【议会】一院制。1984年3月31日成立立法议会。由20名议员和1名委任的议长组成。20名议员中，14名由14个村选区推选，其余6名由普选产生，任期3年。选举后产生的新一届议会首次会议通常由议长主持，从当选议员中选举出总理。本届议会于2017年5月选举产生，托克·塔拉吉（Toke Talagi）再度胜选连任，第四次出任总理。议长为托吉亚·皮希吉亚（Togiavalu Pihigia）。
【政府】本届政府内阁成员包括：总理兼内阁与立法、财政与发展计划、检察、公务员、警察与国家安全、燃料、内政与采矿、住房、海关、旅游、纽埃发展银行、纽埃邮政与钱币公司事务部长托克·塔拉吉；社会服务、司法、土地与统计、卫生、教育、体育和妇女事务、社区事务部长比利·塔拉吉（Billy Talagi)；自然资源、农业、林业和渔业、气象、环境事务多尔顿·塔格拉吉（Dalton Tagelagi）；基础设施、交通、通信、公共事务部长波科托亚·希佩利（Pokotoa Sipeli）。
[Country name] Niue.
[Area] 260 square kilometers.
[Population] 1618 people (2017), and another 12,000 people live in New Zealand. It is a Polynesian race. 75% of the residents believe in Eklisia Niue, 10% believe in Mormonism, and 5% believe in Roman Catholicism. Universal Niue and English.
[Capital] Alofi, with about 900 residents.
[Head of State] Queen Elizabeth II of England. The Queen’s representative is the Governor of New Zealand, and the current Governor, Patsy Reddy, took office on September 28, 2016 for a five-year term.
[Important Festival] Constitution Day (National Day): October 19.
[A brief history] Polynesians settled here more than 1,000 years ago. In 1774 the British discovered Niue. In 1900, it became the British “protected place”. In 1901, it was part of the Cook Islands and belonged to New Zealand. In 1904, an administrative agency was established separately. Internal self-government was implemented in 1974, maintaining free contact with New Zealand. The Niue government enjoys full administrative and legislative power. At the request of the Niue government, the New Zealand government can assist in handling defense and foreign affairs. The New Zealand Government and the Niue Government exchanged high commissioners. The Niue people also enjoy dual citizenship in Niue and New Zealand.
[Parliament] a one-chamber system. The Legislative Assembly was established on March 31, 1984. It consists of 20 members and one appointed speaker. Of the 20 members, 14 were elected by 14 village constituencies and the remaining 6 were elected by universal suffrage for a term of three years. The first meeting of the new parliament, which emerged after the election, is usually chaired by the Speaker and the Prime Minister is elected from among the elected members. The current parliament was elected in May 2017, and Toke Talagi was re-elected for re-election and the fourth time as prime minister. The speaker is Togiavalu Pihigia.
[Government] The current government cabinet members include: Prime Minister and Cabinet and Legislation, Finance and Development Plan, Prosecution, Civil Service, Police and National Security, Fuel, Home and Mining, Housing, Customs, Tourism, Niue Development Bank, Niue Post Toke Talagi, Minister of Coin and Corporate Affairs; Billy Talagi, Minister of Social Services, Justice, Land and Statistics, Health, Education, Sports and Women’s Affairs, Community Affairs; Natural Resources, Agriculture, Forestry And fishery, meteorology, environmental affairs Dalton Tagelagi; Pokotoa Sipeli, Minister of Infrastructure, Transport, Communications, and Public Affairs.
[Judiciary] The High Court has the power to appeal to the New Zealand High Court. There is also a land court to deal with land disputes.
[Important] Tok Taraji: Prime Minister. Born in January 1951, he graduated from Massey University in New Zealand in 1975 with a bachelor’s degree in agriculture and then returned to China as an animal husbandry official. Since 1981, he has served as Consul General of the Niue High Commission in New Zealand and Director of the Niue Economic Affairs Office. Elected as a member in 1999. In 2002, he served as Deputy Prime Minister responsible for finance, postal, communications, education and the environment. Since 2005, he has served as the ambassador of the tour and the representative of Niue-ACP-EU. In June 2008, he was elected prime minister. In May 2011, April 2014, and May 2017, he was re-elected three times.
[Economy] Natural resources are poor. The main industries are agriculture, tourism and fisheries. Economically, it relies heavily on New Zealand aid and remittances. The outflow of the population is serious. In recent years, the government has actively adopted measures such as developing the private sector and tourism, expanding exports and streamlining government workers to develop the economy. In New Zealand currency, S$1 is approximately $0.68 (January 2019). In 2014, the gross domestic product (GDP) was $24.74 million and the per capita GDP was $17,000. In the same year, the tax revenue was 3.63 million US dollars.
[Industrial] There is a small fruit processing factory. The annual output of sawn wood is several hundred cubic meters for local construction.
[Agriculture] has 21,000 hectares of arable land. It mainly produces taro, coconut, potato and fruit. Raise poultry, pigs and cattle.
[Tourism] Pay attention to the development of tourism as a leader in promoting economic development. In 1996, the Tourism Bureau was set up to invest in tourist spots and hotels. There are currently one hotel and several small hotels. In 2013, there were more than 7,000 visitors, an increase of 40% over the previous year.
[Transportation] The total length of the highway is 128 kilometers. In 1996, an asphalt road with a length of 38.2 kilometers and running through the whole island was opened. The Jungle Truck Road is 106 km. In October 2005, the Niue government signed an agreement with Air New Zealand, and Singapore Airlines began implementing the new Niue Airways in November 2005. There is a weekly flight to and from Alofi and Auckland, New Zealand. The Boeing 737 and 767 aircraft can be landed at Hanan International Airport. The shipping operations in Niue to New Zealand, Cook Islands and Tahiti are operated by the New Zealand Shipping Company and there is a maritime service to and from New Niue every three to four weeks. Small Cook Islands container ships arrive in Niue twice a month, in addition to some irregular passenger ships. In March 2013, the Niue government signed an agreement with Air New Zealand. Singapore Airlines will increase its flight to Niue every two weeks during the tourist season from April to October.
[Foreign Trade] The main trade target is New Zealand. The main export products are fish, taro and honey, mainly imported food, beverage, machinery and building materials. In 2011, Niue’s exports amounted to US$291,000 and imports amounted to US$11.76 million.
[Foreign Aid] The Niue Constitution stipulates that New Zealand is obliged to provide assistance to Niue. New Zealand is Niue’s largest donor. The amount of aid accounts for more than 50% of New Zealand’s GDP. The main areas of assistance are tourism, health, education, forestry and the private sector. New Zealand’s FY15/FY16 assistance to Niue was S$22.5 million, with assistance to Niue for S$13.8 million in FY 2016/17 and S$14.41 million for Niue’s aid budget for FY18/19. New Zealand also receives assistance from countries and international organizations such as Australia, Japan, the European Union, China, India, South Korea, and the United Nations Development Program. In January 2004, Niue was hit by the strongest hurricane in history and the situation was severe. Assistance was provided by Australia, New Zealand, China, France, French Polynesia and the European Union. In January 2014, 5,000 water storage tank projects jointly assisted by the European Union, Australia and the Global Environment Facility were completed.
[Education] Compulsory education for children aged 5-14. There is 1 elementary school and 1 middle school (including high school). Teachers are mainly selected locally, and 15-20 teachers are hired each year from New Zealand or other countries. Currently, Niue School introduces New Zealand curriculum and its high school education is recognized by the New Zealand Education Certification Body.
[Press and Publication] The Information Office of the Government published the English and New Haven weekly “Toshitala Niue”. Niue Broadcasting Corporation is owned by the government. It has “Sunshine” radio stations and Niue TV stations. Niue TV stations mainly broadcast New Zealand TV programs. In 1998, Niue built the first cinema.
[Health] Free medical care is provided, and medical expenses are funded by New Zealand. There is 1 hospital and 1 dental clinic.
[Military] According to the 1974 Constitution Act, New Zealand is responsible for the defense of Niue, but with the consent of the Niue government. The Royal New Zealand Air Force regularly patrols the Niue exclusive economic zone.
[External Relations] Niue is not a member of the United Nations. Niue maintains free contact with New Zealand. As Niue asked, New Zealand has an obligation to help Niue deal with its foreign affairs. New Zealand and Niue exchanged high commissioners, and New Zealand’s high-ranking office in Niue was the only diplomatic agency in Niue. New Zealand is also the only country in Niue that has established a representative office abroad. Niue has set up a high-tech office in Wellington and a consulate general in Auckland. In April and August 2004, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian attended the Pacific Summit Forum special summit in Auckland and the Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Samoa. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister Clark visited Niue. In November, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian went to Belgium to attend the EU-ACP parliamentary plenary meeting and environmental conference. In January 2005, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian attended the International Conference on Disaster Reduction held in Japan and donated S$25,000 to the tsunami-affected countries in Southeast Asia. In April, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian visited Fiji and reached an agreement with Fiji to exchange the other’s airspace. In May and June 2006, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian went to Okinawa and Paris to attend the 4th “Japan-Pacific Island Countries Summit” and the 2nd “France-Oceania Summit”. In August, Niue’s Prime Minister Wei An was invited to attend the inauguration ceremony of New Zealand Governor Satyanand and visit the new. In October, Niue’s Prime Minister Vivian went to Fiji to attend the 37th Pacific Islands Forum Summit. In April 2007, New Zealand Governor Satyanand visited Niue. In July and October 2008, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji visited New Zealand twice. In August, the 39th Pacific Islands Forum Summit and post-conference dialogue was held in Niue. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke went to Niue to attend the celebration of the Constitution Day of Niue. In February 2009, Niue’s Prime Minister Talaj visited Japan and met with Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso. In May, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji attended the “Japan-Pacific Island Countries Summit” held in Hokkaido, Japan. In July, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Niue. In December, Niue Prime Minister Taraji attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark. In August 2010, Niue Prime Minister Taraji went to Vanuatu to attend the 41st Pacific Islands Forum Summit. In October, the Pacific Islands Forum Economic Ministers Meeting was held in Niue. Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji donated $43,000 in aid to the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand. In March 2011, the Pacific Climate Change Roundtable was held in Niue. In May and September, Niue Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Taraji went to South Korea and New Zealand to attend the first Korea-Pacific Island Countries Foreign Ministers Meeting and the 42nd Pacific Islands Forum Summit. In November, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji attended the Pacific Island Leaders’ Meeting in Hawaii. In May 2012, Niue Prime Minister Taraji attended the Japan-Pacific Island Countries Summit in Okinawa, Japan. In August, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji attended the 43rd Pacific Islands Forum Summit in the Cook Islands. In March 2013, Niue Prime Minister Taraji attended the Pacific Energy Summit in Auckland, New Zealand. In June 2014, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Niue and met with Prime Minister Taraji, announcing that the new party will provide NZ$1.35 million in free assistance for the Niue Tourism Development and Renewable Energy Project, and together with Prime Minister Tajik The repaired Niue Airport terminal is cut. In August, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji attended the 45th Pacific Islands Forum Summit in Palau. In September, Prime Minister Tulaji of Niue went to Samoa to attend the Third International Conference of Small Island Developing States. In November, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji went to New Caledonia to attend the meeting between French President Hollande and some Pacific island leaders. In the same month, Niue’s Prime Minister Taraji went to Suva, Fiji, to attend the meeting between Indian Prime Minister Modi and the leaders of the Pacific island countries. In February 2015, Niue Prime Minister Talaj visited New Zealand. In October, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Niue. In March 2017, New Zealand Governor Reddy visited Niue. In June, New Zealand Prime Minister Inglich visited Niue. In the same month, the Niue representative signed the Pacific Closer Economic Relations Agreement in Tonga. In March 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited Niue.
Niue is not a member of the United Nations. It is a member of UNESCO, the World Health Organization, the World Food and Agriculture Organization, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Pacific Community, the South Pacific Tourism Organization, the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Bureau and the Associate Commonwealth Member States. In 2000, Niue signed the Cotonou Agreement (formerly the Lomé Agreement). In 2002, Niue joined the Pacific Compact Economic Relations Agreement. In December 2008, Niue decided to join the UN Carbon Balance Network. In April 2009, Niue signed a regional fuel cooperation agreement during the Pacific Island Countries Energy Ministers Meeting. In April 2012, Niue signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.