The Republic of Equatorial Guinea 赤道几内亚共和国
【国 名】 赤道几内亚共和国（The Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial）。
【面 积】 28051平方公里（其中大陆部分26017平方公里，岛屿2034平方公里）。
【首 都】 马拉博（Malabo），位于比奥科岛，人口约21万。年平均气温25℃。
【国家元首】 总统特奥多罗·奥比昂·恩圭马·姆巴索戈（Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo），1979年任最高军事委员会主席和国家元首，1982年任总统，1989年、1996年、2002年、2009年、2016年5次连任。
【简 况】 位于非洲中西部，西临大西洋，北邻喀麦隆，东、南与加蓬接壤。海岸线长482公里。属热带雨林气候，年平均气温24～26℃。
[Country name] The Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial).
[Dimensions] 28,051 square kilometers (including 26,017 square kilometers on the mainland and 2034 square kilometers on the island).
[People] 1.3 million (2018). The main ethnic groups are aromatics (about 85% of the population) distributed on the mainland and the Bubi ethnic group (about 6.5% of the population) living on Bioko Island. The official language is Spanish, French is the second official language, and Portuguese is the third official language. The national language is mainly Fang and Bubi. 82% of residents believe in Catholicism and 15% believe in Islam.
[Capital] Malabo, located on Bioko Island, has a population of approximately 210,000. The annual average temperature is 25 °C.
[Head of State] President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Chairman of the Supreme Military Council and Head of State in 1979, President in 1982, 1989, 1996 In 2002, 2009, and 2016, they were re-elected five times.
[Important Festival] Free Coup Day (August 3); Constitution Day (August 15th); Independence Day (October 12th).
[Brief] Located in the central and western part of Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Cameroon to the north, and Gabon to the east and south. The coastline is 482 kilometers long. It has a tropical rainforest climate with an average annual temperature of 24 to 26 °C.
From 1471 to 1778, Portugal occupied the islands of Annoben, Bioko and Corisco. In 1778, Portugal divided the Ogowe River (now in Gabon), including the above three islands, into the Spanish sphere of the Niger River. In 1845, Spain established colonial rule in Equatorial Guinea. In January 1964, Equatorial Guinea implemented “internal autonomy.” On October 12, 1968, he officially declared independence and established the Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Masie Nguima was the president. On August 3, 1979, the Deputy Minister of the National Revolutionary Armed Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Obiang, launched a military coup, overthrew the Masier regime, and established the Supreme Military Council headed by Austria.
【政 治】 奥比昂执政以来，积极致力于维护稳定和发展经济。其领导的民主党先后在1993年、1999年、2004年、2008年和2015年五次议会选举中获压倒多数席位。近年，奥比昂继续奉行民族和解和政治多元化政策，改组内阁、严惩腐败、整顿吏治，以提高公共行政效率。加快基础设施建设，扩大农业、教育和医疗的投入。2011年11月，赤几举行全民公投，通过了以限制总统任期、设立副总统职位和参议院等为主要内容的宪法改革方案。2012年2月，奥比昂正式签署法令颁布新宪法。2013年5月26日举行议会和市政选举，执政的民主党领导的竞选联盟以绝对优势赢得选举。2014年11月，召开第五次全国政治对话会议。2015年4月，奥比昂宣布解散并改组政府，精简机构。5月，落实第五次全国政治对话会议成果，修订《政党法》、《总统选举法》、《全民公决、市政和两院选举法》、《游行、集会自由法》、《政党融资法》等法律。2016年4月24日赤几举行总统大选，奥比昂以93.7%的得票率赢得总统选举，5月20日宣誓就职，任期7年。2017年11月，举行议会和市政选举，执政的民主党领导的竞选联盟以绝对优势赢得选举。2018年1月3日，政府宣布2017年12月24日挫败一起外国雇佣兵越境事件。7月，召开第六次全国政治对话会议。10月，举行独立50周年盛大庆典。
【宪 法】 1982年6月通过，1991年11月修订，2011年11月再次修订。宪法规定：赤几实行共和制，是一个独立、民主、统一的国家。立法、司法、行政三权分立。共和国总统为国家元首和政府首脑，体现民族团结并代表国家，经全民直接选举产生，任期7年，最多可连任一届。
【议 会】 原称人民代表院，是国家最高立法机构。2011年11月新宪法将议会分为参议院和众议院。参议院议员70名，其中55名由直接选举产生，15名由总统任命，任期5年；众议院议员100名，由直接选举产生，任期5年。2017年11月选举产生新一届两院议员，民主党领导的竞选联盟赢得55个参议院席位、99个众议院席位和全部市政议员席位，反对党创新公民党赢得1个众议院席位。参议长为玛丽亚·特蕾莎·埃弗阿·阿桑戈诺（Maria Teresa Efua Asangono），众议长为高登西奥·穆哈巴·梅苏（Gaudencio Muhaba Mesu）。
[Politics] Since Obiang has been in power, he has been actively committed to maintaining stability and developing the economy. The Democratic Party under its leadership won an overwhelming majority of seats in the five parliamentary elections of 1993, 1999, 2004, 2008 and 2015. In recent years, Obiang has continued to pursue a policy of national reconciliation and political pluralism, reorganizing the cabinet, severely punishing corruption, and rectifying governance to improve the efficiency of public administration. Accelerate infrastructure construction and expand investment in agriculture, education and health care. In November 2011, Equatorial Guinea held a referendum and passed a constitutional reform program with restrictions on the presidency, the establishment of the vice presidential position and the Senate. In February 2012, Obiang officially signed a decree to promulgate a new constitution. Parliamentary and municipal elections were held on May 26, 2013, and the ruling Democratic-led campaign coalition won the election with absolute advantage. In November 2014, the fifth national political dialogue meeting was held. In April 2015, Obiang announced the dissolution and restructuring of the government and streamlining the organization. In May, the implementation of the outcome of the Fifth National Political Dialogue Conference, the revision of the Political Parties Law, the Presidential Election Law, the referendum, the municipal and biennial election laws, the Freedom of Procession and Assembly, and the Political Party Financing Law. And other laws. On April 24, 2016, Akio held a presidential election. Obiang won the presidential election with a 93.7% vote and was sworn in on May 20 for a seven-year term. In November 2017, parliamentary and municipal elections were held, and the ruling Democratic-led campaign coalition won the election with absolute advantage. On January 3, 2018, the government announced that on December 24, 2017, a foreign mercenary crossing event was defeated. In July, the sixth national political dialogue meeting was held. In October, the grand celebration of the 50th anniversary of independence was held.
[Constitution] Passed in June 1982, revised in November 1991, revised again in November 2011. The Constitution stipulates that the implementation of the republican system in Equatorial Guinea is an independent, democratic and unified country. The separation of legislative, judicial and administrative powers. The President of the Republic is the head of state and government, embodying national unity and representing the country. It is directly elected by the whole people for a term of seven years and can be held for a maximum of one term.
[Meetings] Formerly known as the People’s Representative Office, it is the highest legislative body of the country. In November 2011, the new constitution divided the parliament into the Senate and the House of Representatives. 70 members of the Senate, of which 55 are directly elected, 15 are appointed by the President for a five-year term, and 100 members of the House of Representatives are directly elected for a term of five years. In November 2017, a new member of the House of Representatives was elected. The Democratic-led campaign coalition won 55 Senate seats, 99 House seats and all municipal council seats. The opposition Party’s Innovation Citizens Party won a House of Representatives seat. The Senate President is Maria Teresa Efua Asangono, and the Speaker of the House is Gaudencio Muhaba Mesu.
【政 府】 本届政府于2018年2月组成，除总统外，有副总统特奥多罗·恩圭马·奥比昂·曼格（Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue）、总理弗朗西斯科·帕斯卡尔·奥巴马·阿苏埃（Francisco Pascual Obama Asue），第一副总理兼教育、大学教学和体育部长克莱门特·恩贡加·恩圭马·翁圭内（Clemente Engonga Nguema Onguene），第二副总理安赫尔·马西埃·米布伊（Angel Masie Mibuy）（法律事务与议会关系），第三副总理阿方索·恩苏埃·莫库伊（Alfonso Nsue Mokuy），总统府使命国务部长亚历杭德罗·埃武纳·奥沃诺·阿桑戈诺（Alejandro Evuna Owono Asangono），总统安全国务部长安东尼奥·姆巴·恩圭马·米奎（Antonio Mba Nguema Mikue），总理府地区一体化事务国务部长巴尔塔萨·恩贡加·埃德霍（Baltasar Engonga Edjo），安全国务部长尼古拉斯·奥巴马·恩查马（Nicolás Obama Nchama），卫生与社会福利部长萨洛蒙·恩圭马·奥沃诺（Salomón Nguema Owono），总统府对外安全事务部长胡安·安东尼奥·比邦·恩楚楚马（Juan Antonio Bibang Nchuchuma），总理府部长巴尔塔萨·埃索诺·奥沃罗·恩福诺（Baltasar Esono Oworo Nfono），外交与合作部长西蒙·奥约诺·埃索诺·安格（Simeón Oyono Esono Angue），司法、宗教与惩戒机构部长萨尔瓦多·翁多·恩库穆（Salvador Ondo Ncumu），国防部长莱安德罗·恩卡莱·恩科戈（Leandro Bacale Ncogo），财政、经济与规划部长塞萨尔-奥古斯托·姆巴·阿沃戈（Cesar-Augusto Mba Abogo），公共工程、住宅与城市规划部长迪奥斯达多·恩苏埃·梅德哈（Diosdado Nsue Medja），劳动、就业促进与社会保障部长塞莱斯蒂诺·博尼法西奥·巴卡莱·奥比昂（Celestino Bonifacio Bakale Obiang），农业、畜牧业、森林与环境部长尼古拉斯·奥通希·阿卡波（Nicolás Houtonji Acapo），渔业与水资源部长阿多拉西翁·萨拉斯·琼科（Adoración Salas Chonco），矿产与石化部长加夫列尔·姆贝加·奥比昂·利马（Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima），工业与能源部长米格尔·埃夸·翁多（Miguel Ekua Ondo），新闻、媒体与广播部长欧亨尼奥·恩塞·奥比昂（Eugenio Nse Obiang），社会事务与性别平等部长玛丽亚·孔苏埃洛·恩圭马·奥亚纳（María Consuelo Nguema Oyana），交通、邮政与电信部长鲁菲诺·奥沃诺·翁多（Rufino Ovono Ondo），内政和地方机构部长福斯蒂诺·恩东·埃索诺·埃扬（Faustino Ndong Esono Eyang），公共职能与行政改革部长欧卡里奥·巴卡莱·安格（Eucario Bacale Anfue），贸易与中小企业促进部长帕斯托尔·米查·翁多·比莱（Pastor Micha Ondo Bile)，民航部长莱安德罗·米科·安格（Leandro Mico Angüé），文化、旅游与手工业促进部长鲁菲诺·恩东·埃索诺·恩查马（Rufino Ndong Esono Nchama）。
[Government] The current government was formed in February 2018. In addition to the president, there is Vice President Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue and Prime Minister Francisco Pascal Obama. · Francisco Pascual Obama Asue, First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, University Teaching and Sports Clemente Engonga Nguema Onguene, Second Deputy Prime Minister Angel Masie Mibuy (Legal Affairs and Parliamentary Relations), Third Deputy Prime Minister Alfonso Nsue Mokuy, Minister of State for the Presidential Office Alejandro Evuna Owono Asangono, Presidential Security Minister Antonio Mba Nguema Mikue, Prime Minister’s Office Baltasar Engonga Edjo, Minister of State for Security, Nicolás Obama Nchama, Minister of Security, Minister of Health and Social Welfare Salou Salomón Nguema Owono, Minister of External Security of the Presidential Palace Juan Antonio Bibang Nchuchuma, Minister of Prime Minister Balthasar Essino Baltasar Esono Oworo Nfono, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Simeón Oyono Esono Angue, Minister of Justice, Religious and Correctional Institutions Salvador Ondo En Salvador Ondo Ncumu, Minister of Defence Leandro Bacale Ncogo, Minister of Finance, Economy and Planning Cesar Augusto Mba Avogo Cesar-Augusto Mba Abogo), Minister of Public Works, Housing and Urban Planning, Diosdado Nsue Medja, Minister of Labor, Employment Promotion and Social Security Celestino Bonifa Celestino Bonifacio Bakale Obiang, Minister of Agriculture, Livestock, Forests and the Environment, Nicolás Houtonji Acapo, Fisheries and Water Resources Adoración Salas Chonco, Minister of Minerals and Petrochemicals Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima, Minister of Industry and Energy Miguel Ekua Ondo, Minister of Press, Media and Broadcasting Eugenio Nse Obiang, Minister of Social Affairs and Gender Equality, Maria Conzuelo María Consuelo Nguema Oyana, Minister of Transport, Post and Telecommunications, Rufino Ovono Ondo, Minister of Interior and Local Institutions, Fostino Ndong Faustino Ndong Esono Eyang, Minister of Public Function and Administrative Reform Eucario Bacale Anfue, Minister of Trade and SME Promotion Pastor Michal Weng Pastor Micha Ondo Bile, Minister of Civil Aviation Leandro Mico Angüé, Minister of Culture, Tourism and Handicraft Promotion Rufino Ndong Essono Enchama (Rufino Ndong Esono Nchama).
[Government website] http://www.guineaecuatorialpress.com
[Administrative Division] The country is divided into 7 provinces, 18 districts and 30 cities.
【政 党】 共有17个合法政党。主要有：
（1）赤道几内亚民主党（Partido Democratico De Guinea Ecuatorial）：执政党，成立于1986年。主席为现任总统奥比昂，总书记赫洛尼莫·奥萨·奥萨·埃科罗（Jeronimo Osa Osa Ecoro）。
（2）社会民主人民联盟党（Convergencia Social Democratica Popular）：1992年成立，主张自由民主。主席为塞昆迪诺·奥约诺·阿沃·阿达（Segundino Oyono Awong Ada）。
（3）民主社会联盟（Union Democratica Social）：1991年成立于葡萄牙。总书记为卡梅洛·莫杜·阿库塞·宾当（Carmelo Modu Akuse Bindang）。
此外还有自由党（Partido Liberal）、自由民主大会党（Convencion Liberal Democratica）、赤几社会主义党（Partido Socialista De Guinea Ecuatorial）、赤几人民行动党（Accion Popular De Guinea Ecuatorial）、争取社会民主联盟（Convergencia Para La Democracia Social）及社会民主党（Partido Social Democrata）等。
[Judiciary] It consists of the Supreme Court, the Attorney General’s Office, the Court of Appeal, the Court of First Instance, the Municipal Court, and the Supreme Military Court. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ in the country and has four chambers of civil, criminal, administrative and customary law. The General Prosecutor’s Office is the advisory body of the National Legal Supervision Agency and the State Council. Supreme Court President David Nguema Obiang Eyan. Attorney General, Nio Encha Nguema Mang.
[Political Party] There are 17 legal parties. There are:
(1) Partido Democratico De Guinea Ecuatorial: The ruling party, founded in 1986. The President is the current President Obiang, General Secretary Jeronimo Osa Osa Ecoro.
(2) Convergencia Social Democratica Popularity: Established in 1992, it advocates freedom and democracy. The chairman is Segundino Oyono Awong Ada.
(3) Union Democratica Social: Founded in 1991 in Portugal. The general secretary is Carmelo Modu Akuse Bindang.
In addition, there are the Partido Liberal, the Convencion Liberal Democratica, the Partido Socialista De Guinea Ecuatorial, the Accion Popular De Guinea Ecuatorial, and the Social Democratic Alliance. Convergencia Para La Democracia Social) and the Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata).
[Important figures] Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo: President, Democratic Party Chairman, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. Born on June 5, 1942 in Mongomo County, mainland China, the Arabs. In 1963, he obtained a sergeant from the National Guard. In September of the same year, he went to the Military Academy in Zaragoza, Spain for two years. After returning to China, he served as commander of the Guardian of Biko Island, Director of Supply and Planning of the Ministry of National Defense, Secretary-General and Deputy Minister of the Ministry of National Revolutionary Armed Forces. On August 3, 1979, he launched a military coup, served as the chairman of the Supreme Military Committee, and served as head of state and government in October. In August 1982, he became president. In December 1986, the Democratic Party was founded and served as chairman. In June 1989, February 1996, December 2002, December 2009, and April 2016, he was re-elected five times. Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mang: Vice President, Vice Chairman of the Democratic Party. Born in 1969, the eldest son of President Obiang. In the early years of the army, he was involved in business. In the late 1990s, he began to take politics. He has served as the Forest Affairs Advisor of the Presidential Office, Minister of Forests, Fisheries and Environment, Minister of Infrastructure and Forests, Minister of Agriculture and Forests. In 2012, he served as the second vice president, in charge of defense and security affairs. In June 2016, he served as vice president.
【经 济】 独立后经济曾长期困难。1987年开始实施经济结构调整计划。1991年开始开发石油后，经济出现转机。1997至2004年年均经济增长率达31.9%，2012年人均国内生产总值突破2万美元，成为经济增长最快的非洲国家之一。2007年召开第二届全国经济大会，制定了2008-2020年国家经济社会发展远景规划，在强化油气产业发展的同时，全面启动交通、通讯、电力和卫生等基础设施建设，推动经济多元化发展，计划2020年建设成为新兴国家。2014年2月，赤几召开首届经济多元化会议，正式启动经济多元化进程，重点发展农牧业、渔业、石化与矿业、旅游业、金融服务业等五大战略产业。7月，政府成立2020控股公司和共同投资基金，旨在有效利用油气收入，为推行经济多元化提供资金支持。近年，受国际原油价格下跌影响，经济连续负增长，外汇储备大幅减少，财政困难。经济多元化效果不彰，经济转型任重道远。
【资 源】 矿藏有石油、天然气、磷酸盐、黄金、铝矾土、锌、钻石等。探明天然气和原油储量分别为3000亿立方米和56亿桶。林、渔业资源丰富，森林220万公顷，森林覆盖率46%，海上专属经济区31.2万平方公里。
[Economy] After independence, the economy has long been difficult. The economic restructuring plan was implemented in 1987. After the development of oil in 1991, the economy turned around. From 1997 to 2004, the average annual economic growth rate reached 31.9%. In 2012, the per capita GDP exceeded 20,000 US dollars, making it one of the fastest growing African countries. In 2007, the second national economic conference was held, and the national economic and social development vision plan for 2008-2020 was formulated. While strengthening the development of the oil and gas industry, infrastructure construction such as transportation, communication, electricity and sanitation was comprehensively launched to promote economic diversification. It is planned to become an emerging country in 2020. In February 2014, Chichi held the first economic diversification conference, officially launched the economic diversification process, focusing on the development of five strategic industries such as agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery, petrochemical and mining, tourism, and financial services. In July, the government established a 2020 holding company and a joint investment fund to effectively utilize oil and gas revenues and provide financial support for economic diversification. In recent years, affected by the fall in international crude oil prices, the economy has continued to experience negative growth, foreign exchange reserves have fallen sharply, and financial difficulties have been encountered. Economic diversification is not effective, and economic transformation has a long way to go.
The main economic data of the Equatorial Guinea in 2018 are as follows:
Gross domestic product: approximately $12.2 billion
Per capita GDP: about $9,400
GDP growth rate: -7%
Currency Name: China-Africa Financial Cooperation Franc, referred to as Central African Franc
Exchange rate: 1 US dollar ≈ 582 CFA franc
Inflation rate: 1%
(Source: London Economic Quarterly Review, April 2019)
[Resources] The mine contains oil, natural gas, phosphate, gold, bauxite, zinc, diamonds, etc. Proved natural gas and crude oil reserves are 300 billion cubic meters and 5.6 billion barrels respectively. The forest and fishery resources are abundant, the forest is 2.2 million hectares, the forest coverage rate is 46%, and the offshore exclusive economic zone is 312,000 square kilometers.
[Industrial and Mining] In recent years, due to the rapid development of the petroleum industry, the proportion of total industrial output value in GDP has increased year by year, but the structure is single.
In December 1998, the parliament approved the new “Petroleum Mining Law”, and the share of oil obtained by Equatorial Guinea increased from 10% to 13% to 20%. In order to strengthen the management of oil exploration and mining, in August 1999, the Equatorial Government decided to set up an oil exploitation work tracking committee and announced that all future oil revenues will be included in the national budget; oil exploration and mining agreements and contracts will be unified by the economy. The Ministry of Finance signed the approval of the president. In 2001, a national oil company was established. In September 2004, the first National Petroleum Industry Conference was held to announce the establishment of the National Petroleum Technology Research Institute. In 2017, Equatorial Guinea joined the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Oil production has declined in recent years. The daily output of crude oil in 2016, 2017 and 2018 was 235,000 barrels, 174,000 barrels and 135,000 barrels respectively. The oil companies currently trading in Equatorial Guinea are mainly American, British and French oil companies such as Mobil, Marathon, Ophelia and Total. According to the agreement, the Equatorial Government repaid the investment of the above-mentioned oil companies with crude oil; the oil company paid a certain percentage of the oil revenue to the Equatorial Government as land use fees and taxes. In recent years, the Equatorial Government has increased its control over oil resources, stipulating that the Equatorial Government must hold more than 35% of all joint venture oil companies.
In 2002, the methanol injection base of US$415 million was put into operation in the capital Malabo, with an annual output of 925,000 tons of methanol. The company is the largest methanol producer in Africa and produces 3% of the world’s total production. In 2005, the National Gas Company was formed. In December 2006, the Energy and Oil and Gas Law was promulgated, with emphasis on increasing the state’s control over oil and gas resources, management and national rights. The law was implemented on January 1, 2007. At present, there are more than a dozen small and medium-sized thermal power plants and hydropower stations in the country (80% for thermal power and 20% for hydropower), mostly for foreign aid construction, with a maximum installed capacity of 15,400 kW.
[Agriculture and Fisheries] With the rapid development of the petroleum industry, the proportion of total agricultural output value in GDP has been declining year by year, but agriculture is still the main means of livelihood for the people. In 2007, the government passed the draft Agricultural Forest Law. At present, the area of arable land in the country is about 850,000 hectares, and 70% of the working population is engaged in agriculture. Food cannot be self-sufficient. The main food crops are cassava, taro, and corn. The main cash crops are cocoa and coffee. Coffee and cocoa production have shrunk due to falling international market prices in recent years. In particular, cocoa production has fallen from 45,000 tons in the highest years of the past to less than 500 tons currently.
Acer is rich in tuna, African yellow croaker and prawns, and the annual catch can reach more than 70,000 tons, but the actual catch is not high. At present, nearly 40 fishing boats from EU member states such as France and Spain are fishing for tuna in the waters of Annoban. In recent years, the Equatorial Government has adopted a series of measures to support the development of fisheries as one of the keys to achieving economic diversification.
【军 事】 军队由海、陆、空三军组成，共约3000余人，其中陆军3个营，海军1个营，空军1个连。实行义务兵役制及军官终身制。奥比昂总统是全国武装力量最高统帅。军队装备不足且陈旧落后。近年赤几着力加强军事力量，2014年6月，赤几首艘自造军舰“维勒-恩萨斯”号轻型巡洋舰下水。
[People’s Life] Equatorial Guinea ranks 141 out of 189 countries according to the Human Development Index published by the United Nations Development Programme’s 2018 Human Development Report. There are 2 regional hospitals, 4 provincial hospitals, 12 district hospitals, 42 medical centers and 300 health stations. There are 1019 beds in total. There is a health school in Bata. There are 58 doctors, 165 medical technicians, and more than 800 nurses and service personnel. On average, there are 21 beds per 10,000 people. The health condition is poor and the disease is prone to epidemics. The main infectious diseases include typhoid fever, hepatitis, malaria, yellow fever, rabies, and AIDS. 68% of people do not have access to tap water, and 63% of people are sick and not treated in time. The average life expectancy is 63.85 years old. The birth rate was 33.31‰, the mortality rate was 8.19‰, and the infant mortality rate was 69.17‰. On average, each family has 5.6 children.
In recent years, AIDS has spread rapidly in the Equatorial Guinea, with an adult HIV infection rate of 6.2% (2012) and about 31,000 HIV carriers (2012). In 2001, the AIDS Committee was chaired by President Obiang. In June 2004, President Obiang issued a presidential decree approving the provision of drugs to HIV carriers and exemption from partial treatment costs. In August, the Equatorial Government and UNICEF jointly organized a “AIDS Symposium” in Malabo. In February 2005, the Health Minister of Equatorial Guinea hosted the AIDS Coordination Meeting in Malabo. In April, the Equatorial Government approved the establishment of the Aid for AIDS Foundation (AYES). In July, the government launched a social development fund to increase efforts to develop education and health. At the end of 2006, the Equatorial Government took measures to begin providing free inspections and medicines for people living with AIDS and carriers. In February 2007, President Obiang signed a decree stipulating that the minimum wage for the private sector was 95,400 African francs. The Ministry of Health launched a plan of hope. From February 2007, the Cuban medical team will provide free surgery for low-income groups on weekends. On February 4, 2010, Equatorial Guinea launched a general survey on the socioeconomic status of women and the elderly. In February 2014, Equatorial Guinea announced the National Primary Health Care Strategy (APS).
[Military] The army consists of three armies: sea, land and air. There are about 3,000 people in the army, including 3 battalions of the army, 1 battalion of the navy, and 1 company of the air force. Implement compulsory military service and military life. President Obiang is the supreme commander of the national armed forces. The army is under-equipped and outdated. In recent years, Equatorial Guinea has made efforts to strengthen its military strength. In June 2014, the light-weight cruiser of the first self-built warship “Ville-Ensas” was launched.
[Culture Education] The education system is divided into three levels: elementary, middle and high. Five years of primary school education, compulsory education. Children are enrolled at the age of 6 and about a quarter of them are enrolled in private or church schools. The primary school enrollment rate is 87%. There are 7 years of secondary school education and 40 existing schools. There is only one university in the country, the National University of Chichi, and there are cooperation agreements with universities in Spain. The National University of Equatorial State consists of the university headquarters and six colleges in the fields of teacher, health, agriculture and administration in Malabo and Bata. There are 2 departments and 16 majors. The government does not provide scholarships. Most oil companies offer scholarships to Equatorial students. In 1998, there were 81,700 primary school students, 20,000 middle school students, and 750 university students. The ratio of teachers to students is 1:82. Spain and France have large cultural centers and language schools in Malabo. Of the more than 7,500 civil servants in the government, only 3.2% have university degrees. In order to adapt to the rapid development of the petroleum industry, the government established the “Petroleum Technician Training Center” in Malabo in 2005 to provide vocational education. The illiteracy rate in Equatorial Guinea in 2010 was 6.1%. According to UNESCO’s 2013 Education for All Global Test Report, the literacy rate of Equatorial Adults is 94%, ranking first in sub-Saharan Africa.
[Press and Publication] At present, there are only two weekly newspapers and six publications in Equatorial Guinea. The weekly newspapers are “Ebony” and “Potopoto”, all sponsored by the Ministry of Information. Gaseta is the only private publication that is allowed to be distributed. In addition, there are “Insurance”, “Venus”, “Hello, Red”, “Bantu” and “Kapok”.
The government has a national radio station in Malabo and Bata. In March 2005, the Bata Radio Shortwave Station, which was built by China, was launched. The privately-owned Asonga radio mainly broadcasts news and entertainment. In 2005, the National University of Equatorial State opened a university radio station that broadcasts educational programs.
Malabo and Bata have national television stations respectively. In 2006, the Malabo TV Center built by China was built. Mang, the son of President Obiang, opened a private Asonga TV station. The company has operated the South African satellite TV business and broadcast more than 20 international TV programs. The first printing plant was established in Malabo in 2007 and there are currently no publishing houses in the country. The official website of the Equatorial Government is http://www.guineaecuatorialpress.com, and the content is mainly the news of the Equatorial Guinea and related information.
[Financial Finance] Since the beginning of the production and export of oil in the 1990s, the oil industry has become the most important source of fiscal revenue for the Equatorial Guinea. The national income has grown substantially and the financial tension has eased. In 2005, the Equatorial Guinea issued a decree that the central government will allocate 10% of its annual fiscal revenue to local governments for local construction projects. However, due to the reduction in crude oil production in recent years and the fall in international oil prices, government revenues have shrunk. In 2016, fiscal revenue was $3.95 billion and the deficit was $290 million. In 2017, the fiscal revenue was about 2.06 billion U.S. dollars, and the fiscal deficit accounted for 2.5% of GDP.
After the bankruptcy of the Equatorial Credit Bank in 1985, Equatorial Guinea had never had a national bank. In April 2006, the Philippine Commercial Bank and the Equatorial Guinea agreed to jointly form the National Bank of Chichi. In September, the National Bank of Equatorial Guinea opened. In recent years, the banking industry has developed considerably. Currently, there are four banks operating businesses, and the main customers are foreign companies in Chichi. The insurance industry has developed slowly. There are three insurance companies and one reinsurance company in the country.
[Foreign Trade] The total import and export trade in 2018 was about 7 billion US dollars, of which exports were 4.72 billion US dollars and imports were 2.24 billion US dollars. Daily necessities and means of production rely on imports. The main importing countries are the United States, Spain, China and France. Oil and wood are the main export products. The main exporting countries are China, Japan, the United Kingdom and France. In recent years, with the rapid development of the petroleum industry, oil has not only replaced wood as a major export earning product, but also reversed the long-term deficit of foreign trade.
[Foreign Aid] Assistance mainly comes from Spain, France and relevant UN agencies. Spain resumed official aid to Equatorial Guinea in December 1999. In 2002, the World Bank relaunched cooperation with the Equatorial Government in the areas of transportation, road construction, port renovation and human resources training. In April 2005, the United Nations Development Program and the Equatorial Government signed an agreement to provide the United States with $9 million in five years to fight AIDS. In 2005, Spain and France provided 23.9 million and 4.2 million U.S. dollars in official aid to Equatorial Guinea. In July 2006, Amerada-Hes Company of the United States donated 40 million US dollars to the Equatorial Government for the education of children in Chichi and the training of government officials. In August, Amerada-Hes and the Equatorial Government signed an educational cooperation agreement to provide 20 million U.S. dollars to help Equatorial Guinea develop basic education. Since the opposition to the provisions of the Cotonou Agreement on economic and trade cooperation between the EU and the ACP countries, the EU has stopped providing assistance to Equatorial Guinea through the EU Development Fund since 2008.
[Transportation] No railway. The national highway network of Chichi is about 3,952 kilometers, of which 2,469 kilometers are distributed in the mainland, 253 kilometers are distributed on the island, and there are 1,230 kilometers of forest roads. The national highway is 1009 kilometers long, of which the asphalt road is about 400 kilometers. The car ownership of Equatorial Guinea is growing at a rate of approximately 23% per year.
Air transport: Malabo and Bata are the main airports. There are four airlines across the country, of which Seyba Intercontinental Airlines is a state-owned company that operates nine aircraft. In addition, airlines such as Cameroon, Gabon, Nigeria, Spain, Switzerland, and Côte d’Ivoire have scheduled flights from Malabo to Madrid, Libreville, Douala, Abuja, Dakar, and Sao Tome. In October 2012, the Equatorial National Airlines opened the Malabo-Madrid route.
Water transport: Malabo and Bata are important seaports. The port capacity of Malabo is 1.5 million tons. In April 2003, Lumbar New Port was completed. In 2007, Bata Port started the renovation and expansion project. The first phase of the project was completed in 2012. Now, one 50,000 tons, 35,000 tons, 30,000 tons, 20,000 tons of universal berths and two 10,000 tons of refined oil berths have been built. With an annual handling capacity of 6.5 million tons, it is the largest port in the country. In 2015 and 2016, the throughput was 1.22 million and 1.38 million tons respectively. In December 1998, the “Leo Campo” passenger and cargo ship owned by a Panamanian shipping company was responsible for domestic and international routes such as Malabo-Bata-Annoben-Sao Tome and Principe-Cameroon. Passenger and cargo missions. In recent years, the maritime shipping industry has developed to a certain extent. In October 2000, the Equatorial Government purchased a passenger ship and cargo vessel “DJIMLOHO” to operate the passenger and cargo business of Bata-Malabo-Annoben.
[Telecom industry] Starting late, the overall level is still relatively backward. In 1996, with the assistance of France, the new data network was installed in the cities of Malabo and Bata. In 1997, the two cities installed mobile communication systems. In recent years, mobile phone users have grown rapidly. During 2000-2007, the average growth rate of mobile phone users reached 80%. In September 2004, following Montgomery and Ebeby, Amano Island opened a mobile GSM communication service. In May 2005, Equatorial Telecom opened the Broadband Internet (ADSL). Internet international total bandwidth 32G. There are 14,900 fixed-line telephone users (2012), 50.1 million mobile phone users (2012), and 42,000 Internet users (2012). At present, the main operator of the telephone and Internet services is GESESA, a telecommunications company jointly established by Equatorial Guinea and France Telecom. In 2010, Chichi established the second telecom operator HITS. In 2012, GECOMSA, a joint venture between China ZTE Corporation and the Chichi government, became the third telecommunications operator in Chichi. In June 2018, the “Kapok 2” submarine cable connecting the Equatorial and Atlantic International cables was commissioned.
[External Relations] Pursue a foreign policy of non-alignment, good-neighborly friendship and pluralism. It advocates strengthening friendly relations and cooperation with other countries on the basis of peaceful coexistence, equality and mutual benefit. Opposing hegemonism and power politics requires a new international political and economic order. Oppose foreign forces to interfere in the internal affairs of African countries, and advocate African countries to formulate a common strategy for a normal development environment. Oppose the West to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries through human rights issues. Actively participate in international and regional affairs. Member of the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States and the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. In May 2017, Equatorial officially joined the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In June, Equatorial was elected as a non-permanent member of the United Nations for 2018-2019.
[Relationship with Spain] Spain is the original kingdom of Equatorial Guinea. In 1977, the two countries broke off. In August 1979, after the reign of Obiang, the two countries resumed diplomatic relations. The West provides approximately 25 million U.S. dollars in aid to Equatorial Guinea each year and is the main donor to Equatorial Guinea. In 1993, relations between the two countries were tense, and West stopped the cooperation between the official institutions of the two countries. The relationship between the two countries has improved significantly in recent years. In December 1999, West decided to resume official aid to Equatorial Guinea. On March 6, 2004, after the attempted coup in Equatorial Guinea, the government accused Spain of being in conflict with the coup. The relationship between the two countries was once tense and later eased. In January 2006, West announced the withdrawal of political asylum to Severo, leader of the opposition party in exile in the west. In November, President Obiang paid an official visit to the West. During the period, President Obiang participated in the opening ceremony of the embassy of Equatorial Guinea. In June 2007, the Spanish parliamentary delegation visited Equatorial Guinea. In July, Equatorial Foreign Minister Rice visited the West. In July 2008, Prime Minister Miram visited the West. In July 2009, the Western Foreign Minister visited Chichi. In February 2011, the Speaker of the West visited Equatorial Guinea. In July, the State Secretary of Western Foreign Trade visited Equatorial Guinea. In November 2012, Equatorial Foreign Minister Mba visited West and signed a cooperation agreement with Spanish Foreign Minister Garcia. In April 2013, Equatorial Foreign Minister Mba visited West and met with King Juan Carlos I of Spain. In March 2014, President Obiang went to Madrid to attend the funeral ceremony of former Spanish Prime Minister Suarez. In June, Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy attended the 23rd AU Summit in Chichi. In July, former Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero visited Equatorial Guinea. In June 2017, Equatorial Foreign Minister Mba visited Spain. In May 2018, Spanish State Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Castro visited Equatorial Guinea. In October, the State Secretary of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs went to Equatorial to attend the 50th anniversary of independence.
[Relationship with France] In 1985, Equatorial Guinea joined the Central African Franc Zone. In 1997, French was officially declared the second official language. The law provides about 20 million U.S. dollars in aid to Equatorial Guinea every year, and sends consultants to the government departments such as the presidential palace and the Ministry of National Defense. The two countries have mixed committees. President Obiang has visited the law several times. In October 2007, President Obiang went to France to attend the 34th UNESCO General Conference, and President Sarkozy met with him. In March 2010, President Obiang met with French Army Admiral and Defence and Security Cooperation Director Manuel Pate in Malabo. The two sides exchanged views on strengthening cooperation in the security field and establishing a naval school in Bata. In September 2011, the French police searched their homes in Paris and seized a number of luxury cars on the grounds that President Obiang’s eldest son Mang was suspected of misappropriating international social assistance. In February 2012, the Equatorial Government issued a statement urging France to return the assets seized by Equatorial Guinea as soon as possible. In July, Ingman refused to appear in court for inquiries, and the French court issued a wanted order on the grounds of alleged money laundering and misappropriation of public funds. In November 2015, President Obiang went to France to attend the Paris Conference on Climate Change. In May 2016, the French Financial Procuratorate prosecuted Mangger for “suspected money laundering and misappropriation of public funds”. In June, Equatorial Guinea filed a lawsuit in the International Court of The Hague, requesting it to stop the French prosecution. In December, the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that the Equatorial Party had the status of a diplomatic institution in Paris. However, on the grounds of non-jurisdictional jurisdiction, the request for the French to stop the trial was not accepted. In 2017, the Paris District Court of France sentenced Mang to a three-year suspended sentence of three years, a fine of 30 million euros (if no longer committed, no need to pay), confiscation of the property. The Equatorial Party stated that it will confiscate the Paris District Court in due course and appeal to the International Court of Justice in The Hague. In January 2017, President Obiang attended the 27th French-African Summit in Mali and met with French President Hollande. In October 2018, French President Mark Long sent a special envoy to Chichi to attend the 50th anniversary of independence.
[Relationship with the United States] In 1976, the two countries broke off. In 1979, President Obiang returned to power after he took office. In 1993, the United States publicly criticized the government of the Emirates in terms of democracy and human rights and withdrew the Peace Corps. In 1994, the United States reduced its diplomatic relations with Equatorial Guinea from the ambassadorial level to the agency level. In 1996, the United States closed its embassy in Equatorial Guinea. Later, due to cooperation between the two sides in the oil field, relations between the two countries have improved markedly. In 2000, the United States opened an honorary consulate in Bata. In June 2003, during President Obiang’s visit to the United States, the two sides signed an agreement that the two countries would not send each other’s citizenship to a third country and an international court. In October of the same year, the US Embassy in Equatorial Guinea reopened after seven years of closure. In February 2006, US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Fraser led a delegation to visit Equatorial Guinea. In April and October, President Obiang visited the United States twice. In April 2010, Equatorial Foreign Minister Michal visited the United States. In February, President Obiang visited the United States. In May, US Assistant Secretary of State visited Equatorial Guinea. In December 2011, President Obiang visited the United States and accepted the award from the US “Sullivan Foundation”. In June 2012, President Obiang visited the United States and held the Equatorial Investment Opportunities Forum in Houston. In April 2013, President Obiang went to New York to attend the UN special session. In August 2014, President Obiang went to the United States to attend the first US-African Summit. In September, President Obiang went to the United States to attend the 69th UN General Assembly. In September 2015, Second Vice President Nguyen went to New York to attend the 70th UN General Assembly. In March 2016, President Obiang met with visiting US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Sullivan.
[Relationship with Portugal] Equatorial Guinea is actively seeking to join the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries. In April 2013, Equatorial Guinea appointed the first ambassador to Portugal. In July 2014, President Obiang went to Dili, the capital of East Timor, to attend the 10th Summit of the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries. The meeting approved Equatorial Guinea as the ninth member of the organization. In March 2016, Equatorial Foreign Minister Muba attended the special meeting of the Common Body of the Portuguese-speaking Countries in Lisbon and met with Portuguese Foreign Minister Santos. In December 2017, the Speaker of the Red Chamber, Muhabah, went to Portugal to attend the Seventh Portuguese Parliamentary Assembly.
[Relationship with African countries] Attach importance to maintaining good-neighborly relations with neighboring countries. In the early 1970s, there was a territorial dispute with Gabon. After the mediation by the OAU, the two countries signed the “Good Neighbor Agreement” and the “Boundary and Sea Border Agreement.” In recent years, with the discovery of oil in the offshore area of Chichi, it has become increasingly important to determine the territorial waters with the four neighboring countries of Nigeria, Gabon, Cameroon, Sao Tome and Principe. The Equatorial Guinea expressed its willingness to resolve the relevant issues through negotiations.
In 1985, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon reached a principled agreement on the joint development of the natural resources of the Corisco Bay. In February 2003, the Gabonese Defence Minister boarded the disputed Mbane Island in Equatorial and declared the island to be a Canadian territory. The Equatorial Government quickly issued a statement reaffirming that the island is a territory of the Equatorial Guinea and requires Canada to withdraw its troops immediately from the island. In July 2004, President Obiang and Gabonese President Bongo signed a memorandum of understanding to jointly develop the resources of Mbune Island in Addis Ababa under the United Nations mediation. In February 2006, President Obiang and Gabonese President Bongo went to Geneva to accept UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan to mediate the territorial dispute between the two countries. In March, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan visited Equatorial Guinea and continued to mediate the territorial dispute between the two countries. In September, President Obiang made a working visit to Gabon, and the two heads of state stated that they would resolve the territorial dispute between the two countries peacefully. Since 2008, the disputes between Equatorial Guinea and Gabon on the sovereignty of border islands have generally eased. In June 2009, President Obiang attended the funeral of Gabonese President Bongo. In October, President Obiang went to Gabon to attend the inauguration of President Ali Bongo. In the same month, Gabonese President Ali Bongo visited Equatorial Guinea. In January 2012, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon jointly organized the 28th African Cup football match. In September, during the 67th session of the UN General Assembly, President Obiang announced that it would submit a dispute with Gabon’s territorial dispute to the International Court of Justice in The Hague. In January 2013, President Obiang visited Gabon and attended the Special Summit of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. In April, Gabon’s Foreign Minister Issze visited Akasaka. In June, President Obiang went to Gabon to attend the Special Summit of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community and the second “New York-Africa Forum”. In May 2014, President Obiang met with the Special Envoy of the President of Gabon and Foreign Minister Issze in Malabo. In January 2016, Gabonese Foreign Minister Issze visited Akasaka. In April, Gabonese President Bongo paid a state visit to Equatorial Guinea. In July, President Obiang visited Gabon. In November 2016, President Obiang and President Bongo signed an agreement at the 22nd Climate Change Conference in Marrakech, witnessed by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, agreeing to the disputed islands of Mbane, Kokotros , Conka and the disputed border are submitted to the International Court of Justice. In December 2017, Gabonese President Bongo visited Equatorial Guinea. In January 2018, Gabonese President Bongo and Interior Minister Mata visited Equatorial Guinea. In February and August, President Bongo visited Equatorial Guinea.
The dispute between the Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon is intertwined with the dispute over the border between Kazakh and Nepal. The problems are complicated. In March 1999, Equatorial unilaterally declared the maritime boundary in accordance with the Middle Line provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The three countries of Nepal, Kazakh and Canada have a lot of controversy. In February 2010, the Foreign Minister of Cameroon visited Equatorial Guinea to hold consultations on the demarcation of the border between the two countries. The two sides reached an agreement on the maritime delimitation between the two countries and signed a joint communique. In May 2010, the Deputy Prime Minister of Cameroon visited Equatorial Guinea and President Obiang met. In the same month, President Obiang attended the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the independence of Cameroon. In September 2012, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon signed an agreement to exempt diplomatic and official passports. In November, President Obiang visited Cameroon. In March 2014, President Obiang met with visiting Minister of Civil Affairs Belinga.
In September 2000, Nigerian President Obasanjo visited Equatorial Guinea and the two heads of state signed a sea border agreement. In April 2002, President Obiang visited Nepal and the two sides signed an agreement to jointly develop marine areas. In March 2006, President Obiang visited Nepal. In December, the two countries signed an energy cooperation agreement in Abuja, the capital of Nepal. In May 2007, President Obiang attended the inauguration ceremony of the new president of Nigeria. In July 2008, President Obiang met with visiting former President Obasanjo. In May 2011, President Obiang attended the inauguration of President Jonathan. In February 2015, President Obiang visited Nigeria. In May, President Obiang went to Nigeria to attend the inauguration of the new President Bukhari. In March 2016, Nigerian President Bukhari paid an official visit to Equatorial Guinea and met with President Obiang and signed an agreement to establish a joint maritime security monitoring and patrol committee. In January 2018, President Obiang visited Nigeria.
In June 1999, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome signed an agreement between the two countries on the delimitation of maritime boundaries. In 2007, President Obiang went to Sao Tome to attend the Sao Tome independence celebration. In 2008, 2010, 2011, and 2012, President Sao Tome visited Chichi several times. In August 2013, President Obiang met with Prime Minister Gabriel. In March and August 2015, Sao Tome’s President Da Costa visited Chichi twice. In October, President Obiang visited Sao Tome. In February 2016, President Obiang met with visiting Prime Minister Trovatda. In November 2017, Prime Minister Trodova visited the Equatorial Guinea. In October 2018, Sao Tome and Principe President Carvalho went to Equatorial to attend the 50th anniversary of the independence of Equatorial Guinea.
[International Conference] In June 2011, the 17th Summit of the African Union was held in Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea. In August 2012, the 9th Leon Sullivan Summit was held in Malabo. In February 2013, the third “South America-Africa Summit” was held in Malabo. In June 2014, the 23rd AU Summit was held in Malabo. In September, the second UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Life Sciences Awards ceremony was held in Malabo. In November, the second Turkey-Africa Summit was held in Malabo. In January 2015, the 30th African Nations Cup football match was held in Equatorial Guinea. In July, the African Conference against Ebola was held in Malabo. In November 2016, the 4th Arab-African Summit was held in Malabo. In May 2017, the fourth summit of the AU Council for the Reform of the Ten Heads of State Committee was held in Malabo. In March 2018, the fourth UNESCO-Equatorial Guinea Life Sciences Awards ceremony was held in Malabo.
In 2014, President Obiang went to Dili, the capital of East Timor, to attend the 10th Summit of the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries. The meeting approved Equatorial Guinea as the ninth member of the organization. In 2015, President Obiang went to India to attend the Third India-Africa Summit and went to Iran to attend the third summit of the Natural Gas Exporting Countries Forum. In 2016, President Obiang went to Kenya to attend the 6th Tokyo International Conference on African Development. Prime Minister Tommy went to Papua New Guinea to attend the 8th ACP Summit and announced that the Equatorial Government has donated 500,000 Euros as the group’s activity fund. In 2017, President Obiang went to New York to attend the 72nd UN General Assembly and went to Côte d’Ivoire to attend the 5th EU-AU Summit. Prime Minister Obama went to Nigeria to attend the Fourth Summit of the Gulf of Guinea. In 2018, President Obiang went to India to attend the International Solar Energy Alliance Summit, attend the 31st AU Summit in Mauritania, attend the 12th Portuguese Community Community Summit in Cape Verde, and attend the 73rd UN in New York. General Assembly. Prime Minister Obama attended the special summit of the AU summit held in Kigali, Rwanda, and signed the agreement on the establishment of the African Free Trade Area on behalf of Equatorial Guinea. In February 2019, during his tenure as the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council, President Obiang hosted a high-level open debate on “mercenary activities are the root cause of insecurity and instability in Africa” in New York, USA. In the same month, President Obiang went to Ethiopia to attend the 32nd AU Summit.
Equatorial Guinea has a good relationship with Ghana. In 2007, President Obiang attended the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the independence of Ghana. In 2009, both Chichi and Ghana signed an air cooperation agreement between the two countries. In 2010, Ghana’s President Mills visited Equatorial Guinea. In 2012, President Obiang and President Mills exchanged visits. In August, President Obiang went to Ghana to attend the funeral of President Mills. In January 2013, President Obiang attended the inauguration of President Mahama of Ghana. In February 2015, President Obiang visited Ghana. In March 2016, Prime Minister Equatorial Obama attended the celebration of the 60th anniversary of Ghana’s independence. In August 2017, Ghana’s President Akuf Al-Ado visited Equatorial Guinea. In September 2018, Prime Minister Obama went to Ghana to attend the funeral of former UN Secretary-General Annan.
In 2012, President Obiang visited Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Chad, Uganda, Senegal and other countries, went to Benin to attend the opening ceremony of the 18th African Athletics Championships, and went to the Congo (Brazza) to attend the China-Africa Economic and Monetary Community Summit. He went to Ethiopia to attend the funeral of Prime Minister Meles of Esser, and the presidents of Benin and Burundi visited Chichi. In January 2013, President Obiang visited Gambia, Angola, Congo (Brazzaville) and other countries, went to Ethiopia to attend the 20th AU Summit, and went to Zimbabwe to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Mugabe. President Benjamin Yayi, China The non-Republic’s interim President Giottodia, Liberia’s President Sirleaf, Niger’s President Isuf, and Guinea’s President Conte visited Chichi. In 2014, President Obiang visited Swaziland, Rwanda, Egypt, went to the Congo (Brazza) to attend the summit of the AU Council for the Reform of the Ten Heads of State Council, went to South Africa to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Zuma’s re-election, and went to Senegal to attend the 15th session. Francophone Organization Summit. China-Africa Interim President Samba Pansa and South African President Zuma visited Chichi. In 2015, President Obiang visited Chad, Algeria, Guinea, Benin, went to Ethiopia to attend the 24th AU Summit, went to Namibia to attend the inauguration of the new president, went to Egypt to attend the opening ceremony of the new Suez Canal, and went to Congo (Brazzaville). At the 55th anniversary of the celebration of independence, he went to Gabon to attend the Central African Economic and Monetary Community Summit and served as the rotating chairman of the organization. He went to Guinea to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Conte. Niger President Isuf, Zimbabwe’s President Mugabe, Burkina Faso’s interim President Kafando, Guinean President Conte and Benin’s President Yayi visited Chichi. In January 2016, President Obiang went to Namibia to attend the summit of the AU Council for the Reform of the Ten-Country Committee, paid an official visit to Zimbabwe, and went to Ethiopia to attend the 26th AU Summit. In February, President Obiang met with visiting Prime Minister Jinsu, Central African President Vadera and Cape Verde Prime Minister Pereira. In March, President Obiang attended the inauguration ceremony of President Sandra in Central Africa. In April, President Obiang went to Niamey to attend the inauguration ceremony of Niger President Isuf. Equatorial Foreign Minister Mba visited Tunisia. In May, President Obiang went to Kampala to attend the inauguration ceremony of Ugandan President Museveni. Foreign Minister Mba officially announced his candidacy for the 2016-2020 AU Chairman in Ethiopia. In June, President Obiang visited Chad. In July, President Obiang met with visiting Guinea-Bissau Prime Minister Bashiro Jia. In the same month, I met with visiting Zimbabwean President Mugabe. In August, President Obiang met with visiting President of the Republic of Burkina Faso, Capolé. In January 2017, President Benjamin of Benin visited Equatorial Guinea. President Obiang went to Ethiopia to attend the 28th AU Summit, during which he met with the President of South Sudan, the President of Uganda, the King of Morocco and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Guterres. In March, President Obiang visited Angola. In April, President Obiang visited Mozambique and Uganda. In June, King Swaziland III of Swaziland visited Akasaka. In July, President of the Central African Republic, Tuvadra, visited Equatorial Guinea. In August, Ugandan President Museveni visited Chichi. In September, President Obiang went to Angola to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Lorenzo. In January 2018, President Obiang visited Uganda, Vice President Mange went to Liberia to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Vijay, attending the 30th AU Summit in Addis Ababa, Central African President Tuvadra Guinean President Conte visited Equatorial Guinea. In February, President Obiang paid a state visit to Ethiopia and Tunisia. In March, the AU Chairman-in-Office and Rwandan President Kagame visited Chichi. In April, President Obiang visited Djibouti, and South African Presidential Special Envoy and Vice President Mabuza visited Equatorial Guinea. In May, President Obiang visited Zimbabwe, and Vice President Mange went to Sierra Leone to attend the inauguration ceremony of President Biono. Foreign Minister Oyono visited South Africa and Mozambique. In October, Djibouti President Guelleh, Swaziland King Mswati III, Cape Verde President Fonseca, Burundi President Nkurunziza, Zimbabwean President Mnanagaguwa, Guinea-Bissau President Gomez and other countries The politicians went to Chichi to attend the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the independence of Equatorial Guinea.