等产业综合协调发展,达到拉动多哥经济发展的目的。政府并积极推动金融体制改革,成立多哥投资和控股公司,积极吸引外资。福雷总统2015年再次连任以来,积极推行经济改革举措,致力于改善营商环境,改善小微企业融资条件,经济保持稳步增长。但由于基础薄弱,结构单一,加之2017年8月以来政局不稳冲击营商环境,经济总体仍比较困难。

2018年主要经济数据如下:

国内生产总值:55.3亿美元。

人均国内生产总值:约691美元。

国内生产总值增长率:4.7%。

货币名称:非洲金融共同体法郎(FCFA,简称非洲法郎)。

汇率(2018年平均):1美元约555.7非洲法郎。

通货膨胀率:0.9%。

(资料来源:2019年4月《伦敦经济季评》)

【资源】主要矿业资源是磷酸盐,产量居撒哈拉以南非洲前列,已探明优质矿储量2.6亿吨,含少量碳酸盐的约10亿吨。其他矿藏有石灰石、大理石、铁和锰等。

[Important person] President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé. The third son of former President Eyadema was born on June 6, 1966 in Afonion, Togo. He studied at the University of Paris IX and the University of George Washington, USA, with a bachelor’s degree in management and a master’s degree in business administration. After returning to China, he entered the public service and was elected twice. Since July 2003, he has been the Minister of Equipment, Mining, Post and Telecommunications. After his father died in February 2005, he took over the political power with the support of the military and was forced to resign from the presidency after internal and external pressure. In April of the same year, he participated in the presidential election and won, and was sworn in in May. In March 2010 and April 2015, he was re-elected twice.

Prime Minister Komi Selom Klassou. Born in the southern plateau in 1960. A natural geographer with a master’s degree in tropical geography and a doctorate in hydroclimatology from the University of Bordeaux, France. He has served as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Member of the National Assembly, Minister of Elementary and Secondary Education, and First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament. On June 5, 2015, he became the premier. Re-elected on January 25, 2019.

[Economy] One of the world’s least developed countries announced by the United Nations. Agriculture, phosphate and entrepot trade are the three pillar industries. The economic restructuring plan was implemented in 1983. In 1989, the Lomé Free Trade Zone was established to attract foreign investment. In the early 1990s, due to political turmoil, the economy was once in serious crisis. After 1994, as the political situation stabilized, the economy gradually stepped out of the trough. In December 2010, it reached the completion point of “heavily indebted poor countries” and was exempted from foreign debt of US$1.8 billion. Since 2011, many governments have implemented the National Agricultural Investment and Food Security Plan to expand agricultural production; increase investment in the phosphate industry, strengthen cooperation with foreign capital to develop new mines; and strengthen infrastructure construction such as Lomé Port and Lomé Airport. Improve the investment environment, and the overall economy will maintain an upward trend. Since 2013, many governments have initiated the “Togo Development Channel Plan”, which seeks to promote the coordinated development of industries such as agriculture, mining, logistics, communications and services in the surrounding areas through the opening of North-South railways, highways and the construction of power stations and telecommunications infrastructure along the route. To achieve the purpose of promoting Togo’s economic development. The government has also actively promoted financial system reform, established Togo investment and holding companies, and actively attracted foreign investment. Since his re-election in 2015, President Foley has actively promoted economic reforms, is committed to improving the business environment, improving the financing conditions for small and micro enterprises, and maintaining steady economic growth. However, due to the weak foundation and single structure, and the political instability since August 2017, the overall economic situation is still difficult.

The main economic data for 2018 are as follows:

Gross domestic product: US$5.53 billion.

Gross domestic product per capita: approximately US$ 691.

GDP growth rate: 4.7%.

Currency name: African Financial Community Franc (FCFA, referred to as African Franc).

Exchange rate (average 2018): 1 US dollar is about 555.7 African francs.

Inflation rate: 0.9%.

(Source: April 2019, London Economic Quarterly Review)

[Resources] The main mining resource is phosphate, which is in the forefront of sub-Saharan Africa. It has proven reserves of 260 million tons of high-quality minerals and about 1 billion tons of carbonate. Other mineral deposits include limestone, marble, iron and manganese.

【工业】工业基础薄弱。工业产值占国内生产总值的21%。主要工业门类有采矿、农产品加工、纺织、皮革、化工、建材等。工业企业中75%为中小企业。上世纪90年代初的社会动乱曾造成工业生产全面萎缩。1994年以来工矿业生产逐步恢复,2004年磷酸盐产量达到150万吨,但因社会动荡,2005年产量下降为100万吨,2009年降为70万吨。2013年产量90万吨,同比增长3.4%。

【农牧渔业】全国42.2%的人口从事农业生产活动(种植业、狩猎、林业)。可耕地面积约340万公顷,已开垦土地面积约140万公顷,粮食作物种植面积约85万公顷。农业产值约占国内生产总值的30%。主要作物为玉米、高粱、木薯和稻米,其产值占农业产值的67%;经济作物占大约20%,主要为棉花、咖啡和可可。2012年粮食总产量约448万吨,棉花总产量10万吨。

畜牧业主要集中在中部和北部地区,产值占农业产值的15%。2001年主要牲畜存栏数为:牛26.2万头,羊234.7万头,猪38.1万头,鸡935.9万只。2007年畜牧业生产指数比2001年增长22%。年捕鱼量15383吨,自给率为50%。

【旅游业】上世纪80年代以来,多哥旅游业发展较快。现拥有旅馆52家,客房2100间,床位4163张,其中三星级以上客房923间,从业人员约1300余名。1989年旅游业达到最高峰,接待游客达12.355万人。后由于社会动乱,旅游业十分不景气。1994年随着社会渐趋稳定,旅游业开始好转。2005年由于政局不稳,接待游客人数降为9.4万人,同比下降3%,但旅游收入达1500万美元,同比增长13%。为振兴旅游经济,多于2006年10月恢复旅游资质评选委员会工作,引进国际标准,提高服务水平。主要旅游点有洛美、多哥湖、帕利梅风景区和卡拉市。目前,多年均接待游客23万人次,创汇约3000万美元。

【交通运输】以公路为主,公路和港口运输是国民经济支柱产业之一。运输和贸易额占国民收入的35%左右,其交通运输网在次地区占有重要地位。

公路:总长12040公里,国家级公路2926公里,其中沥青路1650公里,其余为土路。有4条公路干线,连接布基纳法索、加纳和贝宁等国,国际货运量33万吨。

铁路:总长575公里,主要线路为洛美至布里塔276公里,洛美至帕利梅161公里。由于设施陈旧,铁路运输能力较差,仅395公里铁路能投入营运。

水运:主要港口洛美港水深14-16米,系西非重要港口之一,2016年吞吐量约为1400万吨,能同时停泊4艘2.5万吨级的货轮,年吞吐能力为800多万吨。但到港集装箱满载、离港集装箱大多空置,出口货物仅占吞吐总量的21%。

空运:全国有2个国际机场,6个小型机场。埃亚德马国际机场是主要航空港,可起降大型客机,跑道长3000米。年客运能力70万人次,货运能力1.1万吨,居西非第三位。2001年12月,多哥航空公司成立,每周两班直飞巴黎。另外,法航、非航、布基纳法索航空公司、科特迪瓦航空公司、埃塞俄比亚航空公司亦有航班经停多哥。ASKY航空公司成立于2007年,总部位于多哥洛美,主要为非洲西部和中部国家提供航班服务,包含阿比让、阿布贾、科纳克里等共计23个目的地城市。

[Industry] The industrial base is weak. Industrial output accounts for 21% of GDP. The main industrial categories are mining, agricultural products processing, textiles, leather, chemicals, and building materials. 75% of industrial enterprises are small and medium enterprises. Social unrest in the early 1990s caused industrial production to shrink. Since 1994, industrial and mining production has gradually recovered. In 2004, phosphate production reached 1.5 million tons. However, due to social unrest, production in 2005 fell to 1 million tons, and in 2009 it fell to 700,000 tons. The output in 2013 was 900,000 tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.4%.

[Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fishery] 42.2% of the country’s population is engaged in agricultural production activities (planting, hunting, forestry). The arable land area is about 3.4 million hectares, the land area has been about 1.4 million hectares, and the grain crop planting area is about 850,000 hectares. Agricultural output accounts for about 30% of GDP. The main crops are corn, sorghum, cassava and rice, which account for 67% of agricultural output; economic crops account for about 20%, mainly cotton, coffee and cocoa. In 2012, the total grain output was about 4.48 million tons, and the total cotton output was 100,000 tons.

The livestock industry is mainly concentrated in the central and northern regions, with output value accounting for 15% of agricultural output. In 2001, the number of major livestock stocks was 262,000 cattle, 2.347 million sheep, 381,000 pigs, and 9.359 million chickens. In 2007, the livestock production index increased by 22% compared with 2001. The annual fishing volume is 15,383 tons, and the self-sufficiency rate is 50%.

[Tourism] Since the 1980s, tourism in Togo has developed rapidly. Now it has 52 hotels, 2,100 rooms and 4,163 beds, including 923 rooms with more than three stars and more than 1,300 employees. In 1989, the tourism industry reached its peak and received 1245,000 tourists. After the social unrest, the tourism industry was very depressed. In 1994, as society became more stable, tourism began to improve. In 2005, due to political instability, the number of tourists received dropped to 94,000, down 3% year-on-year, but tourism revenue reached 15 million US dollars, an increase of 13%. In order to revitalize the tourism economy, more than the restoration of the Tourism Qualifications Selection Committee in October 2006, the introduction of international standards to improve service levels. The main tourist spots are Lomé, Togo Lake, Palime Scenic Area and Kara City. At present, it has received 230,000 tourists for many years and earned about 30 million US dollars.

[Transportation] Highways are the mainstay, and road and port transportation is one of the pillar industries of the national economy. Transportation and trade account for about 35% of national income, and its transportation network plays an important role in the sub-region.

Highway: The total length is 12040 kilometers, the national highway is 2926 kilometers, of which the asphalt road is 1650 kilometers, and the rest is dirt road. There are four main roads connecting Burkina Faso, Ghana and Benin, with an international cargo volume of 330,000 tons.

Railway: The total length is 575 kilometers. The main route is 276 kilometers from Lomé to Brit, and 161 kilometers from Lomé to Palime. Due to the outdated facilities and poor railway transportation capacity, only 395 kilometers of railways can be put into operation.

Water transport: The main port of Lomé Port is 14-16 meters deep and is one of the important ports in West Africa. The throughput in 2016 is about 14 million tons. It can simultaneously park 4 ships of 25,000 tons and has an annual handling capacity of more than 8 million tons. . However, the containers in Hong Kong are fully loaded and the departing containers are mostly vacant, and the exported goods account for only 21% of the total throughput.

Air transport: There are 2 international airports and 6 small airports in the country. Eyadema International Airport is the main airport, with large passenger aircraft taking off and landing, and the runway is 3,000 meters long. With an annual passenger capacity of 700,000 passengers and a cargo capacity of 11,000 tons, it ranks third in West Africa. In December 2001, Togo Airways was established and flew directly to Paris twice a week. In addition, Air France, non-aviation, Burkina Faso Airlines, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ethiopian Airlines also have flights to Togo. Founded in 2007, ASKY is headquartered in Lomé, Togo, and provides flight services to Western and Central African countries, including 23 destination cities including Abidjan, Abuja and Conakry.

【军事】武装部队始建于1961年11月,总统为军队最高统帅,国防部是最高军事决策机构。现任总参谋长为费利克斯·阿巴洛·卡丹加(Felix Abalo Kadangha)。实行义务兵和志愿兵相结合的兵役制度,义务兵服役期两年。凡年龄在18~25岁的青年均可报名入伍。

总兵力约9300人,其中陆、海、空三军约8550人(包括总统卫队750人)、宪兵750人。陆军装备有战车、轻型坦克、装甲车、野战炮等;海军有巡逻艇2艘;空军有战斗机、运输机18架,直升机3架。

【文化教育】普通教育制度分一级教育(小学)、二级教育(初中)、三级教育(高中)和四级教育(大学)。全国小学校5019所,在校学生91.5万人,入学率达88%,小学教师2.3万人;初中686所,学生20.4万人,升学率22%,教师5400多人;高中105所,学生3.9万,教师1700多人。此外,全国技术教育和职业培训学校共有68所(包括公立、私立和教会学校)。据世界银行统计,成人总体识字率为65%。

高等学校有洛美大学,1970年建校,设5个学院、5个系、2个研究所和2个培训中心,现有学生约1.7万人,教师约1000人。1999年初政府决定在埃亚德马总统的家乡卡拉兴建第二所大学,2004年建成,有学生6000至7000人。

【新闻出版】《多哥新闻报》:官方日报,1962年创刊。1972~1991年曾改称《新征途报》。1991年10月14日恢复原名,发行量约6000份。自1990年以来出现了20多家私营报刊,主要有:《观察家报》、《鳄鱼》、《非洲回声》、《蝎子》、《人民战斗》、《新时代报道》和《民主人士》等。

多哥通讯社:国家通讯社,成立于1975年,负责采编国内新闻和抄收外国通讯社的国际新闻,每周发行5期《每日新闻》,以国内新闻为主。

洛美广播电台:建于1953年8月,用法、英、德语广播,并用埃维、卡布列等民族语言播送新闻。每天播音18.5个小时。卡拉广播电台:建于1975年,负责对北方地区广播,主要用法语播音,也用埃维语和卡布列语播送新闻、广告,每天播音3次,每次3~7小时不等。

多哥电视台:建于1973年,唯一的官方电视台。主要使用法语播放节目,定时用埃维语和卡布列语播放新闻。卡拉电视台:建于1993年。

[Military] The armed forces were founded in November 1961, the president is the supreme commander of the army, and the Ministry of National Defense is the highest military decision-making body. The current Chief of Staff is Felix Abalo Kadangha. A military service system combining compulsory soldiers and volunteers is implemented, and the conscripts serve for two years. Young people between the ages of 18 and 25 can enroll in the army.

The total strength is about 9,300, of which 8,550 are land, sea and air (including 750 presidential guards) and 750 are gendarmerie. The Army is equipped with chariots, light tanks, armored vehicles, field guns, etc.; the Navy has two patrol boats; the Air Force has fighter aircraft, 18 transport aircraft, and three helicopters.

[Cultural Education] The general education system is divided into first-level education (primary school), secondary education (junior high school), tertiary education (high school), and fourth-level education (university). There are 5019 national primary schools with 915,000 students, 88% enrollment rate, 23,000 primary school teachers, 686 junior high school students, 204,000 students, 22% enrollment rate, more than 5,400 teachers, 105 high schools and 39,000 students. More than 1,700 teachers. In addition, there are 68 national technical education and vocational training schools (including public, private and church schools). According to the World Bank, the overall literacy rate for adults is 65%.

There are Lomé University in colleges and universities. In 1970, there were 5 colleges, 5 departments, 2 research institutes and 2 training centers. There are about 17,000 students and about 1,000 teachers. In early 1999, the government decided to build a second university in Karachi, the hometown of President Eyadema. It was completed in 2004 and has 6,000 to 7,000 students.

[Press and Publication] “Togo News”: The official daily newspaper, which was founded in 1962. From 1972 to 1991, he was renamed “New Journey”. On October 14, 1991, the original name was restored and the circulation was about 6,000 copies. Since 1990, more than 20 private newspapers have appeared, including: Observer, Crocodile, African Echo, Scorpion, People’s Combat, New Age Report and Democrats.

Togo News Agency: The National News Agency, established in 1975, is responsible for compiling domestic news and copying international news from foreign news agencies. It publishes five issues of “Daily News” every week, mainly based on domestic news.

Lomé Radio: Built in August 1953, broadcast in usage, English and German, and broadcast news in national languages ​​such as Evey and Cabriel. Broadcast 18.5 hours a day. Kara Radio: Built in 1975, it is responsible for broadcasting to the northern region, mainly broadcasting in French, broadcasting news and advertisements in Ewe and Kabri, and broadcasting 3 times a day, each time for 3 to 7 hours.

Togo TV: Built in 1973, the only official TV station. The program is mainly played in French, and the news is regularly played in Ewe and Kabri. Kara Television: Built in 1993.

【财政金融】2013年,多哥政府财政预算收入7798亿非郎,支出7863亿非郎,重点用于基础设施建设、教育、卫生等公共服务领域。金融部门包括中央银行及6家商业银行和非银行性质的中介金融组织(如保险公司等)。2011年8月,多哥政府完成为期三年的国有银行私有化的筹备工作,多哥工商银行、多哥开发银行、多哥非洲国际银行和多哥联合银行私有化工作进入国际招投标阶段。2018年多财政预算为13174亿非洲法郎(约合24亿美元),较去年增加8.7%。

【对外贸易】实行自由贸易政策,鼓励进出口贸易。进出口总额占国内生产总值的73%左右。主要出口商品是棉花、磷酸盐和咖啡,主要进口石油制品、日用消费品和机械设备等。2017年,贸易总额34.42亿美元,出口额12.28亿美元,进口额22.14亿美元。2018年,贸易总额28.72亿美元,出口额10.76亿美元,进口额17.96亿美元。主要出口对象国为布基纳法索、贝宁、尼日尔和科特迪瓦;主要进口国为中国、法国、日本和荷兰(资料来源:2018年第二季度《伦敦经济季评》、2019年4月《伦敦经济季评》)。

【外国援助】双边援助主要来自法国、德国、英国、美国、加拿大、日本、科威特、沙特阿拉伯等国;多边援助主要来自国际货币基金组织、世界银行和欧盟等。法、美、德等西方国家及欧盟曾中断除人道主义以外的全部经援,后陆续恢复。2006年多成功举行全国政治对话,各方签署一揽子政治协议后,欧盟宣布批准向多提供第6、7期欧洲发展基金余额2080万欧元,着手启动第9期发展基金2080万欧元。2007年多议会选举后,欧盟宣布解除对多制裁,恢复对多援助。2008年9月,多在布鲁塞尔召开发展援助伙伴会议,获得9亿多欧元援助承诺。世界银行、巴黎俱乐部、非洲开发银行先后免除多5亿多美元债务。2010年12月,多达到“重债穷国”完成点,获免外债18亿美元。2014年1月,欧盟宣布向多哥提供第11期发展基金,在2014-2020年间共计提供2.16亿欧元。2017年1月,国际货币基金组织与多哥签署2.38亿美元无息贷款协议;4月,世界银行与多哥签署三项援助和贷款协议,总额度39亿非洲法郎。2018年1月,法国开发署、欧盟、德国复兴信贷银行与多哥签署三项协议,为多提供5780万欧元优惠贷款和补贴。3月,伊斯兰发展银行宣布向多哥提供2000万美元贷款。

【人民生活】根据联合国开发计划署《2018年人类发展报告》公布的人文发展指数,多哥在189个国家中排名第165位。多哥劳动者每周工作40小时,职工最低月工资1.8万非洲法郎,洛美市劳动者平均月工资为2万非洲法郎。家庭补贴为每个子女每月2000非洲法郎。全国共有医疗卫生机构718个,其中3所大学医疗中心、1家专科医院、6所地区医疗中心、26所县级医院、8家综合性诊所、100所社保医疗救治中心、450家门诊和124个医务室。共有病床约7000张,卫生技术人员约7700人。主要疾病有疟疾、结核病和爱滋病等。平均寿命55岁,新生儿死亡率78‰。63%的居民饮用自来水。目前,固定电话用户约33万,手机用户260万,平均每100名居民中有5.4人使用因特网。

[Financial Finance] In 2013, the Togolese government budgeted revenue of 779.8 billion francs and expenditures of 786.3 billion francs, focusing on public service areas such as infrastructure construction, education, and health. The financial sector includes the central bank and six commercial banks and non-banking intermediary financial organizations (such as insurance companies). In August 2011, the Togolese government completed preparations for the privatization of state-owned banks for three years. The privatization of the Industrial Bank of Togo, the Togo Development Bank, the International Bank of Togo and the United Bank of Togo entered the international bidding stage. The fiscal budget for 2018 was 1,317.4 billion CFA francs (about 2.4 billion U.S. dollars), an increase of 8.7% over the previous year.

[Foreign Trade] Implement a free trade policy and encourage import and export trade. The total volume of imports and exports accounts for about 73% of GDP. The main export commodities are cotton, phosphate and coffee, mainly imported petroleum products, consumer goods and machinery. In 2017, the total trade volume was 3.442 billion US dollars, the export value was 1.228 billion US dollars, and the import value was 2.214 billion US dollars. In 2018, the total trade volume was 2.872 billion US dollars, the export value was 1.076 billion US dollars, and the import value was 1.796 billion US dollars. The main export destinations are Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger and Côte d’Ivoire; the main importing countries are China, France, Japan and the Netherlands (Source: London Economic Quarterly Review, Second Quarter, 2018, April 2019) London Economic Quarterly Review).

[Foreign Aid] Bilateral assistance mainly comes from France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Japan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other countries; multilateral assistance mainly comes from the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the European Union. Western countries such as France, the United States, and Germany and the European Union have suspended all economic aid except humanitarianism and have since resumed. After more successful national political dialogues in 2006, the parties announced the approval of the provision of the 6th and 7th European Development Fund balances of 20.8 million euros and the start of the 9th development fund of 20.8 million euros. After the 2007 multi-parliamentary elections, the EU announced that it would lift more sanctions and resume more aid. In September 2008, a meeting of development assistance partners was held in Brussels, and more than 900 million euros of aid commitments were obtained. The World Bank, the Paris Club, and the African Development Bank have waived more than $500 million in debt. In December 2010, it reached the completion point of “heavily indebted poor countries” and was exempted from foreign debt of US$1.8 billion. In January 2014, the European Union announced the provision of 11th development fund to Togo, providing a total of 216 million euros between 2014 and 2020. In January 2017, the International Monetary Fund and Togo signed a $238 million interest-free loan agreement; in April, the World Bank and Togo signed three aid and loan agreements totaling 3.9 billion CFA francs. In January 2018, the French Development Agency, the European Union, KfW and Togo signed three agreements to provide 578 million euros in concessional loans and subsidies. In March, the Islamic Development Bank announced a $20 million loan to Togo.

[People’s Life] According to the Human Development Index published by the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 2018, Togo ranks 165th out of 189 countries. Workers in Togo work 40 hours a week, with a minimum monthly salary of 18,000 CFA francs and an average monthly salary of 20,000 CFA francs for workers in Lomé. The family allowance is 2000 CFA francs per child per month. There are 718 medical and health institutions nationwide, including 3 university medical centers, 1 specialist hospital, 6 regional medical centers, 26 county-level hospitals, 8 comprehensive clinics, 100 social security medical treatment centers, 450 outpatient clinics and 124 hospitals. An infirmary. There are about 7,000 beds and about 7,700 health technicians. The main diseases are malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS. The average life expectancy is 55 years and the neonatal mortality rate is 78‰. 63% of residents drink tap water. At present, there are about 330,000 fixed-line users and 2.6 million mobile phone users, and an average of 5.4 out of every 100 residents use the Internet.

【对外关系】奉行中立、不结盟和睦邻友好的外交政策。重视与西方国家关系,争取外援及减免外债。积极发展与发展中国家关系,主张发展中国家团结,进行区域合作和经济联合。坚持睦邻友好,积极参与非洲地区事务,支持非洲一体化进程,先后派兵参与了非盟在中非、几内亚比绍和科特迪瓦等国的维和行动。近年来大力开展与印度、日本等国合作。是非盟、西非国家经济共同体、西非货币联盟等组织成员国。同70多个国家建立了外交关系。2012年1月至2013年12月,任联合国安理会非常任理事国。自2017年6月起,福雷总统担任西非国家经济共同体轮值主席,任期1年。

【同法国的关系】法是多前宗主国,最大的援助国和重要贸易伙伴。两国在各个领域的关系密切,签有外交、财政、文化、军事等11项合作协定。埃亚德马总统多次访法,寻求政治支持和经济援助。希拉克总统和德维尔潘外长也曾访多。2005年2月,埃去世,法国外长巴涅尔赴多出席埃葬礼。9月,福雷总统应邀访法,会见希拉克总统。2007年4月,法经济、财政与工业部长布雷东和开发署署长让-米歇尔访多。2008年2月,多与法国、贝宁三国军队在多举行“齐奥2008”(Zio 2008)联合军演。11月,福雷总统应邀访法,会见法国总统萨科齐。2010年5月和7月,福雷总统先后赴法出席法非峰会和法国庆阅兵式。2012年9月,福雷总统出席第67届联合国大会期间与奥朗德总统会晤。2013年1月,阿胡梅-祖努总理对法国进行友好工作访问。同月,法国开发署驻多哥代表与多经济与财政部长分别代表双方签署协议,将向多政府提供600万欧元,支持多农村医疗卫生、饮用水、教育等项目。10月,多哥外长迪塞访法,与法国外长法比尤斯就双边关系、地区问题等交换了看法。11月,福雷总统访问法国。2015年1月,福雷总统访法,会见法国总统奥朗德,并一同参加反恐和平示威游行。5月,法国总统奥朗德电贺福雷总统胜选连任。11月,福雷总统出席巴黎气候变化大会,其间会见法国总理瓦尔斯。2016年4月,多哥海军同法国海军在多哥海域举行“NEMO”联合军演。5月,迪塞外长访法,同法国外长艾罗就双边关系、几内亚湾海盗等问题交换了看法。7月,福雷总统致电慰问法国尼斯恐怖袭击事件和鲁昂教堂恐袭事件。2017年1月,福雷总统赴马里首都巴马科出席第27届法非峰会。11月,法国总统马克龙在科特迪瓦出席欧盟—非盟峰会期间,敦促多政府保障民众游行示威和反对派表达意见的自由。

【同德国的关系】多曾是德国殖民地,两国传统关系密切。2005年多政坛危机期间,德指责福雷违宪上台。两国关系曾受影响,后有所恢复。2007年10月,德、多签署协议,德援助300万欧元用于多议会选举。2008年2月,德外长施泰因迈尔对多进行工作访问,福雷总统会见。2009年6月,福雷总统对德国进行15年来的第一次访问。2010年1月,徳教育科研部长访多。2011年5月,洪博总理出席德国幕尼黑经济论坛多哥日活动。2012年6月,德国经济发展合作部代表团访多。同年,双方签署两年内向多哥提供2700万欧元援助的协定。2014年2月,迪塞外长对德国进行工作访问。6月,第二届德国-多哥政府间经济技术合作磋商会议在洛美举行,德决定2015-2016年间向多提供4000万欧元援助。2015年6月,德国联邦议院主席电贺福雷总统胜选连任。同月,德国宣布向多哥提供价值215亿西郎(3300万欧元)的援助。2016年1月,德国经济合作发展部长访多。4月,德国联邦议院副议长赴多哥参加“德国——多哥合作之春”系列活动。11月,迪塞外长访问德国。2017年4月,第二届“德国—多哥合作之春”在洛美举行。10月,德国向多哥提供3700万欧元援助,用于多农村基础设施和职业技术培训等领域。2018年5月,福雷总统会见德国总理默克尔特别代表。10月,福雷总统赴德国柏林出席20国集团非洲投资峰会。

[External Relations] A foreign policy of neutrality, non-alignment and good neighborliness. Attach importance to relations with Western countries, strive for foreign aid and reduce foreign debt. Actively develop relations with developing countries and advocate the unity of developing countries for regional cooperation and economic integration. Adhere to good-neighborly friendship, actively participate in African regional affairs, support the process of African integration, and have sent troops to participate in the African Union’s peacekeeping operations in Central Africa, Guinea-Bissau and Côte d’Ivoire. In recent years, we have vigorously carried out cooperation with countries such as India and Japan. It is a member of the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, and the West African Monetary Union. Established diplomatic relations with more than 70 countries. From January 2012 to December 2013, he served as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Since June 2017, President Foley has served as the rotating chairman of the Economic Community of West African States for a one-year term.

[Relationship with France] The law is the former sovereign state, the largest donor country and an important trading partner. The two countries have close ties in various fields and have signed 11 cooperation agreements including diplomatic, financial, cultural and military. President Eyadema has visited the law several times and sought political support and economic assistance. President Chirac and Foreign Minister De Villepin have also visited many. In February 2005, after the death of Egypt, French Foreign Minister Bagner went to attend the funeral. In September, President Foley was invited to visit France and meet with President Chirac. In April 2007, French Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry Breton and UNDP Director Jean-Michel visited. In February 2008, more joint military exercises with “Zio 2008” were held in the armed forces of France and Benin. In November, President Foley was invited to visit France and met with French President Nicolas Sarkozy. In May and July 2010, President Foley went to France to attend the French-African Summit and the French celebration parade. In September 2012, President Foley met with President Hollande during the 67th UN General Assembly. In January 2013, Prime Minister Ahumei Zunu made a friendly working visit to France. In the same month, the French Development Agency’s representative in Togo and the Minister of Economics and Finance signed an agreement on behalf of the two sides, which will provide 6 million euros to the multi-government to support projects such as rural health, drinking water and education. In October, Foreign Minister Desai of the Togo visited France and exchanged views with French Foreign Minister Fabius on bilateral relations and regional issues. In November, President Foley visited France. In January 2015, President Foley visited France and met with French President Hollande and participated in the anti-terrorist peaceful demonstrations. In May, French President Hollande congratulated President Forre for his re-election. In November, President Foley attended the Paris Climate Change Conference, during which he met with French Prime Minister Vals. In April 2016, the Togolese Navy and the French Navy held a joint “NEMO” military exercise in the Togo waters. In May, Foreign Minister Desai visited France and exchanged views with French Foreign Minister Ai Luo on bilateral relations and piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. In July, President Foley called to express condolences to the French terrorist attacks in Nice and the terrorist attacks in Rouen Church. In January 2017, President Foley attended the 27th France-Africa Summit in Bamako, the capital of Mali. In November, during the EU-AU summit in Côte d’Ivoire, French President Mark Long urged the multi-government to guarantee the people’s freedom of demonstration and opposition.

[Relationship with Germany] Most of them were German colonies, and the two countries have close ties. During the multi-political crisis in 2005, Germany accused Foley of unconstitutionality. The relationship between the two countries was affected and resumed. In October 2007, Germany and Germany signed an agreement, and Germany aided 3 million euros for multi-parliamentary elections. In February 2008, German Foreign Minister Steinmeier paid a working visit and President Forre met. In June 2009, President Foley made his first visit to Germany in 15 years. In January 2010, the Minister of Education and Research visited the Ministry of Education. In May 2011, Premier Hong Bo attended the Togolese Day event at the Munich International Economic Forum. In June 2012, the German Ministry of Economic Development and Cooperation visited a large number of delegations. In the same year, the two sides signed an agreement to provide Togo with 27 million euros of aid within two years. In February 2014, Foreign Minister Dise made a working visit to Germany. In June, the second German-Dogo Intergovernmental Economic and Technical Cooperation Consultation Meeting was held in Lomé, and Germany decided to provide 40 million euros of assistance during 2015-2016. In June 2015, the President of the German Bundestag congratulated President Forre on his re-election. In the same month, Germany announced to provide Togo with assistance worth 21.5 billion slang (33 million euros). In January 2016, the German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development visited many. In April, the deputy speaker of the German Bundestag went to Togo to participate in the “Germany – Togo Spring of Cooperation” series of activities. In November, Foreign Minister Desai visited Germany. In April 2017, the second “Germany-Togo Spring of Cooperation” was held in Lomé. In October, Germany provided Togo with 37 million euros for assistance in areas such as multi-rural infrastructure and vocational and technical training. In May 2018, President Foley met with German Chancellor Merkel’s special representative. In October, President Foley went to Berlin, Germany to attend the G20 Africa Investment Summit.

【同美国的关系】1961年建交。近年来,两国关系发展较快。2003年11月,多议会通过与美国签署的互不将对方公民引渡到国际刑事法庭的协议。此外,美还在石油开发、洛美港改扩建和纺织等经贸领域与多开展合作。2007年5月,美海军少将斯塔福比恩和海岸警卫队少将彼得曼访多。2008年4月,美宣布将多列入享有“非洲增长与机遇法案”国家。 2009年8月,洪博总理访美。2010年,美国负责非洲事务的助理国务卿卡尔森访多。2011年,美海军护卫舰访多,与多开展海军联合训练。2012年1月,美国国务卿克林顿对多哥进行正式访问。8月,美海军部长马布斯访多。2013年8月,美国与多哥签署协议,对多哥向马里派遣的维和部队提供1500万美元援助。2014年8月,福雷总统赴美出席首届美非峰会。2015年1月和6月,美国国务院助理国务卿帮办吉尔莫和威廉姆斯先后访问多哥。5月,美国国务院发言人祝贺福雷总统胜选连任。同月,多军副总参谋长阿吉托乌上校访问美国。7月,迪塞外长访美。2016年2月,迪塞外长访美。11月,福雷总统电贺特朗普当选美国总统。2017年6月,迪塞外长访美,会见美国国务卿蒂勒森。8月,第16届美国“非洲增长与机遇法案”论坛在洛美举行。2018年3月,多哥参加美国非洲司令部组织的多国海上安全演习。

【同邻国的关系】多哥同尼日利亚各领域联系与合作广泛,经贸关系尤为密切。2005年,在多发生宪政危机后,尼总统奥巴桑乔以非盟执行主席身份指责福雷违宪出任总统,并推动非盟和西非国家经济共同体对多实施制裁。福雷数次赴尼做解释工作并寻求支持。奥态度发生转变,在福雷当选总统后立即予以承认,并积极调解福与多反对派的矛盾。双方高层互访频繁。2011年5月,福雷总统赴尼日利亚出席乔纳森总统就职典礼。2013年7月,乔纳森总统访问多哥。2015年5月,福雷总统赴阿布贾出席布哈里总统就职典礼。12月,福雷总统赴尼日利亚阿布贾出席西共体成立40周年庆祝大会暨地区反恐峰会。2016年5月,福雷总统赴尼日利亚阿布贾出席第二届地区安全峰会。8月。福雷总统对尼日利亚进行工作访问,会见布哈里总统。12月,福雷总统赴尼日利亚出席西非经济共同体第50次领导人会议。2017年6月,福雷总统访问尼日利亚,会见尼日利亚副总统奥辛巴乔。2018年6月,福雷总统访问尼日利亚。

多哥同加纳历史上曾有“西多哥”归属之争。多前总统奥林匹欧之子曾长期流亡加纳,两国关系时有摩擦并曾一度恶化。1995年加纳总统罗林斯访多,实现两国关系正常化。此后双方高层互访频繁。2010年5月米尔斯出席福雷总统就职仪式。2012年3月,加纳总统米尔斯访多。8月,福雷总统出席加纳前总统米尔斯葬礼。2013年1月,福雷总统赴加纳出席马哈马总统的就职仪式。9月,加纳总统马哈马对多哥进行工作访问。2014年11月,福雷总统访问加纳。2015年4月,西共体轮值主席、加纳总统马哈马访多,敦促多在和平、透明的环境下举行新一届总统选举。同月,福雷总统和贝宁总统亚伊共同访问加纳,签署三国航空合作协议。6月,福雷总统访问加纳。2017年3月,福雷总统赴加纳出席加纳独立60周年庆祝活动,并会见加纳总统阿库福—阿多。5月,阿库福—阿多总统访问多哥。11月,阿库福—阿多总统访多,与福雷总统探讨多危机解决方案;后又派加纳安全部长达帕多次访多斡旋多局势。2018年上半年,阿库福—阿多总统多次赴多主持多朝野对话。10月、11月,福雷总统对加纳进行工作访问。

多哥同贝宁关系较密切。两国在莫诺河上合建有南贝托水电站。上世纪90年代初,两国关系曾一度冷淡。1996年3月克雷库当选贝宁总统后,两国友好关系恢复,双方高层往来频繁。2010年5月,亚伊总统出席福雷总统就职仪式。2011年2月,福雷总统对贝宁进行工作访问。4月,福雷总统赴贝宁出席亚伊总统就职仪式。2014年4月,福雷总统对贝宁进行工作访问。2015年1月,福雷总统赴贝宁出席第18届西非经货联盟峰会。12月,福雷总统赴贝宁出席贝宁前总统克雷库葬礼。2016年1月,福雷总统赴贝宁出席第19届西非经货联盟峰会。2017年10月,贝宁总统塔隆两次访多斡旋多哥局势。2018年11月,贝宁总统塔隆访问多哥。

[Relationship with the United States] Established diplomatic relations in 1961. In recent years, relations between the two countries have developed rapidly. In November 2003, the multi-parliament passed an agreement with the United States not to extradite the other citizen to the International Criminal Court. In addition, the United States is also cooperating with oil and gas development, the expansion and expansion of Lomé Port and textiles. In May 2007, US Navy Rear Admiral Stafford Bien and Coast Guard Major General Peter Man visited. In April 2008, the United States announced that it would be included in the countries that enjoy the African Growth and Opportunity Act. In August 2009, Prime Minister Hong Bo visited the United States. In 2010, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Carlson, visited the United States. In 2011, the US Navy escorts visited more and more joint naval training. In January 2012, US Secretary of State Clinton paid an official visit to Togo. In August, US Secretary of the Navy Mabus visited more. In August 2013, the United States and Togo signed an agreement to provide 15 million U.S. dollars in assistance to Togo’s peacekeeping forces dispatched to Mali. In August 2014, President Foley went to the United States to attend the first US-Africa summit. In January and June 2015, Assistant Secretary of State for the US Department of State, Gilmore and Williams, visited Togo. In May, a US State Department spokesperson congratulated President Forre on his re-election. In the same month, Colonel Ajitou, deputy chief of staff of the army, visited the United States. In July, Foreign Minister Desai visited the United States. In February 2016, Foreign Minister Desai visited the United States. In November, President Foley congratulated Trump on his election as President of the United States. In June 2017, Foreign Minister Desai visited the United States and met with US Secretary of State Tillerson. In August, the 16th US African Growth and Opportunity Bill Forum was held in Lomé. In March 2018, Togo participated in a multinational maritime security exercise organized by the US African Command.

[Relationship with neighboring countries] Togo has extensive contacts and cooperation with Nigeria in various fields, and its economic and trade relations are particularly close. In 2005, after more than a constitutional crisis, President Obasanjo accused Foley of being unconstitutional as the AU executive chairman and promoted sanctions against the AU and the Economic Community of West African States. Foley went to Nepal several times to explain his work and seek support. The Austrian attitude changed, and it was immediately recognized after Foley was elected president, and actively resolved the contradiction between Fu and the opposition. High-level mutual visits between the two sides are frequent. In May 2011, President Foley went to Nigeria to attend the inauguration of President Jonathan. In July 2013, President Jonathan visited Togo. In May 2015, President Foley attended Abuja to attend the inauguration of President Buhari. In December, President Foley went to Abuja, Nigeria to attend the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the ECOWAS and the regional anti-terrorism summit. In May 2016, President Foley attended the second regional security summit in Abuja, Nigeria. August. President Foley paid a working visit to Nigeria and met with President Buhari. In December, President Foley went to Nigeria to attend the 50th Summit of the Economic Community of West African States. In June 2017, President Foley visited Nigeria and met with Nigerian Vice President Osing Baggio. In June 2018, President Foley visited Nigeria.

In the history of Ghana, there was a dispute over the ownership of “Sidogo”. The son of former President Olympio has been in exile in Ghana for a long time. The relationship between the two countries has been frictional and has deteriorated. In 1995, Ghanaian President Rawlings visited a number of visits to normalize relations between the two countries. Since then, high-level mutual visits have been frequent. In May 2010, Mills attended the inauguration ceremony of President Forre. In March 2012, Ghana’s President Mills visited more. In August, President Foley attended the funeral of former President Mills of Ghana. In January 2013, President Foley went to Ghana to attend the inauguration ceremony of the President of the Republic of Mahama. In September, Ghana’s President Mahama paid a working visit to Togo. In November 2014, President Foley visited Ghana. In April 2015, the rotating president of the ECOWAS and the President of Ghana, Mahama, visited a lot and urged that the new presidential election be held in a peaceful and transparent environment. In the same month, President Foley and President Benin of Yamin visited Ghana and signed a three-nation aviation cooperation agreement. In June, President Foley visited Ghana. In March 2017, President Foley went to Ghana to attend the celebration of the 60th anniversary of Ghana’s independence and met with Ghanaian President Akufo-Addo. In May, President Akufu-Addo visited Togo. In November, President Akufu-Addo visited the company and discussed the multi-crisis solution with President Forre. Later, he sent the Ghanaian Security Minister Dapa to visit the mediation situation. In the first half of 2018, President Akufu-Addo hosted many times to host more dialogues between the ruling and the opposition. In October and November, President Foley made a working visit to Ghana.

Togo has a close relationship with Benin. The two countries have built a Nanbeto hydropower station on the Mono River. In the early 1990s, relations between the two countries were once cold. After Krekou was elected President of Benin in March 1996, the friendly relations between the two countries resumed and the high-level exchanges between the two sides were frequent. In May 2010, President Yayi attended the inauguration ceremony of President Foley. In February 2011, President Foley made a working visit to Benin. In April, President Foley went to Benin to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Yayi. In April 2014, President Foley made a working visit to Benin. In January 2015, President Foley went to Benin to attend the 18th WAEMU Summit. In December, President Foley went to Benin to attend the funeral of former President Krekou of Benin. In January 2016, President Foley went to Benin to attend the 19th West African Economic and Monetary Union Summit. In October 2017, Benin’s President Talon visited the situation of Togo in Togo twice. In November 2018, Benin’s President Talon visited Togo.

多哥同布基纳法索关系较好。两国总统多次互访。2005年多发生宪政危机后,孔波雷总统被推举成为多全国政治对话斡旋人,成功推动对话各方签署“一揽子政治协议”。2010年5月,孔波雷总统出席福雷总统就职典礼。12月,福雷总统出席孔波雷总统就职典礼。2011年5月,福雷对布进行工作访问。2013年4月,福雷总统赴布会见孔波雷总统。6月,孔波雷总统对多哥进行工作访问。2014年5月,福雷总统访布。10月布“宪政危机”后,福雷总统积极参与斡旋,并于11月出席布临时总统卡凡多就职典礼。2015年5月,布过渡政府总理齐达访多。12月,福雷总统赴布基纳法索出席布新总统卡博雷就职仪式。2016年1月,福雷总统致函慰问布总统卡博雷,对瓦加杜古恐怖袭击事件表示强烈谴责。2月,布外长访多。2017年8月,克拉苏总理赴布基纳法索会见布总统卡博雷,转交福雷总统关于布遭受恐袭的慰问信。2018年3月,福雷总统以西共体主席身份赴瓦加杜古视察布3月2日恐袭现场,并会见卡博雷总统。

多哥与非洲其他国家保持良好关系。2010年,福雷总统接待马里总统等访多,访问利比亚、苏丹、卢旺达等国。2011年,福雷总统访问乍得、塞内加尔、乌干达等国。2012年,福雷总统访问塞内加尔、纳米比亚等国。2013年,福雷总统接待马里总统、科特迪瓦总统等访多,访问埃及,并派兵参与在马里的军事行动。2014年,福雷总统接待几内亚比绍总统访多,访问刚果(布)、尼日尔、科特迪瓦、加蓬等国。2015年,福雷总统访问几内亚、塞拉利昂、利比里亚、尼日尔、科特迪瓦、马里、刚果(布)、津巴布韦等国,科特迪瓦总统瓦塔拉、刚果(布)总统萨苏、西共体委员会主席韦德拉奥果先后访问多哥。2016年1-6月,福雷总统先后访问科特迪瓦、埃及、津巴布韦,马里总统凯塔、几内亚比绍总统瓦斯先后访问多哥。7月,福雷总统赴尼日尔出席协商委员会成员国首脑会议,并就任委员会轮值主席,同月,赴卢旺达出席非盟首脑会议,期间会见卢旺达、刚果(布)、埃及等国总统。2017年,福雷总统先后访问埃及、刚果(布)、利比里亚、几内亚、赞比亚、塞拉利昂并赴安哥拉出席洛伦索总统就职仪式。2018年,福雷总统先后访问几内亚、加蓬、科特迪瓦并出席利比里亚总统就职仪式、塞拉利昂总统就职仪式、尼日尔独立60周年庆典,并接待来访的几内亚比绍总理。2019年1月,福雷总统访问科特迪瓦。

多哥积极参与地区与国际合作。2010年,福雷总统先后出席第15届非盟首脑会议、千年发展目标非洲协调论坛等会议。2011年,福雷总统先后出席了西非经货联盟峰会、第16届非盟峰会、西共体第39届国家元首和政府首脑会议和第37届世界粮农组织(FAO)大会,并在洛美主持了非加太国家集团-欧盟联合议会大会。2012年2月,在多哥倡议下,联合国安理会举行关于“有组织跨国犯罪影响西非和萨赫勒地区和平、安全与稳定”的公开辩论会,福雷总统率团赴美与会。2012年,福雷总统先后出席了第18届非盟峰会、非盟成员国领导人非正式会晤、西共体特别峰会、第67届联合国大会、第14届法语国家组织峰会,并在洛美主持了西非经货联盟第16次峰会。2013年,福雷总统出席西共体第42届首脑会议,赴纽约主持召开《在维护国际和平与稳定的背景下打击非洲恐怖主义》的安理会高级别公开辩论会并通过安理会主席声明。2014年,福雷总统先后出席日本-西共体成员国首脑会议、第22届非盟首脑会议、第24届世界经济论坛非洲峰会、法语国家组织峰会等。2015年5月,福雷总统出席第47届西共体峰会,并赴利比里亚以西共体抗击埃博拉疫情协调人身份宣布利比里亚埃博拉疫情结束。9月,福雷总统出席西共体成员国首脑特别会议,并赴纽约出席联合国成立70周年系列峰会并在联大发表讲话。10月,迪塞外长代表多哥出席第三届印非峰会,其间会见印度外长。同月,多哥当选联合国人权理事会理事国,任期3年。2016年,福雷总统先后出席第26届非盟首脑会议、联合国开发计划署成立50周年纪念活动、联合国人权理事会第31届大会、第71届联合国大会。2017年1月,福雷总统出席第28届非盟峰会。6月,福雷总统赴利比里亚首都蒙罗维亚出席西共体第51次首脑会议,并当选西共体主席。12月,福雷总统以西共体轮值主席身份出席在尼日利亚首都阿布贾举行的第52届西共体峰会。2018年,福雷总统出席第30届、第31届非盟首脑会议,并赴南非参加金砖国家同非洲国家领导人对话会、赴美国参加第73届联合国大会,主办西共体特别峰会、西共体-中共体联合峰会。2019年2月,福雷总统赴加纳出席地区安全问题首脑峰会。

Togo has a good relationship with Burkina Faso. The two presidents have exchanged visits on many occasions. After more than a constitutional crisis in 2005, President Compaoré was elected as a mediator of many national political dialogues and successfully promoted the signing of a “package of political agreements” by the parties to the dialogue. In May 2010, President Compaoré attended the inauguration ceremony of President Foley. In December, President Foley attended the inauguration ceremony of President Compaoré. In May 2011, Foley made a working visit to the cloth. In April 2013, President Foley went to Buddhism to meet with President Conboré. In June, President Compaoré paid a working visit to Togo. In May 2014, President Foley visited Bu. After the “constitutional crisis” in October, President Foley actively participated in the mediation and attended the inauguration ceremony of the interim President Kafando in November. In May 2015, the Prime Minister of the Transitional Government of Zambia visited Zid. In December, President Foley went to Burkina Faso to attend the inauguration ceremony of the new President Kabore. In January 2016, President Foley sent a letter of condolences to President Kabore, expressing strong condemnation of the terrorist attack in Ouagadougou. In February, the foreign minister visited more. In August 2017, Prime Minister Krassu went to Burkina Faso to meet with President Kabore and handed over the letter of condolences from President Forre on the attack. In March 2018, President Foley went to Ouagadougou as the chairman of the Western Community to inspect the scene on March 2 and met with President Kabor.

Togo maintains good relations with other African countries. In 2010, President Foley received a number of visits from President Mali and visited Libya, Sudan, Rwanda and other countries. In 2011, President Foley visited Chad, Senegal, Uganda and other countries. In 2012, President Foley visited Senegal, Namibia and other countries. In 2013, President Forre received President Mali and the President of Côte d’Ivoire to visit Egypt and send troops to participate in military operations in Mali. In 2014, President Foley hosted a visit to the Guinea-Bissau president and visited Congo (Brazzaville), Niger, Côte d’Ivoire and Gabon. In 2015, President Foley visited Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Niger, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Congo (Brazzaville), Zimbabwe and other countries, Côte d’Ivoire President Ouattara, Congo (Brazza) President Sasso, and Chairman of the EC Committee Vidra Aoguo visited Togo. From January to June 2016, President Foley visited Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Zimbabwe, and President Kietta of Guinea and President Biss of Guinea-Bissau visited Togo. In July, President Foley went to Niger to attend the summit meeting of the member states of the Consultative Committee and took the chairmanship of the committee. In the same month, he went to Rwanda to attend the AU summit meeting, during which he met with the presidents of Rwanda, Congo (Brazzaville) and Egypt. In 2017, President Foley visited Egypt, Congo (Brazzaville), Liberia, Guinea, Zambia, Sierra Leone and went to Angola to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Lorenzo. In 2018, President Foley visited Guinea, Gabon, Côte d’Ivoire and attended the inauguration ceremony of the President of Liberia, the inauguration ceremony of the President of Sierra Leone, the 60th anniversary of the independence of Niger, and received the visiting Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau. In January 2019, President Foley visited Côte d’Ivoire.

Togo is actively involved in regional and international cooperation. In 2010, President Foley attended the 15th AU Summit and the Millennium Development Goals Africa Coordination Forum. In 2011, President Foley attended the WAEMU Summit, the 16th AU Summit, the 39th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS and the 37th FAO Conference, and in Lomé. Hosted the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly. In February 2012, at the initiative of Togo, the UN Security Council held an open debate on “Organized transnational crime affecting peace, security and stability in West Africa and the Sahel.” President Foley led a delegation to the United States. In 2012, President Foley attended the 18th AU Summit, the informal meeting of leaders of AU member states, the special summit of the ECOWAS, the 67th UN General Assembly, the 14th franchise organization summit, and in Lomé Hosted the 16th summit of the West African Economic and Monetary Union. In 2013, President Foley attended the 42nd Summit of the ECOWAS and went to New York to host the high-level open debate of the Security Council to combat African terrorism in the context of maintaining international peace and stability and adopted the presidential statement of the Security Council. In 2014, President Foley attended the summit of the Japan-ECOWAS member states, the 22nd AU Summit, the 24th World Economic Forum Africa Summit, and the Francophone Organization Summit. In May 2015, President Foley attended the 47th ECOWAS Summit and announced the end of the Ebola epidemic in Liberia in the capacity of the ECB to fight against the Ebola outbreak. In September, President Foley attended the special meeting of the heads of member states of the ECOWAS and went to New York to attend the series of summits of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations and delivered a speech at the UN General Assembly. In October, Foreign Minister Desai represented Togo at the Third India-Africa Summit, during which he met with the Indian Foreign Minister. In the same month, Togo was elected as a member of the UN Human Rights Council for a three-year term. In 2016, President Foley attended the 26th AU Summit, the 50th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations Development Programme, the 31st session of the UN Human Rights Council, and the 71st UN General Assembly. In January 2017, President Foley attended the 28th AU Summit. In June, President Foley attended the 51st Summit of the ECOWAS in Monrovia, the capital of Liberia, and was elected President of the ECOWAS. In December, President Foley attended the 52nd ECOWAS Summit in Abuja, Nigeria, as the rotating chairman of the Western Community. In 2018, President Foley attended the 30th and 31st AU Summits, went to South Africa to participate in the BRICS dialogue with African leaders, went to the United States to attend the 73rd UN General Assembly, hosted the special summit of the ECOWAS, ECOWAS-CCP Joint Summit. In February 2019, President Foley went to Ghana to attend the summit on regional security issues.