The Cook Islands 库克群岛
【国名】库克群岛（The Cook Islands）。
【议会】一院制，由普选产生的24名议员组成立法会议，任期4年。目前议长为尼基·拉特尔（Niki Rattle），2018年9月连任。最近一次大选于2018年6月14日举行。此外，1966年成立酋长院，由代表各岛的20名酋长组成，就土地使用和传统习俗向议会和政府提出建议。现任院长为托乌·特拉维尔·阿里基（Tou Travel Ariki）。
[Country name] The Cook Islands.
[Area] 240 square kilometers, consisting of 15 small islands.
[Population] 13100 (2015), all holding New Zealand passports. Maori (Polynesian) accounted for 92%, and European descent accounted for 3%. 69% of residents believe in Protestantism and 15% believe in Roman Catholicism.
[Language] General Cook Islands Maori and English.
[Capital] Avarua, located in Rarotonga.
[Head of State] Queen Elizabeth II of England. The Queen’s representative is Tom Marsters, who took office in August 2013 and re-elected in July 2016 for a three-year term.
[Important Festival] Constitution Day (National Day): August 4th
[A brief history] Maori people are aborigines. In 1773, Captain Cook, the British Navy Colonel, explored this place and named it “Cook.” In 1888, it became a British protected area. In June 1901, it became a New Zealand territory. In 1964, a referendum was held under the supervision of the United Nations to pass the Constitution. The 1965 Constitution came into force, with full internal autonomy, full legislative and executive powers, free ties with New Zealand, and defense and diplomacy assisted by New Zealand. In 1989, the New Zealand government sent a letter to the United Nations stating that the Cook Islands had full constitutional capacity to handle its foreign relations and sign international agreements, and that the international community treated the Cook Islands as a sovereign state.
[Parliament] The one-chamber system consists of 24 members elected by universal suffrage to form a legislative assembly for a term of four years. The current speaker is Niki Rattle, re-elected in September 2018. The most recent general election was held on June 14, 2018. In addition, the Chiefs’ Court was established in 1966 and consisted of 20 chiefs representing the islands, making recommendations to the Parliament and the Government on land use and traditional practices. The current dean is Tou Travel Ariki.
[Government] is composed of a majority party in the parliament. In November 2010 and July 2014, the Cook Islands held separate elections, and the Cook Islands party won the election. The leader of the party, Henry Pune, was prime minister. On June 14, 2018, the Cook Islands held a new general election. In September, the ruling Cook Islands Party won the support of a Cook Party and two independent members to form a new coalition government, Pune was re-elected as Prime Minister.
[Important] Henry Pune: Prime Minister. Born in July 1949, the University of Auckland, New Zealand, earned a bachelor’s degree in law from the University of Tasmania, Australia. In 2005, he was elected as a member of the Manihki Constituency. In 2006, he became the leader of the Cook Islands Party and was disqualified from the same year. In 2009, he was re-elected as the leader of the Cook Islands Party. In 2010, he was re-elected as a member of the Maniheki constituency and in December of the same year he became the prime minister of the Ku government. Re-elected as Prime Minister in July 2014 and September 2018.
[Economy] In 2014, the gross domestic product (GDP) was $297.2 million, and the per capita GDP was about $19,500. In 2016, the gross domestic product was 414 million Singapore dollars, and the per capita GDP was about 20,000 Singapore dollars. In New Zealand currency, S$1 is approximately $0.68 (January 2019). The main source of income is tourism. New Zealand is the largest source country.
In 2012, the export value was S$3.257 million and the import value was S$35.363 million. The main export commodities are fish, pearls, papaya, etc. The main imported commodities are fuels and chemicals, machinery and equipment, industrial manufactured goods, food and live animals. In 2015, the top four export markets were Japan, China, Australia, and New Zealand. The top three import sources were New Zealand, the United States, Fiji, and Australia.
[Traffic] There is Avarua International Airport, which can take off and land Boeing 747 aircraft. Major international routes to Auckland, Los Angeles and Hawaii.
[Port] 90% of imports depend on shipping, and the largest port is Avatiu Port, which can park 3,000 tons of freighters.
[Foreign Aid] The fiscal revenue is mainly based on foreign aid, and 60% of foreign aid is from New Zealand and Australia. Since 2004, the New Zealand and Australia have jointly implemented assistance to the Cook Islands, coordinated by the New Zealand Agency for International Development. In the 2014/2015 fiscal year, New Zealand assisted the Cook Islands with S$14 million and Australia assisted the Cook Islands with A$4 million. In the 2015/2016 fiscal year, New Zealand assisted the Cook Islands with S$20.2 million and Australia assisted the Cook Islands for A$3.5 million. In the 2016/2017 fiscal year, New Zealand assisted the Cook Islands with S$19.3 million and Australia assisted the Cook Islands for A$3.4 million. In the fiscal year 2018/2019, New Zealand’s aid budget to the Cook Islands was S$11.36 million.
[Army and Police] Defense is assisted by New Zealand and does not have an army. There are 110 police officers in the country, and there are no guns.
[Education] Preschool education for 4-year-old children and compulsory education for children aged 6-15. There are 39 primary and secondary schools with 5,560 students and more than 300 teachers. There is a teacher’s college. The University of the South Pacific Rarotonga conducts adult higher education and correspondence teaching. There are 400 people with higher education in the country.
[News] The main station is the Cook Islands Radio, which broadcasts in English and Maori, and broadcasts international and regional news from Radio Australia and New Zealand. Rarotonga also has a private radio station. Cook Islands Telecom provides international direct dialing and fax, telex, telex and internet services.
Main newspaper: The Cook Islands News Daily, published in English and Maori; The Cook Islands Herald, published on Saturday.
[Health] Implement a free medical system. There are 8 government hospitals and 151 beds.
Cook Islands is not a member of the United Nations, with China, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, France, Germany, India, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fiji, Iran, Malaysia, Israel, Nauru, Norway, Papua New Guinea Diplomatic relations were established between South Africa, the Vatican, Thailand, Belgium, Cuba, Jamaica, Monaco, East Timor, Turkey, the Czech Republic, the Philippines, South Korea and the European Union. Foreign diplomatic agencies include: the New Zealand High Commission, the Consulate General in Auckland, the Honorary Consul in Sydney, the Honorary Consul in Hawaii, and the Honorary Consul General in Oslo. At present, in addition to New Zealand’s resident high school to the Cook Islands, Australia, China, Fiji, France, India, Malaysia, Norway, Papua New Guinea, and South Africa have appointed ambassadors or junior colleges to the Cook Islands, France, Germany, The United Kingdom and Nauru have honorary consuls in the Cook Islands. The Cook Islands is a member of the United Nations Development Programme, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, UNESCO, the World Health Organization, the World Meteorological Organization, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Maritime Organization, the Asian Development Bank, the International Red Cross, and other international organizations. Member States affiliated with UNESCAP are members of regional organizations such as the Pacific Community, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Forum Fisheries Agency, and the ACP Group.
The Cook Islands has signed defense and civil aviation agreements with New Zealand, signed fisheries agreements with South Korea and Norway, signed maritime border treaties with the United States and France, signed friendly cooperation agreements with France, and signed bilateral trade agreements with Fiji. The Cook Islands participates in the Pacific Islands Forum meeting each year and participates in Solomon regional interventions and regional counter-terrorism cooperation. In June 2000, the Cook Islands joined the “ACP Group” and signed the “Cotonou Agreement” (formerly the “Lome Agreement”) on the economic and trade partnership document with the EU-15 in Benin. To strengthen relations with the EU, the Cook Islands appointed the first special representative to the European Union. In August, the Cook Islands officially signed the “Chinese-Western Tai Fisheries Convention.” In April and August 2004, Prime Minister Winton of the Cook Islands attended the special summit of the Pacific Islands Forum held in New Zealand and the annual summit of the forum held in Samoa. In January and October 2005, Prime Minister Marule of the Cook Islands attended the “International Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States” held in Mauritius and the Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Papua New Guinea. In May, June and October 2006, Cook Islands Prime Minister Marului attended the 4th “Japan-Pacific Island Countries Summit” held in Okinawa, Japan, and the second “France-Oceania” in Paris, France. Summit, the 37th Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Nadi, Fiji. In August, New Zealand Governor Cartwright attended the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the Cook Islands Autonomy. In September, the Queen of Cook Islands represented Goodwin to Tonga to attend the funeral of King Tupou IV. In May and October 2007, Cook Islands Prime Minister Marului attended the Pacific Islands Countries Core Partners Conference in Washington, DC, and the 38th Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Tonga. In July, the 38th Nantai Common Parliament Association Conference was held in the Cook Islands. In August, New Zealand Governor Satyanand visited the Cook Islands. In February and August 2008, Cook Islands Prime Minister Maroure visited Solomon Islands and attended the 39th Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Niue. In January, May, August and December 2009, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands, Marule, attended the special summit of the Pacific Islands Forum held in Papua New Guinea and the Japan-Pacific Island Forum Summit in Hokkaido, Japan. The 40th Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Cairns, Australia, and the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark. In July, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited the Cook Islands. In September, the Cook Islands successfully hosted the South Pacific Small Games. In August 2010, Cook Islands Prime Minister Maroure attended the 41st Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Vanuatu. The International Telecommunication Union holds a Pacific Regional Conference in Rarotonga, Cook Islands. In June 2011, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands visited Japan and the two countries formally established diplomatic relations. In August, Cook Islands Prime Minister Pune visited New Zealand and attended the 42nd Pacific Islands Forum Summit. In November, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands attended the seventh meeting of the Pacific Community in New Caledonia, the Pacific Island Leaders Meeting in Hawaii and the Polynesian Subregional Leaders Meeting in Samoa. In December, the Cook Islands established diplomatic relations with the Philippines. In January 2012, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands attended the Pacific Island Countries Leaders Meeting in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. In February, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Cook Islands. In May, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands attended the United Nations Conference on Energy Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States in Barbados and the Japan-Pacific Island Countries Summit in Okinawa, Japan. In June, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands attended the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Samoan’s independence. In August, the Cook Islands hosted the 43rd Pacific Islands Forum Summit. In November, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands went to Papua New Guinea to host the special meeting of the leaders of the ACP Pacific Island Countries. In February 2013, Cook Islands Prime Minister Pune, Finance Minister Brown and Ocean Resources Minister Bishop held the second joint ministerial forum between the two countries in Queenstown, New Zealand, with New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely. In March, Cook Islands Prime Minister Pune went to Tonga and New Zealand to attend the Pacific Island Leaders Energy Summit and the Pacific Energy Summit. In February 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Cook Islands to attend the groundbreaking ceremony for the three-way cooperative water supply project in New Zealand, China and Cook Islands. In May, the Pacific Islands Forum Summit was held in Rarotonga, the capital of the Cook Islands. In February 2015, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands visited New Zealand. In March, Australian Foreign Minister Bishop visited the library. In May 2015, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the library. In August, Cook Islands Prime Minister Pune visited New Zealand. In April 2016, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands visited New Zealand to inspect the local fishery. In February 2017, Prime Minister Pune of the Cook Islands visited Singapore, and New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the library. In June, New Zealand Prime Minister Inglich visited the library. In the same month, the Cook Islands signed the Agreement on Closer Economic Relations in the Pacific. In March 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Aden visited the Cook Islands.