The Republic of Guinea 几内亚共和国
【国 名】 几内亚共和国（The Republic of Guinea, La République de Guinée）。
【面 积】 245857平方公里。
【人 口】 1240万（2016年）。全国有20多个民族，其中富拉族（又称颇尔族）约占全国人口的40%以上，马林凯族约占30%以上，苏苏族约占20%。官方语言为法语。各民族均有自己的语言，主要语种有苏苏语、马林凯语和富拉语（又称颇尔语）。全国约85%的居民信奉伊斯兰教，5%信奉基督教，其余信奉原始宗教。
【首 都】 科纳克里（Conakry），人口220万。
【国家元首】 总统阿尔法·孔戴（Alpha Condé），2010年11月当选，2015年10月连任，12月21日就职。
【简 况】 位于西非西岸，北邻几内亚比绍、塞内加尔和马里，东与科特迪瓦、南与塞拉利昂和利比里亚接壤，西濒大西洋。海岸线长约352公里。沿海地区为热带季风气候，内地为热带草原气候。年平均气温为24-32℃。
[Country name] The Republic of Guinea, La République de Guinée.
[area] 245,857 square kilometers.
[People] 12.4 million (2016). There are more than 20 ethnic groups in the country, of which the Fula (also known as Pall) accounts for more than 40% of the national population, the Malinkai account for more than 30%, and the Susu ethnic group accounts for about 20%. The official language is French. All ethnic groups have their own language, the main languages are Susu, Malinkai and Fula (also known as Pall). About 85% of the country’s residents believe in Islam, 5% believe in Christianity, and the rest believe in primitive religion.
[The capital] Conakry, with a population of 2.2 million.
[Head of State] President Alpha Condé, elected in November 2010, re-elected in October 2015, and took office on December 21.
[Important Festival] Independence Day: October 2nd.
[Brief] Located on the west coast of West Africa, bordering Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and Mali to the north, Côte d’Ivoire to the east, Sierra Leone and Liberia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The coastline is about 352 kilometers long. The coastal area has a tropical monsoon climate and the interior has a savanna climate. The annual average temperature is 24-32 °C.
The 9th-15th century was part of the Kingdom of Ghana and the Empire of Mali. Invaded by the Portuguese colonists in the 15th century, it was classified as a French sphere of influence by the Berlin Conference in 1885 and was named French Guinea in 1893. In the late 19th century, Samuel Dürr established the Kingdom of Urusuru and persisted in the struggle against the law. At the beginning of the 20th century, Alpha Yaya led a large-scale anti-French armed uprising. On September 28, 1958, he refused to stay in the French Community through a referendum. On October 2 of the same year, he declared independence and established the Republic of Guinea, and Segu Dul was president. Dürr was in power for a long time until his death in March 1984. In April of the same year, Colonel Lansana Conté launched a mutiny and established the Second Republic of Guinea. In 1992, several changes were made to the multiparty system. President Conte was elected in the first multi-party democratic presidential election held in December 1993 and was re-elected twice in 1998 and 2003. In December 2008, President Conte died of illness. The next day, some soldiers launched a coup and formed the transitional government in January 2009. In 2010, several military regimes announced that they would return to the government. In June and November of that year, two rounds of presidential elections were held, and the president of the Guinean People’s Union, Alpha Conde, won. President Conte was sworn in on December 21.
【政 治】 孔戴执政以来，实施“变革新政”，推行行政、司法和安全机构改革，政局总体保持稳定。2013年9月,几立法选举顺利举行。执政的几内亚人民联盟及其盟党赢得议会114席中的59席，反对党联盟获得52席，其余政党分获剩余3席。2014年1月，几新一届国民议会成立。2015年10月，几总统选举顺利举行。孔戴获得57.85%的选票，连任总统，12月，孔戴举行总统就职仪式。2016年1月，孔戴签署总统令，宣布成立新一届政府。2018年2月举行地方选举，此后反对党多次游行示威。5月，孔戴改组政府，任命易卜拉希马·卡索里·福法纳为总理。
【宪 法】 2008年12月几军事政变后，几军政权中止实施1990年宪法。2010年5月，几军政权领导人、代总统科纳特署令实施经几全国过渡委员会（代议会）修改的过渡期宪法，规定总统任期为5年，最多只能担任2个任期。
【议 会】 实行一院制，共114席，议员任期5年。本届议会成立于2014年1月，各党在议会中席位分配为：人民联盟—彩虹联盟53席，民主力量同盟37席，共和力量同盟10席，全国发展希望党2席，进步同盟2席，其余10个小党各得1席。议长克洛德·科里·昆迪亚诺（Claude Kory KOUNDIANO），2014年1月当选。
【政 府】 本届政府成立于2018年5月，成员名单如下：总理易卜拉希马·卡索里·福法纳(Ibrahima Kassory FOFANA)，总统事务和国防国务部长穆罕默德·迪亚内(Mohamed DIANE)，司法和掌玺国务部长谢赫·萨科(Cheick SAKO)，旅游、旅馆和手工业国务部长蒂亚诺·奥斯曼·迪亚洛(Thierno Ousmane DIALLO)，工业、中小企业国务部长蒂布·卡马拉(Tibou CAMARA)，交通国务部长阿布—巴卡尔·西拉(Aboubacar SYLLA),卫生国务部长爱德华·尼昂科耶·拉马(Dr Edouard Nyankoye LAMAH),环境、水域和森林国务部长奥耶·吉拉沃吉(Oyé GUILAVOGUI)，国土管理和权力下放部长布雷马·孔戴(Bouréma CONDE)，外交和海外侨民部长马马迪·杜尔(Mamadi TOURE)，计划和国际合作部长坎妮·迪亚洛(Kanny DIALLO，女)，经济和财政部长马马迪·卡马拉(Mamadi CAMARA)，公民意识和国家团结部长卡利法·加萨马·迪亚比(Kalifa Gassama DIABY)，公共工程部长穆斯塔法·奈特(Moustapha NAITE),能源和水电部长谢赫·塔利比·西拉(Cheick Talibé SYLLA)，高等教育和科研部长阿卜杜拉耶·耶罗·巴尔德(Abdoulaye Yéro BALDE)，矿产和地质部长阿卜杜拉耶·马加苏巴(Abdoulaye MAGASSOUBA)，城市和国土整治部长易卜拉希马·库鲁马(Ibrahima KOUROUMA)，体育、文化和历史遗产部长塞努西·邦塔马·索乌(Sanoussy Bantama SOW)，青年和青年就业部长莫克塔·迪亚洛(Mouctar DIALLO),邮政、电信和数字经济部长穆斯塔法·马米·迪亚比(Moustapha Mamy DIABY)，公职、国家改革和行政现代化部长比伊·南库马·敦布亚（Billy Nankouma DOUMBOUYA），预算部长伊斯梅尔·迪乌巴特(Ismaël DIOUBATE),安全和民事保护部长阿尔法·易卜拉希马·凯拉(Alpha Ibrahima KEIRA)，贸易部长阿布—巴卡尔·巴里(Aboubacar BARRY),社会行动、妇女和儿童促进部长迪亚比·玛丽亚马·西拉(Diaby Mariama SYLLA，女)，国民教育和扫盲部长莫里·桑加雷(Mory SANGARE)，技术教育、职业培训、就业和劳工部长兰萨纳·科马拉(Lansana KOMARA)、投资和公私伙伴关系部长加布里埃尔·屈尔蒂斯(Gabriel CURTIS),合作和非洲一体化部长杰内·凯塔(Djené KEITA，女)，农业部长马丽亚马·卡马拉(Mariama CAMARA，女)，渔业、水产和海洋经济部长弗雷德里克·洛瓦(Frédéric LOUA)，信息和新闻部长阿马拉·松帕雷(Amara SOMPARE),石油天然气部长迪亚卡里亚·库利巴利(Diakaria KOULIBALY),畜牧业部长罗歇·帕特里克·米利莫诺(Roger Patrick MILLIMONO)。
[Politics] Since Condé was in power, he has implemented the “New Deal of Change” and implemented reforms in administrative, judicial, and security institutions. The political situation has remained generally stable. In September 2013, several legislative elections were successfully held. The ruling Guinean People’s Union and its Allies won 59 of the 114 seats in the parliament, 52 of the opposition coalitions, and the remaining 3 parties. In January 2014, several new national assemblies were established. In October 2015, several presidential elections were successfully held. Conte won 57.85% of the votes and was re-elected as president. In December, Conte held the presidential inauguration ceremony. In January 2016, Conte signed a presidential decree and announced the establishment of a new government. Local elections were held in February 2018, after which the opposition party staged several demonstrations. In May, Conte reshuffled the government and appointed Ibrahima Kasori Fifana as Prime Minister.
In March 2014, several outbreaks of Ebola virus disease caused huge impacts in several political, economic and social fields. On December 29, 2015, the World Health Organization announced the end of several Ebola epidemics. During the subsequent 90-day intensive monitoring period, 7 cases of Ebola confirmed infection and 3 suspected cases were reported again. On June 1, 2016, the World Health Organization announced the end of the second Ebola outbreak. The epidemic caused more than 3,700 infections and more than 2,000 deaths.
[Constitution] After several military coups in December 2008, several military regimes suspended the implementation of the 1990 Constitution. In May 2010, several military regime leaders and acting president Konat ordered the implementation of a transitional constitution that was amended by several National Transitional Councils (parliamentary assemblies), stipulating that the president’s term of office would be five years and could only serve for up to two terms.
[Parliament] A one-chamber system is implemented with a total of 114 seats. Members are elected for a term of five years. The current parliament was established in January 2014. The seats of the various parties in the parliament were divided into: the People’s Alliance – Rainbow League 53 seats, the Democratic Forces Alliance 37 seats, the Republican Power League 10 seats, the National Development Hope Party 2 seats, the Progressive Alliance 2 seats, The remaining 10 small parties each have one seat. Speaker Claude Kory KOUNDIANO, elected in January 2014.
[Government] The current government was established in May 2018. The list of members is as follows: Prime Minister Ibrahima Kassory FOFANA, Minister of State for National Defense and Defense Mohamed Diane (Mohamed) DIANE), Minister of Justice and Palmation, Cheick SAKO, Minister of State for Tourism, Hotels and Handicrafts, Thierno Ousmane DIALLO, Minister of Industry, SMEs, Tib Tibou CAMARA, Minister of State for Transport Aboubacar SYLLA, Minister of Health Minister Dr Edouard Nyankoye LAMAH, Minister of State for the Environment, Waters and Forests Oyé GUILAVOGUI, Minister of Homeland Management and Decentralization, Bouréma Conde, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese, Mamadi TOURE, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, Canni · Kanny DIALLO (female), Minister of Economy and Finance Mamadi CAMARA, Minister of Citizenship and National Solidarity, Kalifa Gassama DIABY, public Minister of Engineering Moustapha NAITE, Minister of Energy and Hydropower Cheick Talibé SYLLA, Minister of Higher Education and Research Abdullah Yero Bald ( Abdoulaye Yéro BALDE), Minister of Minerals and Geology Abdoulaye MAGASSOUBA, Minister of Urban and Land Remediation Ibrahima KOUROUMA, Minister of Sports, Culture and Historical Heritage Sanoussy Bantama SOW, Minister of Youth and Youth Employment Mouctar DIALLO, Minister of Post, Telecommunications and Digital Economy Mustafa Mami Dia (Moustapha Mamy DIABY), Minister of Public Service, National Reform and Administrative Modernization Billy Nankouma DOUMBOUYA, Budget Minister Ismaël DIOUBATE, Safety and Civil Protection Minister Alpha Ibrahima KEIRA, Trade Minister Aboubacar BARRY, Minister of Social Action, Women and Children’s Promotion Diaby Mariama SY LLA, female), Minister of National Education and Literacy Mory SANGARE, Minister of Technical Education, Vocational Training, Employment and Labour Lansana KOMARA, Minister of Investment and Public-Private Partnership Gabri Gabriel CURTIS, Minister of Cooperation and African Integration, Djené KEITA (female), Minister of Agriculture Mariama CAMARA (female), fisheries, fisheries And Marine Economy Minister Frédéric LOUA, Information and Information Minister Amara SOMPARE, Oil and Gas Minister Diakaria KOULIBALY, Animal Husbandry Minister Roger Patrick MILLIMONO.
【政 党】 1992年4月实行多党制。现有124个合法政党。主要政党情况如下：
（1）几内亚人民联盟（Rassemblement du Peuple de Guinée）：执政党。始建于1963年。1992年4月3日注册登记，成为合法政党。成员多为马林凯族人。政党宗旨：将几内亚人民从一切形式的压迫中解放出来，团结全体人民，以平等、博爱为基础，建设民主自由社会，实现国家统一、民族独立、经济繁荣和社会公正。该联盟候选人阿尔法·孔戴（Alpha Condé）于2010年11月当选总统。2012年4月，几内亚人民联盟联合44个政党组成执政联盟几内亚人民联盟-彩虹联盟（RPG-Arc-en-Ciel）。现任总书记萨卢姆·西塞（Saloum CISSÉ），2013年9月当选国民议会议员，2014年1月当选副议长。
（2）几内亚民主力量同盟（Union des Forces Démocratiques de Guinée）：反对党。成立于1991年9月。政党宗旨：在实现社会团结和民族和解的基础上，建立民主和法制国家，使国家摆脱贫困，实现可持续发展，保障全体公民的合法权利和自由。主席塞卢·达兰·迪亚洛（Cellou Dalein DIALLO），曾于2004年至2006年任总理。在2010年6月首轮总统选举中获43.69%的选票，但在第二轮选举中败选。2013年9月当选国民议会议员。
（3）几内亚共和力量同盟（Union des Forces Républicaines）：反对党。成立于1992年。政党宗旨：实现民族和解，建立民主、多元化社会，改变国家政治、经济和社会三重落后面貌。主席西迪亚· 杜尔（Sidya Touré），曾于1996年至1999年任总理。2013年9月当选国民议会议员。
（4）几内亚进步复兴联盟（Union du Progrès et du Renouveau）：参政党。由原反对党新共和同盟和复兴进步党于1998年9月15日合并而成。成员多为颇尔族人。政党宗旨：在尊重自由、保障多党民主的基础上，建立三权分立的法制国家，加强民族团结和社会凝聚力，反对一切形式的种族中心主义和地方主义，以实现人的可持续发展和全民福祉的目标，全面推进经济、社会和文化建设。主席奥斯曼·巴（Ousmane BAH），现任总统府部长级特别顾问。
[Administrative Division] It is divided into three levels: large district, province and special district. There are 7 major districts and 1 capital Conakry city (same level as the regional), 33 provinces and 304 special zones.
[Judiciary] It is divided into two categories: ordinary courts and special courts. The ordinary courts include the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the Court of First Instance and the Magistrate Court. The Supreme Court consists of three courts: constitutional and administrative, civil, criminal, business and social affairs, as well as auditing. Special courts include special supreme courts, military courts and labor courts.
[Political Party] A multiparty system was implemented in April 1992. There are 124 legal parties. The main political parties are as follows:
(1) Rassemblement du Peuple de Guinée: The ruling party. It was founded in 1963. Registered on April 3, 1992, became a legitimate political party. Most of the members are Malinkai. The purpose of the party is to liberate the Guinean people from all forms of oppression, unite the entire people, build a democratic and free society based on equality and fraternity, and achieve national unity, national independence, economic prosperity and social justice. The league’s candidate, Alpha Condé, was elected president in November 2010. In April 2012, the Guinean People’s Union and 44 political parties formed the ruling coalition of the Guinean People’s Union-Rainbow Union (RPG-Arc-en-Ciel). The current general secretary, Saloum CISSÉ, was elected to the National Assembly in September 2013 and was elected Vice-President in January 2014.
(2) Union des Forces Démocratiques de Guinée: Opposition. Established in September 1991. The purpose of the political party: on the basis of achieving social solidarity and national reconciliation, establish a democratic and legal state, free the country from poverty, achieve sustainable development, and guarantee the legal rights and freedoms of all citizens. Chairman Cellou Dalein DIALLO, served as Prime Minister from 2004 to 2006. In the first round of presidential elections in June 2010, 43.69% of the votes were won, but they were defeated in the second round of elections. In September 2013, he was elected to the National Assembly.
(3) Union des Forces Républicaines: Opposition. Founded in 1992. The purpose of the party: to achieve national reconciliation, to build a democratic and pluralistic society, to change the country’s political, economic and social trilogy. Chairman Sidya Touré, who served as prime minister from 1996 to 1999. In September 2013, he was elected to the National Assembly.
(4) Union du Progrès et du Renouveau: Participating parties. It was formed by the merger of the former opposition New Republic Alliance and the Renaissance Progressive Party on September 15, 1998. Most of the members are Palls. The purpose of the party: on the basis of respecting freedom and guaranteeing multi-party democracy, establishing a legal system with separate powers, strengthening national unity and social cohesion, opposing all forms of ethnocentrism and localism, in order to achieve sustainable development and universality for all. Welfare’s goal is to comprehensively promote economic, social and cultural development. Chairman Ousmane BAH, the current ministerial special adviser to the Presidential Palace.
【经 济】 系最不发达国家。经济以农业、矿业为主，工业基础薄弱，粮食不能自给。自然资源丰富，有“地址奇迹”之称。铝、铁矿储藏大、品味高，其中铝矿探明储量居世界第一。此外还有钻石、黄金、铜、铀、钴、铅、锌等。水利资源丰富，是西非三大河流发源地，有“西非水塔”之称。可耕地600万公顷，其中80%未开垦，农业发展条件得天独厚。
[Important] President Alpha Condé (Alpha CONDÉ): Born in 1938, the Malinkai, believe in Islam. He studied in France in the early years and obtained a doctorate in law. He has taught at French universities for a long time. In the 1960s, during his studies in France, he joined the political movement and founded the Labor Party. In 1988, he was renamed the Guinean People’s Union and served as the party chairman. He has participated in the presidential election twice. In 1995, he was elected to the National Assembly. He was arrested by the authorities during the 1998 election and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Released in advance in 2001, he immediately fled to France. After several coups in 2008, I returned a few. He was elected president in November 2010 and re-elected in October 2015.
[Economy] is the least developed country. The economy is dominated by agriculture and mining, the industrial base is weak, and food cannot be self-sufficient. Rich in natural resources, it is known as the “address miracle”. Aluminum and iron ore are large in storage and high in taste. Among them, the proven reserves of aluminum ore rank first in the world. In addition, there are diamonds, gold, copper, uranium, cobalt, lead, zinc and so on. It is rich in water resources and is the birthplace of the three major rivers in West Africa. It is also known as the “Water Tower of West Africa”. The arable land is 6 million hectares, 80% of which are not open, and the conditions for agricultural development are unique.
The Conde government attaches great importance to increasing water and electricity supply in major cities, vigorously developing agriculture, strengthening infrastructure construction, strengthening management and control of resource development, and restoring economic growth. During the second term of President Conté, he formulated the “2016-2020 National Economic and Social Development Plan”, strengthened macroeconomic regulation and control, and actively sought international support.
The main economic data for 2017 are as follows:
Gross domestic product (GDP): $9.2 billion.
Per capita GDP: $ 724.
Gross domestic product growth rate: 6.7%.
Currency name: Franco guinéen.
Exchange rate: 1 US dollar = 7014 Guinea Franc.
Inflation rate: 8.9%.
(Source: May 2018 Economic Quarterly Review)
[Financial Finance] As of the end of 2017, several foreign exchange reserves were approximately $331 million.
(Source: International Monetary Fund Country Status Report and Economic Quarterly Review)
[Foreign Trade] The main export products are gold, bauxite, diamonds, alumina and so on. The main imported commodities are chemical products, machinery and equipment, petroleum products, agricultural products, food, tobacco and so on. In 2016, exports to China accounted for 28.5% of total exports, Ghana 20.9%, Switzerland 11.7%; imports from the Netherlands accounted for 7.3% of total imports, China 6.8%, India 6.3%, Belgium 4.4%.
(Source: May 2018 Economic Quarterly Review)
[Foreign Capital] In 2011, foreign direct investment amounted to US$367 million.
【军 事】 1958年11月成立人民军，后改称几内亚武装力量。总统是最高军事统帅，行使任免军事人员、对外宣战等权力。国防部作为军事行政主管，直接隶属总统府。
【文化教育】 1984年5月起实行教育改革，规定法语为教学语言，允许私人开办学校。2004年，全国共有小学6140所，教员2.5万人，学生114.7万人，入学率为77%；中学615所，教员 8886人，在校学生34万人，入学率估计为20.1%；高等院校13所，在校生2.2万人，教员853人。2011至2014年，几共新建教室5098间，修缮400间，新招收教师1447人。2010至2014年，几小学注册率从82%提高至88%，入学率提高至86%。
[Foreign Aid] According to the statistics of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, in 2010 and 2011, respectively, foreign aid received 218 million and 208 million (US dollar, the same below), of which the EU provided 63 million, the International Development Association (IDA) 56 million, France 8400 Wan (including the French Development Agency 32 million), the United States 20 million, Germany 14 million, the global fund 11 million, the Islamic Development Bank 10 million, UNICEF 8 million, Japan 6 million. On September 26, 2012, the IMF and the Paris Club were exempted from a few governments of $2.1 billion and $356 million respectively. In December 2014, World Bank President Kim Min Jong visited Guinea and said that he would continue to help fight the Ebola outbreak and support economic recovery after several epidemics. In April 2015, the International Monetary Fund announced that it would waive its equivalent debt in the form of a grant of $29.8 million. The World Bank announced that it will provide 650 million U.S. dollars in support to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in the next 12 to 18 months. The total amount of non-anti-epidemic activities of the World Bank is US$1.62 billion. In addition, the World Bank also exempted the three countries from 2.17 billion US dollars in debt, of which Guinea was 1,098.5 million US dollars. In May, the West African Economic Community announced the exemption of several $20 million in debt to support its post-epidemic economic reconstruction. In October, France announced at the “Anti-Ebola Experience” meeting that the law will provide 174 million euros for post-invasive reconstruction in the next three years for health systems, education and human resources training, water supply and power supply facilities. The Law Development Agency provided a total of 11 million euros in aid to the development of several educational undertakings in 2015-2017. In November 2017, several law raising conferences were held in France for the National Economic and Social Development Plan 2016-2020, with a total commitment of about 20 billion US dollars, of which the World Bank is about 1.6 billion US dollars, the Islamic Development Bank is about 1.4 billion US dollars, Africa. The development bank is about $725 million. In September 2018, the World Bank announced that it would provide US$60 million in budget support this year to help improve administrative capacity and improve the investment environment. From 2018 to 2023, it will provide 1.5 billion US dollars to give priority to agriculture, industry, and basic services. Youth employment, technology, finance and other areas of development. In 2018, the French Development Agency provided various types of support to several hundred euros.
[People’s Life] According to the 2017 Human Development Report published by the United Nations Development Program, the Human Development Index ranks 183th out of 188 countries. 53% of the population lives below the poverty line, and 2.4 million residents cannot solve the problem of food and clothing. There are 884 health service stations, 412 health centers, 43 public hospitals, 344 private health care institutions and 329 private pharmacies across the country. The maternal and infant mortality rates are 0.61% and 11.7% respectively. On average, there is one doctor per 10,000 people. In 2012, the average life expectancy was 54.5 years. In 2010, there were 18,000 fixed telephones, 4 million mobile phones, and 95,000 Internet users.
[Military] The People’s Army was established in November 1958 and later renamed the Guinean Armed Forces. The President is the supreme military commander, exercising the powers of appointing and dismissing military personnel and declaring war on the outside. As the military executive, the Ministry of National Defense is directly attached to the presidential palace.
Several armed forces consist of the Field Army, the Gendarmerie and the Republican Guard. The total strength of the field army is 20,000, including 18,000 Army, 1,500 Navy, and 500 Air Force. There are 1,800 gendarmerie and 1,600 republican guards. The current Chief of Staff of the Three Armies, Brigadier General Namory Traoré (inaugurated in February 2013).
[Cultural Education] Since May 1984, education reform has been implemented, which stipulates that French is the language of instruction and allows private schools to be opened. In 2004, there were 6,140 primary schools in the country, with 25,000 faculty members and 1.147 million students, with an enrollment rate of 77%. There were 615 secondary schools, 8886 faculty members, and 340,000 students enrolled. The enrollment rate is estimated to be 20.1%. There are 13 students, 22,000 students and 853 teachers. From 2011 to 2014, a total of 5,098 new classrooms were built, 400 were repaired, and 1,447 new teachers were recruited. From 2010 to 2014, the registration rate of several primary schools increased from 82% to 88%, and the enrollment rate increased to 86%.
The University of Conakry is the highest institution, established in 1962 and divided into three disciplines: social sciences, natural sciences and biological sciences.
[Press and Publication] There are currently more than 250 kinds of news publications, and more than 10 kinds of newspapers are published regularly, basically weekly magazines. The Free Press is an official French newspaper. Private newspapers with large circulations include “猞猁”, “Ningba”, “Diplomatic Daily”, “Observer”, “Independent” and so on.
The National Radio of Guinea is an official radio station that broadcasts in-house in French, Fula, Malinkai and Susu, and broadcasts in English and French.
The National Television of Guinea was the official television station and was launched in 1977.
【同美国的关系】 美是几主要援助国之一。1998年以来，美对几援助总额逾2亿美元。2008年12月几军事政变后，美国予以谴责并一度中止对几援助。2010年初，美向几提供了价值600万美元的各种援助用于筹备大选, 并在大选期间派员观察。2010年底几顺利完成政治过渡后，美几恢复正常往来。2011年7月，孔戴总统应邀赴美访问。2012年12月，美国与几方签署协议，免除所有几对美双边债务总计9300万美元。2014年8月，孔戴总统赴美出席首届美非领导人峰会。2015年4月，孔戴总统对美国进行工作访问，同塞拉利昂、利比里亚总统一同会见奥巴马总统，介绍了埃博拉疫情形势和疫后重建规划。2017年5月，孔戴总统赴沙特阿拉伯首都利雅得出席美国—伊斯兰国家安全峰会。2018年11月，孔戴总统会见来访的美国负责非洲事务的助理国务卿纳吉。
[External Relations] Pursuing a foreign policy of good-neighborly friendship, non-alignment, full openness and independence, emphasizing diplomacy as a service for development. We are willing to develop friendly and cooperative relations with all countries on the basis of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect. It advocates strengthening solidarity and cooperation among African countries and actively participating in the construction of the African Union. Attach importance to developing relations with Western countries such as the European Union and the United States in order to obtain international support and assistance. Focus on developing relations with Asian countries such as China and Arab countries. He is currently a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Organization of la Francophonie, the African Union (AU), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the West African Economic and Monetary Union, and the Mano River Union. Established diplomatic relations with more than 110 countries. President Conte is currently the coordinator of the African Renewable Energy Initiative.
[Relationship with France] Established diplomatic relations with France in 1963. In 1965, several government accusations were implicated in the “anti-conspiracy” and the two sides announced that they had broken diplomatic relations. In 1975, the two countries resumed diplomatic relations. The law is the largest aid country and has provided a large amount of investment and assistance to several years. After several military coups in December 2008, the law stated that he had abide by the Constitution and maintained certain contacts with the military regime. After several presidential elections in November 2010, the law announced that it would resume normal cooperation with several countries. In December, Minister of Foreign Affairs, EU and Cooperation, Delangu, attended the inauguration ceremony of President Conte. In March 2011, President Conte visited France and met with French President Nicolas Sarkozy. The French government provided 5 million euros in aid. In May, President Conte, as a special guest of President Sarkozy, went to France to attend the G8 summit. In July 2012, President Conte visited France and held talks with French President Hollande. Austria expressed support for several economic and social reforms. In December 2013, President Conte went to France to attend the French-African Summit. In November 2014, French President Hollande visited several times, the first head of state outside Africa to visit after the Ebola outbreak. President Conté has visited France more than 10 times since taking office. In May 2017, President Conte sent a congratulatory message to the newly elected President of the French New York. In November, President Conte went to France to attend the fundraising meeting of the National Economic and Social Development Plan for 2016-2020 in Guinea. In November 2018, President Conte went to France to attend the 100th anniversary of the end of World War I.
After several outbreaks of Ebola, France promised to provide 140 million euros in assistance to complete the transformation and operation management of several capitals of Dongka Hospital, and to build Pasteur Laboratory, two Ebola treatment centers, and a transshipment center. And a training center.
[Relationship with the United States] The United States is one of the major donors. Since 1998, the total amount of aid to the United States has exceeded 200 million U.S. dollars. After several military coups in December 2008, the United States condemned and once suspended several aids. At the beginning of 2010, the United States provided various assistance worth $6 million to prepare for the general election and sent personnel to observe during the election. After the successful completion of the political transition at the end of 2010, the United States resumed normal exchanges. In July 2011, President Conte was invited to visit the United States. In December 2012, the United States signed an agreement with several parties to waive all US-to-US bilateral debt totaling $93 million. In August 2014, President Conte went to the United States to attend the first US-Africa Leaders Summit. In April 2015, President Conte paid a working visit to the United States and met with Presidents of Sierra Leone and Liberia to meet with President Obama to introduce the situation of Ebola and post-epidemic reconstruction planning. In May 2017, President Conte attended the US-Islamic National Security Summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In November 2018, President Conte met with visiting US Assistant Secretary of State for Africa, Najib.
[Relationship with Japan] In recent years, the relationship has developed rapidly. From 1978 to 2005, the total amount of assistance provided to the company was approximately 555 million US dollars. In 2006, the Japanese government assisted a few 22 billion francs to implement the Conakry municipal water supply project. In 2007, Japan provided assistance to several companies for approximately $10 million. During several political transitions, the Japanese provided 13,000 ballot boxes and signed an agreement with the United Nations Women’s Fund to provide $1.3 million to improve the health of several women and children. In 2010 and 2011, Japan provided $5.8 million and $1 million in food aid respectively. In April and August 2012, Japan provided two million US dollars of food aid to the two. In June 2014, Japan provided a total of $2.8 million in funding for several assistance projects for the United Nations system. In 2013 and 2016, President Conté went to Japan and Kenya to attend the 5th Tokyo International Conference on African Development. In June 2017, President Conte made his first official visit to Japan.
[Relationship with neighboring countries] Emphasis on developing friendly and cooperative relations with neighboring countries and playing an active role in the ECOWAS, the Niger River Basin Organization, the Mano River Union, the Gambia River Development Organization and the Senegal River Basin Development Organization.
In June 2012, the 21st Summit of the Mano River Union (Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea) was held in Conakry, several capitals. In May 2014, the 23rd summit of the alliance was held in Conakry. The four countries held consultations on promoting regional integration and preventing and controlling the Ebola epidemic. Conde was elected as the rotating chairman for a term of one year. On June 24, 2016, the Mano River Union 24th Summit was held in Conakry, Guinea. The meeting reviewed the relevant work report of the alliance and discussed issues such as the restructuring of the alliance secretariat, the Ebola post-epidennial development plan, and the regional security situation.
In 2006, several joined the Senegal River Basin Development Organization. In March 2015, the 16th Summit of the Senegal River Basin Development Organization was held in Conakry, and President Conte was appointed as the new rotating chairman for a two-year term.
In 1986, Sierra Leone and Liberia signed the Mano River Union Treaty on non-aggression and security cooperation. Since April 1999, several armed conflicts have occurred in the border areas between Li and Se, and several other parties have accused each other of supporting their anti-government armed forces. After the end of the civil war, the relationship between the two countries gradually improved. Sierra Leone has always maintained good relations. In December 2010, President Seymour Koroma and President Sirleaf attended the inauguration ceremony of President Conte. In July 2011, President Conte visited Liberia and attended the 20th Mano River Union Summit. In October 2011 and February 2013, President Koroma made a friendly working visit to several countries. In January 2012, Conte went to Lee to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Sirleaf. In August, Liberia’s President Sirleaf visited a few. On April 30, 2013, President Conte went to Liberia to attend the 22nd Summit of the Mano River Union. In March 2015, President Conte led a diplomacy, health, budget and other ministers to visit Liberia and held talks with Lee President Sirleaf.
In 1978, several re-interacting ambassadors with Senegal and Côte d’Ivoire and signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation. In December 2010, Serbian President Wade went to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Conte. In January 2011, President Conte visited Serbia. In February 2012, Prime Minister Ndiaye visited a few. In April, Conte went to Cyprus to attend the inauguration ceremony of the new President Saale. In December, President Saale visited a few. In August 2015, President Conte visited Serbia and met with President Saale. President Saale also awarded Condé’s President Senegal Cross.
In May 2011, President Conte went to the branch to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Ouattara. In December, President Ouattara paid a working visit to several. In February 2012, Prime Minister Solo visited a few. In the same month, President Conte attended the special summit of the ECOWAS. In February 2013, Conte went to the branch to attend the 42nd Summit of the ECOWAS. In May 2015, President Conte visited several border cities and unveiled the new “Bo-Ai Bridge” with President Ouattara.
In March and October 2014, President Kietta of Mali visited the two times and was warmly welcomed by several parties. In May 2015, President Conte visited Mali and attended the signing ceremony of the Mali National Peaceful Reconciliation Agreement. In February 2017, several presidential and AU rotating presidents, Kong Da, went to Malaysia to attend the special summit of the five countries of the Sahel. In September 2018, President Conte went to Bamako to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Kietta of Mali.
In April 2012, after the Colombian Bissau military launched a coup, President Conte actively participated in the mediation as a Western Community mediator. In June 2014, President Conte attended the inauguration ceremony of the newly elected President José Mario Vas of Guinea-Bissau. Since then, he has actively promoted the Conakry Agreement for the settlement of the domestic political crisis. In May 2017, Guinea-Bissau President Gas visited several times and the two sides exchanged views on the implementation of the agreement.
In January 2015, Niger President Isuf and Benin President Yayi jointly visited several times to show their support for the fight against the Ebola epidemic. In the same month, South African President Zuma visited a few. In February, Togo’s President and the ECOWAS Anti-Ebola Epidemic Area Foley led a delegation of the ECOWAS delegation to support President Conte’s fight against the Ebola outbreak. In August, President Conte visited Niger and met with Nepali President Yusuf to exchange views on security in the West African region and post-Ebola development.
In January 2017, President Conte went to the Gambia to mediate the post-election crisis.
[Relationship with other countries] Several emphasis on developing relations with Arab countries. In June 2007, Libyan leader Gaddafi visited a few. In the same month, several Prime Ministers Kuyat visited Morocco. In January 2009, Libyan leader Gaddafi visited a few times and expressed support for several military regimes. In January 2011, President Conte visited Li. In August 2012, President Conte was invited to visit Saudi Arabia and attend the fourth special summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. In October, President Conte visited Saudi Arabia again and went to Hajj in Mecca. In December 2013, the 40th Islamic Organization Foreign Ministers Meeting was held in Conakry, several capitals. In March 2014, King Mohammed VI of Morocco led a delegation. In November 2014, President Conte went to Morocco to attend the 5th Global Entrepreneur Summit and met with entrepreneurs. In March 2017, King Mohammed VI visited a few. In January 2015, the President of Mauritania made a five-hour working visit to several. In September, President Conte visited the UAE. In May 2017, President Conte paid a working visit to Egypt.
From June 16 to 18, 2016, Guinean President Conte visited Russia and attended the 20th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. They met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon respectively, and attended the “Russia and Africa” round-table dialogue. From November 14th to 19th, President Conte went to Morocco to attend the 22nd United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP22), met with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and King Mohammed VI of Morocco to host the African Renewable Energy Initiative (IAER). Attended the first African Action Summit. From December 25th to 28th, President Conte visited Turkey and met with Turkish President Erdogan to meet with Speaker Kahraman and Deputy Prime Minister Kim Sheikh. In April 2017, President Conte went to Turkey to attend the Turkey-Africa Agriculture Forum.