New Zealand 新西兰

【国名】新西兰(New Zealand)。

【面积】约27万平方公里。

【人口】491万(2019年1月)。其中,欧洲移民后裔占74%,毛利人占15%,亚裔占12%,太平洋岛国裔占7%(部分为多元族裔认同)。官方语言为英语、毛利语。48.9%的居民信奉基督教新教和天主教。

【首都】惠灵顿(Wellington)。平均气温夏季16℃左右,冬季8℃左右。

【国家元首】英国女王伊丽莎白二世。总督为女王代表,由总理提名,女王任命,任期5年。现任总督帕齐·雷迪(Patsy Reddy),2016年9月28日就职。

【重要节日】国庆日:2月6日,称“威坦哲日”(Waitangi Day)。

【简况】位于太平洋西南部,西隔塔斯曼海与澳大利亚相望,相距1600公里。由南岛、北岛及一些小岛组成,南、北两岛被库克海峡相隔。全境多山,山地和丘陵占全国面积的75%以上,平原狭小。河流短而湍急,航运不便,但水利资源丰富。北岛多火山和温泉,南岛多冰河与湖泊。南岛的库克峰海拔3754米,为全国最高峰。海岸线长约1.5万公里。属温带海洋性气候。平均气温夏季20℃左右,冬季10℃左右。年平均降水量600-1500毫米。

1350年起,毛利人在新西兰定居。1642年荷兰航海者在新西兰登陆。1769年至1777年,英国库克船长先后5次到新西兰。此后英国向新西兰大批移民并宣布占领。1840年2月6日,英国迫使毛利人族长签订《威坦哲条约》,新西兰成为英国殖民地。1907年独立,成为英国自治领,政治、经济、外交受英国控制。1947年成为主权国家,同时为英联邦成员。

[Country name] New Zealand.

[Area] is about 270,000 square kilometers.

[Population] 4.91 million (January 2019). Among them, European immigrants accounted for 74%, Maori accounted for 15%, Asian Americans accounted for 12%, and Pacific Islanders accounted for 7% (partially for multi-ethnic identity). The official language is English and Maori. 48.9% of the residents believe in Protestantism and Catholicism.

[Capital] Wellington. The average temperature is around 16 °C in summer and around 8 °C in winter.

[Head of State] Queen Elizabeth II of England. The Governor is the representative of the Queen, nominated by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Queen for a term of five years. The current Governor, Patsy Reddy, took office on September 28, 2016.

[Important Festival] National Day: On February 6, it is called “Waitangi Day”.

[Profile] Located in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean, the Tasman Sea is across the river from Australia, 1600 km away. It consists of the South Island, the North Island and some small islands. The South and North Islands are separated by the Cook Strait. The whole territory is mountainous, mountains and hills account for more than 75% of the country’s area, and the plains are narrow. The river is short and rushing, shipping is inconvenient, but water resources are abundant. There are many volcanoes and hot springs in the North Island and many glaciers and lakes in the South Island. The Cook Peak in the South Island is 3,754 meters above sea level and is the highest peak in the country. The coastline is about 15,000 kilometers long. It is a temperate maritime climate. The average temperature is around 20 °C in summer and around 10 °C in winter. The annual average precipitation is 600-1500 mm.

From 1350 onwards, Maori settled in New Zealand. Dutch navigators landed in New Zealand in 1642. From 1769 to 1777, Captain Cook of England went to New Zealand five times. Since then, the United Kingdom has immigrated to New Zealand and announced its occupation. On February 6, 1840, the British forced the Maori patriarch to sign the Treaty of Waitangi, and New Zealand became a British colony. In 1907, he became an independent British leader, and his politics, economy, and diplomacy were controlled by the British. In 1947, he became a sovereign state and a member of the Commonwealth.

【宪法】无成文宪法。其宪法是由英国议会和新西兰议会先后通过的一系列法律和修正案以及英国枢密院的某些决定所构成。

【议会】一院制,仅设众议院,成立于1854年。议员由普选产生,任期3年。本届议会为第52届,于2017年11月组成。共有议席120个,其中国家党56席,工党46席,新西兰第一党9席,绿党8席,行动党1席。现任议长特雷弗·马拉德(Trevor Mallard)。

【政治】自1935年起,工党和国家党轮流执政。1993年11月,全民投票决定将议会选举制度由简单多数制改为混合比例代表制。1996年10月举行首次混合比例代表制大选,国家党与新西兰第一党组成联合政府。2017年9月,新西兰举行新一届大选。10月,工党与新西兰第一党、绿党联合组成新一届政府,工党领袖杰辛达·阿德恩(Jacinda Ardern)任总理。

【政府】总督和部长组成的行政会议是法定最高行政机构。行政会议由总督主持,总督缺席时由总理或高级部长主持。总督行使权力必须以行政会议的建议为指导。内阁掌握实权。本届政府由工党、新西兰第一党、绿党于2017年10月组成,现有成员26人,其中内阁部长19人,非内阁部长7人。主要成员包括:总理阿德恩、副总理兼外长温斯顿·彼得斯(Winston Peters)、财政部长格兰特·罗伯逊(Grant Robertson)、住房和城市发展部长菲尔·特怀福德(Phil Twyford)、经济发展部长戴维·帕克(David Parker)等。

【行政区划】全国设有11个大区,5个单一辖区,67个地区行政机构(其中包括13个市政厅、53个区议会和查塔姆群岛议会)。主要城市有:惠灵顿、奥克兰、克赖斯特彻奇(基督城)、哈密尔顿、达尼丁等。

【司法机构】设有最高法院、上诉法院、高等法院、若干地方法院和受理就业、家庭、青年事务、毛利人事务、环境等相关法律问题的专门法院。最高法院2004年1月1日成立,取代英国枢密院成为终审法院,由首席大法官和4名法官组成。现任首席大法官为沙恩·伊莱亚斯(DameSian Elias),1999年就职。上诉法院由院长和9名法官组成,现任院长为史蒂芬·科斯(Stephen Kós),2012年8月6日就职。高等法院由38名法官和7名协理法官组成,现任首席法官为杰弗里·文宁(Goeffrey Venning),2015年6月1日就职。

[Constitution] There is no written constitution. Its constitution is composed of a series of laws and amendments successively passed by the British Parliament and the New Zealand Parliament, as well as certain decisions of the British Privy Council.

[Parliament] One-house system, only the House of Representatives, was established in 1854. Members are elected by universal suffrage for a term of three years. The current parliament is the 52nd and was formed in November 2017. There are 120 seats in total, including 56 for the National Party, 46 for the Labor Party, 9 for the New Zealand First Party, 8 for the Green Party, and 1 for the Action Party. The current Speaker, Trevor Mallard.

[Politics] Since 1935, the Labor Party and the National Party have taken turns in power. In November 1993, the referendum decided to change the parliamentary electoral system from a simple majority system to a mixed proportional representation system. In October 1996, the first mixed proportional representation system was held. The National Party and the New Zealand First Party formed a coalition government. In September 2017, New Zealand held a new general election. In October, the Labor Party formed a new government with the New Zealand First Party and the Green Party. Labour Party leader Jacinda Ardern served as Prime Minister.

[Government] The executive meeting of the Governor and the Minister is the statutory highest administrative body. The Executive Council is chaired by the Governor and the Governor is presided over by the Prime Minister or the Senior Minister. The Governor’s exercise of power must be guided by the recommendations of the Executive Council. The cabinet has real power. The current government consists of the Labour Party, the New Zealand First Party, and the Green Party in October 2017. It has 26 members, including 19 cabinet ministers and 7 non-cabinet ministers. Key members include: Prime Minister Aden, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Winston Peters, Treasury Secretary Grant Robertson, and Housing and Urban Development Minister Phil Twyford , Economic Development Minister David Parker and so on.

[Administrative Division] There are 11 large regions, 5 single jurisdictions, and 67 regional administrative agencies (including 13 city halls, 53 district councils, and Chatham Islands Parliament). Major cities are: Wellington, Oakland, Christchurch (Christchurch), Hamilton, Dunedin, etc.

[Judiciary] There are special courts of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the High Court, a number of local courts, and related legal issues concerning employment, family, youth affairs, Maori affairs, and the environment. The Supreme Court was established on January 1, 2004, replacing the British Privy Council as the Court of Final Appeal, consisting of the Chief Justice and four judges. The current Chief Justice is Dame Sian Elias, who took office in 1999. The Court of Appeal consists of the President and nine judges. The current Dean is Stephen Kós, who took office on August 6, 2012. The High Court is composed of 38 judges and 7 associate judges. The current Chief Justice is Goeffrey Venning, who took office on June 1, 2015.

【政党】注册政党18个。主要有:

(1)工党(Labour Party):执政党。1916年成立。主要代表中低收入者利益,工会组织和毛利人是其传统支持者。主张实行民主社会主义,重视社会福利制度,社会政策上加大政府干预。多次执政。2017年大选后联合新西兰第一党、绿党再次上台执政。现任领袖杰辛达·阿德恩。

(2)国家党(National Party):最大反对党。1936年由自由党和改良党合并而成。主要代表农场主、大企业家、律师等的利益。主张实行自由市场经济和私有化,反对政府过多干预经济,严格规范福利政策,削减政府开支。多次执政。2017年大选败选后成为反对党。现任领袖西蒙·布里奇斯(Simon Bridges)。

(3)新西兰第一党(NZ First Party):1993年成立,曾于1996年至1998年与国家党联合组阁,2005年至2008年与工党联合组阁。主张加大对大城市以外的其他地方经济发展的支持,主张限制外来移民,反对向外国人出售战略性土地和资产,反对放宽外国留学生数量。2017年大选后联合工党、绿党上台执政。现任领袖为温斯顿·彼得斯(Winston Peters)。

(4)绿党(Green Party):前身为价值党,1972年成立,1990年与绿色和平组织合并,改为现名。积极致力于反战、反核、环保运动和维护老年人、贫困家庭等弱势群体利益。1991年加入联盟党。1999年脱离联盟党。2017年9月大选后联合工党、新西兰第一党上台执政。现任领袖詹姆斯·肖(James Shaw)。

(5)毛利党(Maori Party):2004年4月,因在毛利人问题上与工党政府意见相左,协理毛利事务部长塔里安娜·图里娅(Tariana Turia)辞职并组建毛利党。主张维护毛利人传统利益,保护毛利文化、习俗和语言。现任联合领袖弗拉维尔(TeUruroa Flavell)和福克斯(Marama Fox)。

(6)行动党(ACT Party):前身是工党政府部长罗杰·道格拉斯(Roger Douglas)创立的消费者及纳税人协会,1994年11月改为现名。代表企业界利益,支持者多为大财团及富商。现任领袖大卫·西摩(David Seymour)。

(7)马纳党(Mana Party):2011年4月,毛利党议员霍恩·哈拉维拉(Hone Harawira)率支持者脱离毛利党组建。

其他政党有:保守党(Conservative Party)、互联网党(Internet Party)等。

[Party] 18 registered political parties. There are:

(1) Labour Party: The ruling party. Established in 1916. Mainly representing the interests of low- and middle-income people, trade union organizations and Maori are their traditional supporters. It advocates the implementation of democratic socialism, attaches importance to the social welfare system, and increases government intervention in social policies. Governed many times. After the 2017 general election, the New Zealand First Party and the Green Party came to power again. The current leader, Jessinda Aden.

(2) National Party: The largest opposition party. In 1936, it was formed by the merger of the Liberal Party and the Reform Party. It mainly represents the interests of farmers, big entrepreneurs, lawyers, etc. It advocates a free market economy and privatization, opposes excessive government intervention in the economy, strict regulation of welfare policies, and reduction of government spending. Governed many times. After the election in 2017, he became an opposition party. The current leader is Simon Bridges.

(3) New Zealand First Party (NZ First Party): Established in 1993, it was jointly formed with the National Party from 1996 to 1998, and formed a joint cabinet with the Labor Party from 2005 to 2008. It advocates increasing support for economic development in other places outside the big cities, advocates restricting immigrants, opposes the sale of strategic land and assets to foreigners, and opposes the relaxation of the number of foreign students. After the 2017 general election, the Labor Party and the Green Party came to power. The current leader is Winston Peters.

(4) Green Party: The predecessor was the Value Party, which was established in 1972. It merged with Greenpeace in 1990 and changed its current name. Actively committed to anti-war, anti-nuclear, environmental protection campaigns and safeguarding the interests of vulnerable groups such as the elderly and poor families. Joined the Alliance Party in 1991. In 1999, he left the coalition party. After the September 2017 general election, the United Labor Party and the New Zealand First Party came to power. The current leader, James Shaw.

(5) Maori Party: In April 2004, due to the disagreement with the Labor government on the Maori issue, Associate Maori Affairs Minister Tariana Turia resigned and formed the Maori Party. It advocates safeguarding the traditional interests of Maori and protecting Maori culture, customs and language. The current co-leaders are TeUruroa Flavell and Marama Fox.

(6) ACT Party: Formerly known as the Consumer and Taxpayers Association founded by Labor Party Minister Roger Douglas, it was renamed in November 1994. On behalf of the interests of the business community, supporters are mostly large consortia and wealthy businessmen. The current leader, David Seymour.

(7) Mana Party: In April 2011, Maori Party member Hone Harawira led supporters from the Maori Party.

Other political parties include the Conservative Party and the Internet Party.

【重要人物】帕齐·雷迪:总督。女,生于新西兰北岛玛塔玛塔地区。获惠灵顿维多利亚大学法学学士、硕士学位。毕业后留校任教。1982年加入新西兰最大律所铭德律师事务所,专长税法、公司法和电影法。1987年起在布赖尔利投资公司工作。1999年作为创始人之一成立私人投资公司。此外,历任新西兰电信公司、南方石油公司、邮政局、电影档案馆、电影委员会、新西兰运输局等部门顾问和管理职务。2016年9月就任新西兰第21任总督。

杰辛达·阿德恩:总理。女,1980年7月生于新西兰哈密尔顿。毕业于怀卡托大学传媒专业。1997年加入工党。2008年当选新西兰议会议员并连任至今。曾任工党司法、儿童、文化艺术遗产、小企业事务发言人。2017年3月任工党副领袖,8月任工党领袖。10月任总理。

西蒙·布里奇斯:反对党国家党领袖。1992年加入国家党青年团。2008年当选国家党议员并连任至今。曾任新西兰能源和资源、经济发展、交通、通讯技术部长。2018年2月出任国家党领袖。

【经济】以农牧业为主,农牧产品出口约占出口总量的50%。羊肉和奶制品出口量居世界第一位,羊毛出口量居世界第三位。主要经济数据如下:

国内生产总值(2017年度):2830亿新元

人均国内生产总值(2017年度):约5.9万新元

经济增长率(2017年度):2.9%。

货币:新西兰元(1新元≈0.68美元,2019年1月)。

失业率:3.9%(2018年9月)。

外汇储备:263亿新元(2018年12月)。

[Important] Pazzi Reddy: Governor. Female, born in the Matamata area of ​​the North Island of New Zealand. Received a bachelor’s and master’s degree in law from the University of Victoria, Wellington. After graduation, stay in school and teach. In 1982, he joined New Zealand’s largest law firm, Mingde Law Firm, specializing in tax law, corporate law and film law. Worked at the Briarley Investment Company since 1987. In 1999, he founded a private investment company as one of the founders. In addition, he has served as a consultant and management position for New Zealand Telecommunications Corporation, Southern Oil Company, Post Office, Film Archives, Film Commission, New Zealand Transit Authority and other departments. In September 2016, he became the 21st Governor of New Zealand.

Jessinda Aden: Prime Minister. Female, born in July 1980 in Hamilton, New Zealand. Graduated from the University of Waikato Media. Joined the Labor Party in 1997. In 2008, he was elected to the New Zealand Parliament and re-elected to this day. He has served as a spokesperson for the Labor Party’s Judiciary, Children, Cultural and Artistic Heritage, and Small Business Affairs. In March 2017, he served as the deputy leader of the Labor Party and in August he was the leader of the Labor Party. In October, he served as prime minister.

Simon Bridges: Leader of the opposition National Party. In 1992, he joined the National Party Youth League. In 2008, he was elected as a member of the National Party and re-elected to this day. Former Minister of Energy and Resources, Economic Development, Transportation and Communication Technology of New Zealand. In February 2018, he became the leader of the National Party.

[Economy] is mainly based on agriculture and animal husbandry, and exports of agricultural and livestock products account for about 50% of total exports. The export volume of mutton and dairy products ranks first in the world, and wool exports rank third in the world. The main economic data are as follows:

Gross Domestic Product (2017): S$283 billion

Per capita GDP (2017): about S$59,000

Economic growth rate (2017): 2.9%.

Currency: New Zealand dollar ($1, $0.68, January 2019).

Unemployment rate: 3.9% (September 2018).

Foreign exchange reserves: S$26.3 billion (December 2018).

【工业】以农林牧产品加工为主,主要有奶制品、毛毯、食品、皮革、烟草、造纸和木材加工等轻工业,产品主要供出口。近年来,陆续建立了一些重工业,如炼钢、炼油、炼铝和制造农用飞机等。

【农业】农业高度机械化。主要农作物有小麦、大麦、燕麦、水果等。粮食不能自给,需从澳大利亚进口。2017年度,乳制品出口额为140亿新元,肉产品出口额为66亿新元。

【林业】森林面积810万公顷,其中自然林630万公顷,人造林180万公顷。主要出口产品有原木、木桨、纸及木板等,主要出口市场为澳大利亚、日本、中国、韩国、美国、印尼、中国台湾等。2017年度,林业出口额为46亿新元。

【畜牧业】畜牧业发达,畜牧业生产占地1352万公顷,为国土面积的一半。乳制品与肉类是最重要的出口产品。粗羊毛出口量居世界第一位,占世界总产量的25%。

【渔业】渔产丰富,拥有世界第四大专属经济区。200海里专属经济区内捕鱼潜力每年约50万吨,每年商业性捕捞和养殖鱼、贝类约60至65万吨,其中超过半数供出口。2017年,渔业产品出口总额为17亿新元。

【旅游业】2017年度,入境游客总人数为373万人次。游客主要来源地为:澳大利亚、中国、美国和英国等。

【交通运输】交通运输发达,通讯联络畅通。进出口货物主要靠海运,但空运在对外贸易中的重要性日增。

【财政金融】财政年度为每年7月1日至次年6月30日。经济增长率为0.3%,通货膨胀率为1.8%(2018年9月)。

[Industrial] is mainly engaged in the processing of agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry products, mainly in light industry such as dairy products, blankets, food, leather, tobacco, paper and wood processing. The products are mainly for export. In recent years, some heavy industries have been established, such as steel making, oil refining, aluminum smelting and manufacturing of agricultural aircraft.

[Agriculture] Agriculture is highly mechanized. The main crops are wheat, barley, oats, and fruits. Food cannot be self-sufficient and needs to be imported from Australia. In 2017, the export value of dairy products was S$14 billion, and the export value of meat products was S$6.6 billion.

[Forestry] The forest area is 8.1 million hectares, including 6.3 million hectares of natural forest and 1.8 million hectares of planted forest. The main export products are logs, wood pulp, paper and wood. The main export markets are Australia, Japan, China, South Korea, the United States, Indonesia, and Taiwan. In 2017, forestry exports amounted to S$4.6 billion.

[Animal husbandry] The animal husbandry industry is developed, and the livestock production covers an area of ​​13.52 million hectares, half of the country’s land area. Dairy and meat are the most important export products. The export volume of coarse wool ranks first in the world, accounting for 25% of the world’s total output.

[Fisheries] Rich in fishery, it has the world’s fourth largest exclusive economic zone. The fishing potential in the exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles is about 500,000 tons per year. About 60 to 650,000 tons of commercial fish and shellfish are harvested and farmed each year, of which more than half are for export. In 2017, the total export value of fishery products was S$1.7 billion.

[Tourism] In 2017, the total number of inbound tourists was 3.73 million. The main sources of tourists are: Australia, China, the United States and the United Kingdom.

[Transportation] Transportation is developed and communication is smooth. Import and export goods mainly rely on shipping, but the importance of air transport in foreign trade is increasing.

[Financial Finance] The fiscal year is from July 1st to June 30th of the following year. The economic growth rate is 0.3% and the inflation rate is 1.8% (September 2018).

【金融机构】(1)新西兰储备银行(Reserve Bank of New Zealand):中央银行。1934年成立时为私人银行,1936年起成为国家银行。主要职能是:制订和执行货币政策;管理货币发行;维持合理有效的财经体制;向国库部长提供政策咨询并执行外汇政策;每半年发布一次《新西兰经济展望》和《新西兰金融政策声明》。现任行长格雷姆·惠勒(Graeme Wheeler)。

(2)澳新银行财团(新西兰)有限公司[Australia and New Zealand Banking Group(NZ)LTD]:成立于1840年,是新西兰历史最悠久、规模最大的私营商业银行,母公司澳新银行财团位列世界最大的100家银行。2003年10月以54亿新元从英国劳埃德银行收购新西兰国民银行,成为新第一大银行。

(3)新西兰银行(Bank of New Zealand):成立于1861年。1989年7月以前为国营,此后政府出售37.5%股份。1992年成为澳大利亚国家银行集团的子银行。有80万客户,400个国内分支机构。

【对外贸易】严重依赖外贸。2017度,新西兰外贸总额为1485.9亿新元,其中出口额763.4亿新元,进口额722.5亿新元。主要进口石油、机电产品、汽车、电子设备、纺织品等,出口乳制品、肉类、林产品、原油、水果和鱼类等。主要贸易伙伴为中国、澳大利亚、美国、日本、新加坡、韩国。

2017年度,主要贸易伙伴从新进口额为(单位:亿新元,下同):中国148、澳大利亚136、欧盟86、美国85、日本41;对新出口额为:欧盟130、澳大利亚120、中国113、美国85、日本41。

【对外投资】截至2017年底,新西兰在海外投资存量为2515亿新元,主要投资目的地为澳大利亚、美国、英国等。

【对外援助】对外援助以双边援助为主,以太平洋岛国为援助重点,主要援助方向为财政补贴、农牧林业、卫生保健、资源环境保护、文化遗产及人员培训等。2016/2017财年,新西兰对太平洋岛国地区援助情况(单位:万新元):巴布亚新几内亚3050,瓦努阿图2570,所罗门群岛2410,萨摩亚2230,斐济2160,库克群岛1930,基里巴斯1660,托克劳1596,纽埃1380,图瓦卢900。

【外国资本】新西兰是传统资金输入国,对外国投资实行国民待遇。外资主要分布在银行、电讯、交通、房地产、林业、畜牧业和旅游业等部门。截至2017年底,外国对新直接投资额为4067亿新元。主要投资来源国包括澳大利亚、美国、新加坡、荷兰、英国和日本。

[Financial Institutions] (1) Reserve Bank of New Zealand: Central Bank. It was a private bank when it was founded in 1934 and became a national bank since 1936. The main functions are: formulating and implementing monetary policy; managing currency issuance; maintaining a reasonable and effective financial system; providing policy advice to the Treasury Secretary and implementing foreign exchange policies; and issuing the New Zealand Economic Outlook and the New Zealand Financial Policy Statement every six months. The current president, Graeme Wheeler.

(2)Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (NZ) LTD: Established in 1840, it is New Zealand’s oldest and largest private commercial bank, and its parent company, ANZ Bank. The world’s 100 largest banks. In October 2003, it acquired New Zealand National Bank from Lloyds Bank of England for S$5.4 billion and became the new largest bank.

(3) Bank of New Zealand: Established in 1861. It was state-owned before July 1989, after which the government sold 37.5% of the shares. In 1992, he became a sub-bank of the Australian National Bank Group. There are 800,000 customers and 400 domestic branches.

[Foreign trade] relies heavily on foreign trade. In 2017, New Zealand’s foreign trade totaled 148.59 billion Singapore dollars, of which exports amounted to 76.34 billion Singapore dollars, and imports amounted to 72.25 billion Singapore dollars. It mainly imports petroleum, electromechanical products, automobiles, electronic equipment, textiles, etc., and exports dairy products, meat, forest products, crude oil, fruits and fish. The main trading partners are China, Australia, the United States, Japan, Singapore, and South Korea.

In 2017, the new trading partners’ new import amount is (unit: 100 million Singapore dollars, the same below): China 148, Australia 136, EU 86, US 85, Japan 41; the new export amount is: EU 130, Australia 120, China 113 , the United States 85, Japan 41.

[Foreign Investment] As of the end of 2017, New Zealand’s overseas investment stock was S$251.5 billion, with major investment destinations being Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

[Foreign Aid] Foreign aid is mainly based on bilateral aid, with Pacific Island countries as the focus of assistance. The main areas of assistance are financial subsidies, agriculture, animal husbandry, health care, resource and environmental protection, cultural heritage and personnel training. New Zealand’s assistance to Pacific island countries in the 2016/2017 fiscal year (unit: S$ million): Papua New Guinea 3050, Vanuatu 2570, Solomon Islands 2410, Samoa 2230, Fiji 2160, Cook Islands 1930, Kiribati 1660, Tok Labor 1596, Niue 1380, Tuvalu 900.

[Foreign Capital] New Zealand is a traditional capital importing country and applies national treatment to foreign investment. Foreign capital is mainly distributed in the banking, telecommunications, transportation, real estate, forestry, animal husbandry and tourism sectors. As of the end of 2017, foreign direct investment in new countries was 406.7 billion Singapore dollars. The main sources of investment include Australia, the United States, Singapore, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Japan.

【军事】总督为武装部队总司令,名义上的最高统帅。国防部长在国防军司令协助下行使对军队的实际控制权。国防军司令是国防部长的首席军事顾问,也是三军参谋长委员会主席。国防部秘书长是国防部首席文职顾问,负责研提防务政策建议、装备采购和维修更新等。1951年同澳大利亚和美国签订《澳新美安全条约》。1984年,工党执政后采取反核立场,新西兰议会于1987年通过《新西兰无核区、裁军和军备控制法案》,禁止美国核舰艇访新,美国因而中止双边防务合作。与澳大利亚签有防务合作协定和《进一步密切防务关系协定》,同东盟和南太岛国签有军队互助计划。与英国、澳大利亚、马来西亚和新加坡于1971年签署《五国联防安排》,1997年五国在南海进行签约后最大规模的军事演习。

2008年国家党执政后,着手调整国防政策。2010年11月,新西兰政府发布《国防白皮书》,规划了未来25年国防战略蓝图,明确新西兰国防军主要任务是:保护新西兰领土及太平洋岛国地区安全,与澳大利亚共同应对本地区突发事件;保持并增强在临近地区的作战能力,为维护亚洲和更大范围的稳定作贡献;保持与主要伙伴协同行动的能力;在维持贸易通道开放、保护海洋资源、实施人道主义救助及减灾等方面发挥作用。2016年6月,新西兰政府发布新版《国防白皮书》,明确新西兰将加大海空力量建设,增加反恐、网络、情报搜集、防灾减灾等方面投入,加强国际防务合作。2018年7月,新西兰工党联合政府发布“战略防务政策声明”,明确新西兰国防军的主要任务包括保卫主权和领土完整、密切关注外部战略环境并作出有效应对、为基于规则的国际秩序作贡献等。

1972年底取消征兵制,实行志愿兵役制。新西兰国防军共有约1.5万人,其中常规部队11563人(陆军6258人、海军2580人、空军2725人),预备役约2355人,文职人员约2887人。2018/2019财年军费预算为37.55亿新元。新西兰国防军司令为凯文·肖特(Kevin Short)中将。

【教育】国立中小学实行免费教育,入学年龄为5岁;对6~15岁青少年进行义务教育。主要大学包括:奥克兰大学、奥克兰理工大学、怀卡托大学、维多利亚大学、坎特伯雷大学、梅西大学、奥塔哥大学、林肯大学。主要赴新西兰留学生来源国有中国(包括香港)、韩国、日本、印度等。

[Military] The Governor is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the supreme commander of the name. The Minister of Defence, with the assistance of the Defence Force Commander, exercised actual control over the military. The commander of the National Defence Force is the chief military adviser to the Minister of Defense and the chairman of the Chiefs of Staff of the Three Armies. The Secretary-General of the Ministry of National Defense is the chief civilian consultant of the Ministry of National Defense, responsible for research and development of defense policy recommendations, equipment procurement and maintenance updates. In 1951, Australia and the United States signed the “Australia and New Zealand Security Treaty.” In 1984, after the Labor Party took office, it took an anti-nuclear stance. The New Zealand Parliament passed the New Zealand Nuclear-Free Zone, Disarmament and Arms Control Act in 1987, prohibiting US nuclear ships from visiting New Zealand. The United States thus suspended bilateral defense cooperation. Signed a defense cooperation agreement with Australia and the Agreement for Further Closed Defense Relations, and signed military mutual assistance programs with ASEAN and South Pacific Island countries. In 1971, the United Kingdom, Australia, Malaysia and Singapore signed the “Five-State Joint Defense Arrangement”. In 1997, the five countries conducted the largest military exercise after signing the contract in the South China Sea.

After the National Party came to power in 2008, it began to adjust its national defense policy. In November 2010, the New Zealand government issued the “National Defense White Paper” to plan the blueprint for the national defense strategy for the next 25 years. It is clear that the main tasks of the New Zealand Defence Force are: to protect the security of New Zealand territory and the Pacific island countries, and to cope with the emergency in the region with Australia; Enhance operational capabilities in adjacent areas, contribute to maintaining stability in Asia and beyond; maintain the ability to work with key partners; and play a role in maintaining trade channels, protecting marine resources, implementing humanitarian assistance, and reducing disasters. In June 2016, the New Zealand government issued a new version of the “National Defense White Paper”, clarifying that New Zealand will build sea and air power, increase investment in counter-terrorism, network, intelligence gathering, disaster prevention and mitigation, and strengthen international defense cooperation. In July 2018, the New Zealand Labor Party coalition government issued a “strategic defense policy statement” to clarify that the main tasks of the New Zealand Defence Force include defending sovereignty and territorial integrity, paying close attention to the external strategic environment and making effective responses to contribute to the rule-based international order.

At the end of 1972, the recruitment system was abolished and the voluntary military service system was implemented. The New Zealand Defence Force has a total of about 15,000 people, including 11,563 regular troops (6,258 Army, 2,580 Navy, 2,725 Air Force), 2,355 reserve officers and 2,887 civilian personnel. The military budget for the fiscal year 2018/2019 is S$3.755 billion. The commander of the New Zealand Defence Force is Lieutenant General Kevin Short.

[Education] Free education is provided in national primary and secondary schools. The age of enrollment is 5 years old; compulsory education is provided for young people aged 6-15. Major universities include: University of Auckland, Auckland University of Technology, Waikato University, Victoria University, University of Canterbury, Massey University, University of Otago, and University of Lincoln. The main source of international students studying in New Zealand is China (including Hong Kong), South Korea, Japan, and India.

【新闻出版】全国共有报纸100多种,其中日报23种,杂志300多种。《新西兰先驱报》是第一大日报,日发行量逾16.2万份。《自治领邮报》是第二大日报,由《晚邮报》和《自治领报》合并而成,日发行量9.8万份。《星期日明星时报》,唯一一份全国发行的大版面报纸,年发行量40万份。2003年,费尔法克斯(Fairfax)新西兰公司收购独立报业集团,成为新西兰最大的传媒集团。

广播电台遍及全国,共190多家,多数为商业电台。除新西兰广播公司为国有外,其余电台分属广播网(The Radio Network)和媒体工厂(Media Works)两大广播网络。近年来,政府资助成立了一些反映多元文化的公益性电台。

新西兰电台:前身为1925年成立的公共广播电台,1955年改建为国有公司。下辖国家广播电台调频电台以及中波、短波电台。国家台24小时播音,重点播发时事和国内政治新闻,覆盖96%国土。国际短波电台对太平洋岛国播出。

新西兰电视台:1962年正式开播,原由新西兰广播公司统管,1988年8月成为独立的国营企业。下设电视一台、电视二台等6个频道。主要播放新闻、体育、科教、影视等节目。用户约有112.6万,覆盖全国,收视率达70%。

电视三台:唯一一家私人电视台,由媒体工厂公司控股。1989年11月开播,以新闻、电视剧为主,覆盖面为全国人口的98%。

新西兰毛利电视台:2004年3月28日正式开播。

[Press and Publication] There are more than 100 newspapers in the country, including 23 kinds of daily newspapers and more than 300 magazines. The New Zealand Herald is the largest daily newspaper with a daily circulation of more than 162,000 copies. The Dominion Post is the second largest daily newspaper, which was formed by the merger of “The Evening Post” and the “Dominion Post”, with a daily circulation of 98,000 copies. “Sunday Star Times”, the only large-format newspaper published nationwide, with an annual circulation of 400,000 copies. In 2003, Fairfax New Zealand acquired the Independent Press Group and became New Zealand’s largest media group.

There are more than 190 radio stations throughout the country, most of which are commercial radio stations. With the exception of the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation, the remaining stations are divided into two major broadcast networks: The Radio Network and Media Works. In recent years, the government has funded the establishment of a number of non-profit radio stations that reflect multiculturalism.

Radio New Zealand: The predecessor was the public radio station established in 1925 and was converted into a state-owned company in 1955. It has national radio stations, FM stations, and medium-wave and short-wave radio stations. The state station broadcasts 24 hours a day, focusing on current events and domestic political news, covering 96% of the country. International shortwave radio broadcasts to Pacific island countries.

New Zealand TV: officially launched in 1962, originally managed by the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation, and became an independent state-owned enterprise in August 1988. There are 6 channels including TV and TV 2. Mainly broadcast news, sports, science and education, film and other programs. There are about 1.126 million users, covering the whole country, with a viewing rate of 70%.

TV three: The only private TV station, controlled by the media factory company. It was launched in November 1989 and is mainly based on news and TV dramas, covering 98% of the national population.

New Zealand Maori TV: officially launched on March 28, 2004.

【对外关系】强调对外政策的根本目的是维护世界、特别是太平洋地区的和平,以保障新西兰主权与安全,维护经济利益。将同澳大利亚和太平洋岛国的关系作为对外政治、防务和经济关系的立足点;将亚太地区作为对外关系优先领域;积极发展与美国关系,维护与欧洲国家传统关系,强调发展与拉美新兴国家政治、经济关系;积极支持和参与联合国的维和行动和人道主义援助,寻求在国际组织中发挥作用;重视参与地区经济合作,签署并批准全面与进步跨太平洋伙伴关系协定(CPTPP),积极推动区域全面经济伙伴关系(RCEP)谈判;强调军队的防御性和参与维和、人道主义援助等多重功能;主张继续推动国际核裁军进程,最终全面销毁核武器;坚持南太平洋无核区,支持建立东南亚无核区;积极参与国际反恐合作,反对伊拉克战争,积极参与阿富汗、伊拉克战后重建;关注朝核问题,反对朝鲜发展核武器,希朝核问题通过和平方式得以解决;关注西亚北非局势。

【同澳大利亚的关系】1943年建交。新西兰将与澳大利亚关系置于外交防务政策优先位置,两国领导人定期会晤,接触频繁,双方在政治、经济、社会和安全以及国际领域的合作密切。2007年6月、12月,新西兰总理克拉克两次访澳。2008年1月,新西兰副总理兼财长卡伦访澳。6月,澳大利亚总理陆克文访新。2009年2月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希访澳。3月,新西兰总理约翰·基访澳。7月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希再次访澳。8月,新西兰总理约翰·基再次访澳,与澳总理陆克文共同主持首次联合内阁会议,并发表关于继续推进跨塔斯曼海峡合作的联合声明。2010年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访澳。10月,新西兰总理约翰·基在越南河内出席第五届东亚峰会期间与澳大利亚总理吉拉德举行首次正式会谈。11月,新西兰外长麦卡利、气候变化事务部长史密斯访澳。2011年2月,澳大利亚总理吉拉德访新,两国签署《进一步密切经济关系投资议定书》并发表《跨塔斯曼合作联合声明》,吉拉德应邀在新西兰议会演讲并成为首位在新议会演讲的外国领导人。澳大利亚国防部长史密斯访新。新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震后,澳大利亚提供380万美元援助,并向克市派出地震救援队及协助维持治安的警察志愿者。3月,澳大利亚总督布赖斯和总理吉拉德赴新西兰参加克市地震全国哀悼活动。澳大利亚外长陆克文访新。6月,新西兰总理约翰·基访澳,应邀在澳议会演讲并成为首位在澳议会演讲的新西兰领导人。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利访澳。澳大利亚副总理兼国库部长斯旺访新。10月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在澳大利亚珀斯举行的英联邦外长会议,并代表新西兰总理约翰·基出席英联邦首脑会议。2012年1月,新西兰总理约翰·基访澳,与澳总理吉拉德举行两国领导人年度会晤。4月、6月、11月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希三次访澳。2013年2月,澳大利亚总理吉拉德访新,与新总理约翰·基举行两国总理年度会晤。4月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼在奥克兰与澳大利亚国防部长史密斯举行会谈。10月,新西兰总理约翰·基访澳。澳大利亚外长毕晓普访新。11月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希访澳。2014年2月,新西兰总理约翰·基访澳,并与澳大利亚总理阿博特举行两国政府联合部长会议。10月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴澳参加第一次世界大战纪念活动。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴澳出席二十国集团领导人峰会。2015年2月、4月,澳总理阿博特两次访新。4月,新西兰副总理兼财政部长英格利希访澳。10月,澳总理特恩布尔访新。2017年2月,澳总理特恩布尔访新。2017年11月,新西兰总理阿德恩访澳。2018年3月,新西兰总理阿德恩访澳并举行两国领导人年度会晤。

1983年,两国签署《进一步密切经济关系协定》(CER)。1990年,两国宣布建立自由贸易区。1996年,两国签署《单一航空市场协定》,保障两国航空公司在对方国家享有“不受限制的飞行权”。1998年,两国签署《跨塔斯曼旅游安排》,规定两国公民可自由在对方国家生活和工作。2007年1月,两国就继续推进单一经济市场达成共识。

澳大利亚是新西兰第二大贸易伙伴。据新方统计,2017年,新澳双边贸易额为256亿新元,其中新方出口额为136亿新元,进口额为120亿新元。澳大利亚是新西兰第一大旅游客源国,2017年澳访新游客141.4万人次。

[External Relations] Emphasize that the fundamental purpose of foreign policy is to safeguard peace in the world, especially in the Pacific, in order to safeguard New Zealand’s sovereignty and security and safeguard economic interests. To use the relationship with Australia and the Pacific island countries as a foothold for foreign politics, defense and economic relations; to make the Asia-Pacific region a priority for foreign relations; to actively develop relations with the United States, to maintain traditional relations with European countries, and to emphasize the development and politics of emerging countries in Latin America, Economic relations; actively support and participate in UN peacekeeping operations and humanitarian assistance, seek to play a role in international organizations; attach importance to participating in regional economic cooperation, sign and ratify the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPP), and actively promote regional comprehensive economy Partnership (RCEP) negotiations; emphasizing the defensiveness of the military and participating in multiple functions such as peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance; advocating the continued advancement of the international nuclear disarmament process and the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons; adhering to the South Pacific nuclear-free zone and supporting the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Southeast Asia; Actively participate in international anti-terrorism cooperation, oppose the Iraq war, actively participate in post-war reconstruction in Afghanistan and Iraq; pay attention to the DPRK nuclear issue, oppose North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons, resolve the nuclear issue of the DPRK and the DPRK through peaceful means; and pay attention to the situation in West Asia and North Africa.

[Relationship with Australia] Established diplomatic relations in 1943. New Zealand will place its relations with Australia at the top of its diplomatic defense policy. The leaders of the two countries meet regularly and have frequent contacts. The two sides have close cooperation in politics, economy, society and security as well as in the international arena. In June and December 2007, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke visited Australia twice. In January 2008, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Karen visited Australia. In June, Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd visited the new office. In February 2009, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited Australia. In March, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia. In July, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited Australia again. In August, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia again and co-chaired the first joint cabinet meeting with Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd and issued a joint statement on continuing to promote cooperation across the Tasman Strait. In February 2010, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Australia. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key held his first formal meeting with Australian Prime Minister Gillard during the Fifth East Asia Summit in Hanoi, Vietnam. In November, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAleley and Climate Change Minister Smith visited Australia. In February 2011, Australian Prime Minister Gillard visited New Zealand, the two countries signed the “Procedure for Further Investment in Closer Economic Relations” and issued the “Joint Statement on Cross-Tasman Cooperation.” Gillard was invited to speak at the New Zealand Parliament and became the first speaker to speak in the new parliament. Foreign leader. Australian Defense Minister Smith visited the new. After the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, Australia provided $3.8 million in aid and sent an earthquake relief team to the city of Kyrgyzstan and police volunteers to help maintain law and order. In March, Australian Governor Bryce and Prime Minister Gillard went to New Zealand to participate in the national mourning activities of the Kyrgyz earthquake. Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd visited the new office. In June, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia and was invited to speak at the Australian Parliament and became the first New Zealand leader to speak at the Australian Parliament. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Australia. Australian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State Treasury Swan visited the new. In October, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely attended the Commonwealth Foreign Ministers Meeting in Perth, Australia, and represented New Zealand Prime Minister John Key at the Commonwealth Summit. In January 2012, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia and held an annual meeting of the leaders of the two countries with Australian Prime Minister Gillard. In April, June and November, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited Australia three times. In February 2013, Australian Prime Minister Gillard visited New Zealand and held an annual meeting with the new Prime Minister John Key. In April, New Zealand’s Secretary of Defense Coleman held talks with Australian Defense Minister Smith in Oakland. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia. Australian Foreign Minister Bishop visited the new. In November, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited Australia. In February 2014, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Australia and held a joint ministerial meeting of the two governments with Australian Prime Minister Abbot. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Australia to participate in the World War I commemoration. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Australia to attend the G20 Leaders Summit. In February and April 2015, Australian Prime Minister Abbot visited the company twice. In April, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Inglich visited Australia. In October, Australian Prime Minister Turnbull visited the new. In February 2017, Australian Prime Minister Turnbull visited the new. In November 2017, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited Australia. In March 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited Australia and held an annual meeting of leaders of the two countries.

In 1983, the two countries signed the Agreement on Further Closed Economic Relations (CER). In 1990, the two countries announced the establishment of a free trade zone. In 1996, the two countries signed the “Single Aviation Market Agreement” to ensure that the airlines of the two countries enjoy “unrestricted flight rights” in the other country. In 1998, the two countries signed the “Trans-Tasman Tourism Arrangement”, stipulating that citizens of both countries can live and work freely in each other’s country. In January 2007, the two countries reached a consensus on continuing to promote a single economic market.

Australia is New Zealand’s second largest trading partner. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the bilateral trade volume between New Zealand and Australia was S$25.6 billion, of which the new export volume was S$13.6 billion and the import value was S$12 billion. Australia is New Zealand’s largest tourist source country. In 2017, Australia visited 1.414 million new tourists.

【同美国的关系】1942年建交。1951年,新西兰、美国、澳大利亚缔结《澳新美安全条约》,新西兰成为美国盟国。20世纪80年代中期,工党政府奉行反核政策,拒绝美国核舰访新,美国将新西兰从盟国降为友好国家,并中止与新西兰防务合作。90年代,国家党政府积极改善与美国关系。1999年,工党政府上台后,坚持无核政策,强调根据现实利益处理与美国关系,无意恢复《澳新美安全条约》关系。“9·11”事件后,新西兰支持美国反恐行动,并派特种部队配合美国在阿富汗军事行动。2007年3月,新西兰总理克拉克访美。2008年7月,美国国务卿赖斯访新。2009年4月,新西兰外长麦卡利访美。5月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访美。9月,美国太平洋战区司令基廷访新。2010年1月,新美签署《科技合作协定》。4月,新西兰总理约翰·基访美并出席核安全峰会。美国参谋长联席会议副主席卡特赖特将军访新。5月,新西兰与美国、日本举行联合军演。9月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访美。10月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希访美。11月,美国国务卿克林顿访新,两国签署《惠灵顿宣言》,将两国关系提升为“新型战略伙伴”关系。新西兰总理约翰·基出席日本亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议期间会见美国总统奥巴马。2011年2月,新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震后,美国向克市派出地震救援队并提供40吨物资等援助。3月,美国国家情报总监克拉珀访新。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利访美。7月,新西兰总理约翰·基访美。9月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访美,出席由世界主要碳排放国代表参加的“主要经济体论坛”。10月,新西兰议长史密斯访美。11月,新西兰副总理英格利希出席在夏威夷举行的亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议。2012年4月,新西兰国防军和美军在新举行联合军演。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利和国防部长科尔曼访美并出席北约芝加哥峰会。新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访美。美国国土安全部长那波利塔诺访新。6月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼访美,并与美国国防部长帕内塔签署两国国防部间的《华盛顿宣言》。美国海军陆战队官兵访新并出席美国协防新西兰70年庆祝仪式。新西兰海军参加美国组织的2012年环太平洋军事演习。9月,美国国防部长帕内塔访新。2013年5月,第五届新美合作伙伴论坛在美国华盛顿举行,新西兰外长麦卡利、贸易部长格罗泽、国防军司令琼斯以及美副国务卿伯恩斯出席。麦卡利外长与美国务卿克里举行会谈。同月,新美第四次战略对话在华盛顿举行。7月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访美。10月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼访美。2014年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利宣布新西兰将在夏威夷设立总领馆。6月,新西兰总理约翰·基访美。同月,新西兰外长麦卡利赴美出席美国国务卿克里主持的“我们的海洋”国际会议。2015年11月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴菲律宾出席美国总统奥巴马主持的“跨太平洋伙伴关系协定”谈判国领导人会议。2017年6月,美国国务卿蒂勒森访新。2018年12月,新西兰副总理兼外长彼得斯访美。

美国是新西兰第四大贸易伙伴。据新方统计,2017年,新美双边贸易额为170亿新元,其中新方出口额为85亿新元,进口额为85亿新元。美国是新西兰第三大旅游客源国,2017年美访新游客29.7万人次。

【同日本的关系】1952年建交。新西兰重视发展与日关系,双边高层接触频繁。2008年5月,新西兰总理克拉克访日,首届日新伙伴关系论坛在东京召开。2009年5月,新西兰外长麦卡利访日并出席三年一度的日本-太平洋岛国论坛首脑会议。10月,新西兰总理约翰·基访日。2010年5月,新西兰与美国、日本举行联合军演。10月,新西兰农业部长卡特访日。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基访日并出席亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议。新西兰渔业部长希特利访日。2011年2月,新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震后,日本向克市派出地震救援队并提供50万美元援助。3月,日本发生地震海啸核泄漏灾害后,新西兰向日提供80万美元援助并派出救援队。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利访日。6月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访日。2012年6月,新西兰外长麦卡利访日。9月,新西兰总理约翰·基访日。2013年6月,日本外相岸田文雄访新。2014年5月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访日。7月,日本首相安倍晋三访新。2015年3月,新西兰总理约翰·基访日。2017年5月,新西兰总理英格利希访日。2018年5月,新西兰副总理兼外长彼得斯访日并出席第八届日本—太平洋岛国领导人会议。

新西兰反对日本在南太禁捕区进行科研性捕鲸、增加金枪鱼捕捞数量以及向南太地区海域运送和倾倒核废料。

日本是新西兰第五大贸易伙伴。两国签有渔业、民航协定。据新方统计,2017年,新日双边贸易额为82亿新元,其中新方出口额为41亿新元,进口额为41亿新元。2017年日访新游客10.1万人次。

[Relationship with the United States] Established diplomatic relations in 1942. In 1951, New Zealand, the United States, and Australia concluded the Australia-New Zealand Security Treaty, and New Zealand became an American ally. In the mid-1980s, the Labor Party government pursued an anti-nuclear policy and refused to visit the US nuclear ship. The United States reduced New Zealand from an allied country to a friendly country and suspended cooperation with New Zealand. In the 1990s, the National Party Government actively improved relations with the United States. In 1999, after the Labor Party government came to power, it insisted on a non-nuclear policy, emphasized the handling of relations with the United States based on actual interests, and did not intend to restore the relationship between the Australia, New Zealand and the United States. After the “9.11” incident, New Zealand supported the US anti-terrorist operation and sent special forces to cooperate with the US military operations in Afghanistan. In March 2007, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke visited the United States. In July 2008, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited New Zealand. In April 2009, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCulley visited the United States. In May, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiations Groze visited the United States. In September, Commander Keating of the US Pacific Theater visited New Zealand. In January 2010, New America signed the Agreement on Science and Technology Cooperation. In April, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited the United States and attended the Nuclear Security Summit. General Cartwright, Vice-President of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States, visited the new. In May, New Zealand held joint military exercises with the United States and Japan. In September, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiation Groze visited the United States. In October, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited the United States. In November, US Secretary of State Clinton visited New Zealand and the two countries signed the “Wellington Declaration” to upgrade the relationship between the two countries to a “new strategic partnership.” New Zealand Prime Minister John Key met with US President Barack Obama during the APEC Leaders’ Informal Meeting. In February 2011, after the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, the United States sent an earthquake rescue team to the city of Keke and provided 40 tons of supplies and other assistance. In March, US National Intelligence Director Clapper visited New. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the United States. In July, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited the United States. In September, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiations Groze visited the United States to attend the “Main Economic Forum” attended by representatives of the world’s major carbon emitters. In October, New Zealand Speaker Smith visited the United States. In November, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister Inglich attended the APEC Informal Leadership Meeting in Hawaii. In April 2012, the New Zealand Defence Force and the US military held a new joint military exercise. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely and Secretary of Defense Coleman visited the United States and attended the NATO Chicago Summit. New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited the United States. US Secretary of Homeland Security Napolitano visited the new. In June, New Zealand’s Secretary of Defense Coleman visited the United States and signed the Washington Declaration between the two defense ministries with US Secretary of Defense Panetta. US Marine Corps officers and men visited New Zealand and attended the 70-year celebration ceremony of the United States. The New Zealand Navy participates in the 2012 Pacific Rim military exercise organized by the United States. In September, US Defense Secretary Panetta visited New Zealand. In May 2013, the 5th New American Partner Forum was held in Washington, DC. New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely, Trade Minister Groze, Defence Force Commander Jones and US Deputy Secretary of State Burns attended. Foreign Minister McAlely held talks with US Secretary of State Kerry. In the same month, the fourth strategic dialogue of New America was held in Washington. In July, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited the United States. In October, New Zealand Defense Minister Coleman visited the United States. In February 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely announced that New Zealand will establish a consulate in Hawaii. In June, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited the United States. In the same month, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely went to the United States to attend the “Our Ocean” International Conference hosted by US Secretary of State Kerry. In November 2015, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to the Philippines to attend the meeting of the leaders of the “Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement” negotiating hosted by US President Barack Obama. In June 2017, US Secretary of State Tillerson visited New. In December 2018, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Peters visited the United States.

The United States is New Zealand’s fourth largest trading partner. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the bilateral trade volume between the United States and New Zealand was S$17 billion, of which the new export volume was S$8.5 billion and the import value was S$8.5 billion. The United States is New Zealand’s third largest tourist source country. In 2017, the United States visited 297,000 new tourists.

[Relationship with Japan] Established diplomatic relations in 1952. New Zealand attaches great importance to the development of relations with Japan and frequent high-level contacts. In May 2008, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke visited Japan and the first Nissin Partnership Forum was held in Tokyo. In May 2009, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali visited Japan and attended the three-year summit of the Japan-Pacific Island Countries Forum. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Japan. In May 2010, New Zealand held joint military exercises with the United States and Japan. In October, New Zealand Agriculture Minister Carter visited Japan. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Japan and attended the APEC Leaders’ Informal Meeting. New Zealand Fisheries Minister Hitler visited Japan. In February 2011, after the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, Japan sent an earthquake rescue team to the city of Kyrgyzstan and provided $500,000 in aid. In March, after the earthquake and tsunami nuclear disaster in Japan, New Zealand provided $800,000 in aid to Japan and sent a rescue team. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Japan. In June, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited Japan. In June 2012, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Japan. In September, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Japan. In June 2013, Japanese Foreign Minister Kenichi Kishida visited the new office. In May 2014, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited Japan. In July, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited the new. In March 2015, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Japan. In May 2017, New Zealand Prime Minister Inglich visited Japan. In May 2018, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Peters visited Japan and attended the 8th Japan-Pacific Island Countries Leaders Meeting.

New Zealand opposes Japan’s scientific whaling in the South Pacific forbidden zone, increasing the number of tuna fish caught and transporting and dumping nuclear waste into the South Pacific region.

Japan is New Zealand’s fifth largest trading partner. The two countries have signed fisheries and air services agreements. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the bilateral trade volume of the new day was S$8.2 billion, of which the new party’s export value was S$4.1 billion and the import amount was S$4.1 billion. In 2017, 101,000 new tourists were visited on the day.

【同欧盟的关系】重视同欧盟关系。2006年11月,新西兰总理克拉克访问英国、德国、法国和意大利。2009年9月,匈牙利总统绍约姆访新。12月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴丹麦出席哥本哈根气候变化会议。2010年1月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访问瑞士并出席达沃斯世界经济论坛。6月,新西兰外长麦卡利赴西班牙出席新与欧盟半年度磋商。10月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希、外长麦卡利出席布鲁塞尔第8届亚欧首脑会议。11月,新西兰外长麦卡利赴葡萄牙出席北约峰会阿富汗问题会议。2011年3月,欧盟贸易委员德古特访新并作为欧盟代表出席新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震悼念活动。6月,新西兰农业部长卡特、贸易部长兼气候变化国际谈判部长格罗泽访问意大利。2012年6月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问德国,在布鲁塞尔会见欧洲议会主席舒尔茨,与北约秘书长拉斯穆森签署新西兰与北约合作伙伴协议。2013年1月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访问法国、瑞士、德国,并出席达沃斯世界经济论坛年会。2月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼访问比利时、法国、英国。新西兰司法兼民族事务部长柯林斯访问瑞士、英国和奥地利。4月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问卢森堡、捷克、列支敦士登、马耳他、圣马力诺。2014年6月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问比利时。11月,德国总理默克尔访新。2017年1月,总理比尔·英格利希访问欧盟总部、德国。2017年8月,克罗地亚总统基塔罗维奇访问新西兰。2018年4月,新西兰总理阿德恩访问法国、德国、英国。2018年11月,新西兰在爱尔兰、瑞典设立大使馆。同月,新西兰外长彼得斯赴法国出席一战停战100周年纪念活动和巴黎和平论坛。

欧盟是新西兰第三大贸易伙伴。据新方统计,2017年,新西兰与欧盟贸易额为216亿新元,其中新方出口额为86亿新元,进口额为130亿新元。

【同英国的关系】新西兰是英联邦成员,在历史、文化上与英国有着传统联系,双方高层接触频繁。2006年3月,英国首相布莱尔访新。2007年,新西兰总理克拉克访英,英国议会副秘书长马恩访新。2008年9月,英国安妮公主访新。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基访英。2009年10月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希访英。2010年1月,英国威廉王子访新。6月,新西兰外长麦卡利、国防部长马普访英。10月,新西兰副总理兼财长英格利希访英。11月,新西兰外长麦卡利访英。2011年1月,英国外交大臣黑格、国防大臣福克斯访新。2月,新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震后,英国向克市派出地震救援队并提供援助。3月,英国威廉王子访新并作为英国女王代表出席克市地震悼念活动。4月,新西兰总理约翰·基访英并出席英国威廉王子婚礼。2012年6月,新西兰总理约翰·基访英,并出席英女王伊丽莎白二世登基60周年庆典。2013年1月,英国外交大臣黑格访新。9月,新西兰总理约翰·基访英。11月,新西兰外长麦卡利访英。2014年7月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问英国苏格兰并出席英联邦运动会。2015年2月、3月,新西兰总理约翰·基、外长麦卡利分别访英。2015年2月、7月,英国外交大臣哈蒙德、查尔斯王储分别访新。2017年1月,新西兰总理英格利希访英。7月,英国外交大臣约翰逊访新。2018年4月,新西兰总理阿德恩访英。2018年10月,英国哈里王子夫妇访新。

英国曾是新西兰最大的贸易伙伴,现为新第七大出口国和第十二大进口来源地。据新方统计,2017年,新英双边贸易额为55亿新元,其中新方出口额为29亿新元,进口额为26亿新元。2017年英访新游客22.1万人次。

[Relationship with the EU] Pay attention to relations with the EU. In November 2006, New Zealand Prime Minister Clark visited the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Italy. In September 2009, Hungarian President Shyom visited the new. In December, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Denmark to attend the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference. In January 2010, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited Switzerland and attended the World Economic Forum in Davos. In June, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely went to Spain to attend the semi-annual consultations with the EU. In October, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich and Foreign Minister McCully attended the 8th ASEM Summit in Brussels. In November, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely went to Portugal to attend the NATO summit on Afghanistan. In March 2011, EU Trade Commissioner Degut visited New Zealand and attended the earthquake mourning event in Christchurch, New Zealand as a representative of the European Union. In June, New Zealand Minister of Agriculture Carter, Trade Minister and Minister of International Negotiations on Climate Change Groze visited Italy. In June 2012, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Germany and met with European Parliament President Schultz in Brussels to sign a New Zealand and NATO partnership agreement with NATO Secretary General Rasmussen. In January 2013, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited France, Switzerland, Germany and attended the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos. In February, New Zealand Defense Minister Coleman visited Belgium, France and the United Kingdom. New Zealand Minister of Justice and Ethnic Affairs Collins visited Switzerland, the United Kingdom and Austria. In April, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Luxembourg, the Czech Republic, Liechtenstein, Malta and San Marino. In June 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Belgium. In November, German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited the new. In January 2017, Prime Minister Bill Inglich visited the EU headquarters and Germany. In August 2017, Croatian President Kitarovic visited New Zealand. In April 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Aden visited France, Germany and the United Kingdom. In November 2018, New Zealand established embassies in Ireland and Sweden. In the same month, New Zealand Foreign Minister Peters went to France to attend the 100th anniversary of the World War I Armistice and the Paris Peace Forum.

The EU is New Zealand’s third largest trading partner. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the trade volume between New Zealand and the EU was S$21.6 billion, of which the new export volume was S$8.6 billion and the import value was S$13 billion.

[Relationship with the United Kingdom] New Zealand is a member of the Commonwealth. It has a traditional connection with the United Kingdom in history and culture. In March 2006, British Prime Minister Blair visited New Zealand. In 2007, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke visited the UK and the Deputy Secretary of the British Parliament visited New York. In September 2008, Princess Anne of the United Kingdom visited New Zealand. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Britain. In October 2009, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited the UK. In January 2010, Prince William of the United Kingdom visited New Zealand. In June, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali and Defense Minister Maple visited Britain. In October, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Inglich visited the UK. In November, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the UK. In January 2011, British Foreign Secretary Haig and Defense Minister Fox visited New Zealand. In February, after the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, the British sent an earthquake rescue team to the city of Kyrgyzstan and provided assistance. In March, Prince William of the United Kingdom visited New Zealand and attended the earthquake mourning event in the city as a representative of the Queen of England. In April, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Britain and attended the wedding of Prince William of England. In June 2012, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Britain and attended the 60th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the throne. In January 2013, British Foreign Secretary Haig visited the new. In September, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Britain. In November, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the UK. In July 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Scotland and attended the Commonwealth Games. In February and March 2015, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key and Foreign Minister McAlely visited the UK respectively. In February and July 2015, British Foreign Secretary Hammond and Prince Charles visited the new. In January 2017, New Zealand Prime Minister Inglid visited the UK. In July, British Foreign Secretary Johnson visited the new. In April 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited the UK. In October 2018, the British Prince Harry visited the new couple.

Britain was New Zealand’s largest trading partner and is now the new seventh largest exporter and the twelfth largest source of imports. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the bilateral trade volume between the New Zealand and the United Kingdom was S$5.5 billion, of which the new export volume was S$2.9 billion and the import value was S$2.6 billion. In 2017, the number of new visitors to the UK was 221,000.

【同法国的关系】新法关系曾因1985年法国特工在奥克兰港炸沉绿色和平组织的“彩虹勇士”号和1995年法国在南太平洋进行核试验而两度紧张。1996年,法国宣布停止核试验并签署南太无核区条约附加议定书,新法关系逐步改善。2004年6月,新西兰总理克拉克赴法参加纪念诺曼底登陆60周年活动。2010年5月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访法并出席在巴黎举行的经合组织年度经济论坛会议。2011年4月,新西兰总理约翰·基访法。2012年3月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽赴法出席在巴黎举行的经合组织环境委员会会议。5月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽赴法出席在巴黎举行的经合组织部长理事会会议。2013年5月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽赴法出席经合组织部长理事会会议。9月,新西兰总理约翰·基访法。11月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问法国。2015年3月,新西兰外长麦卡利访法。2018年4月,新西兰总理阿德恩访问法国。

据新方统计,2017年新法双边贸易额为19亿新元,其中新方出口额为8亿新元,进口额为11亿新元。2017年法访新游客4万人次。

【同东盟国家的关系】同东盟国家关系密切,是东盟对话国和东盟地区论坛、东亚峰会成员。积极推动论坛建立信任措施和预防性外交机制,支持东盟国家关于在东南亚建立和平、自由、中立区及东南亚无核区的主张。除参加“五国联防”(FPDA)外,还与新加坡、马来西亚、文莱、印尼签有双边防务协定,与泰国签有避免双重征税协定。2005年,马来西亚总理巴达维、印尼总统苏西洛、越南总理潘文凯、东盟秘书长王景荣分别访新。7月,新西兰签署《东南亚友好合作条约》并与新加坡、智利、文莱签署《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》。2006年3月,新西兰总理克拉克访问菲律宾。6月,新加坡总理李显龙访新。7月,新西兰外长彼得斯赴马来西亚出席东盟地区论坛外长会,与东盟签署“新西兰与东盟合作框架”。2009年2月,新西兰签署《澳大利亚-新西兰-东盟自由贸易协定》。9月,东盟秘书长素林访新。10月,新西兰与马来西亚签署双边自贸协定。2010年7月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问越南。8月,新西兰-马来西亚双边自贸协定正式生效。10月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问印尼、马来西亚。11月,新西兰商业部长鲍尔访问新加坡。2011年2月,新西兰克赖斯特彻奇市地震后,新加坡向克市派出地震救援队并提供两架C-130运输机用于运送灾民。6月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽访问菲律宾。12月,新西兰外长麦卡利宣布向遭受台风袭击的菲律宾南部地区提供50万新元援助。2012年4月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问印尼和新加坡。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在柬埔寨举行的东盟地区论坛系列外长会并访问泰国和菲律宾。9月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问东帝汶。10月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问马来西亚和印度尼西亚。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基出席在柬埔寨举行的东亚峰会并访问缅甸。同月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在老挝举行的亚欧首脑会议并访问越南。2013年3月,新西兰经济发展、科学与创新、高等教育、培训和就业部长乔伊斯访问马来西亚。缅甸总统吴登盛、文莱苏丹博尔基亚、泰国总理英拉分别访新,越南国防部长冯光清访新。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问缅甸。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问泰国。同月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼访问越南。2014年11月,新西兰总理约翰·基宣布将新缅外交关系由代办级提升为大使级。2015年3月,越南总理阮晋勇访新并签署关于加强两国全面伙伴关系的联合声明。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基对越南进行正式访问。2016年11月,菲律宾总统杜特尔特从秘鲁利马亚太经合组织领袖人非正式会议返回菲律宾途中,在新西兰奥克兰市停留并会见麦卡利外长。2017年11月,新西兰总理阿德恩赴越南岘港出席亚太经合组织第二十五次领导人非正式会议,赴菲律宾马尼拉出席东亚峰会。2018年10月,新西兰副总理兼外长彼得斯访问印度尼西亚和泰国。11月,新西兰总理阿德恩赴新加坡出席东亚峰会。

东盟为新西兰重要的贸易伙伴和外国投资的重要来源之一。据新方统计,2017年,新西兰与东盟贸易额为166亿新元,其中新方出口额为69亿新元,进口额为97亿新元。

[Relationship with France] The new law relationship was twice strained by the 1985 French agents who blew the Greenpeace’s Rainbow Warrior in the Port of Oakland and France’s nuclear test in the South Pacific in 1995. In 1996, France announced that it would stop nuclear testing and sign an additional protocol to the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, and the new law relationship gradually improved. In June 2004, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke went to France to attend the 60th anniversary of the Normandy landing. In May 2010, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited France and attended the OECD Annual Economic Forum in Paris. In April 2011, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited France. In March 2012, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze went to France to attend the OECD Environmental Committee meeting in Paris. In May, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze went to France to attend the OECD Council of Ministers meeting in Paris. In May 2013, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze went to France to attend the OECD Council of Ministers. In September, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited France. In November, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited France. In March 2015, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCulley visited France. In April 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited France.

According to the statistics of the New Zealand, the bilateral trade volume of the new law in 2017 was S$1.9 billion, of which the new party’s export value was S$800 million and the import amount was S$1.1 billion. In 2017, the number of new visitors to the law was 40,000.

[Relationship with ASEAN Countries] It has close ties with ASEAN countries and is a member of the ASEAN Dialogue and the ASEAN Regional Forum and the East Asia Summit. Actively promote the forum’s confidence-building measures and preventive diplomacy mechanisms, and support ASEAN countries’ ideas on establishing peace, freedom, neutral zones and Southeast Asian nuclear-free zones in Southeast Asia. In addition to participating in the “Five-Country Joint Defense” (FPDA), it also signed bilateral defense agreements with Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia, and signed a double taxation agreement with Thailand. In 2005, Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Indonesian President Susilo, Vietnamese Prime Minister Phan Van Khai and ASEAN Secretary-General Wang Jingrong visited New Zealand respectively. In July, New Zealand signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia and signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement with Singapore, Chile and Brunei. In March 2006, New Zealand Prime Minister Clark visited the Philippines. In June, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong visited New Zealand. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister Peters went to Malaysia to attend the ASEAN Regional Forum Foreign Ministers’ Meeting and signed the “New Zealand-ASEAN Cooperation Framework” with ASEAN. In February 2009, New Zealand signed the Australia-New Zealand-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement. In September, ASEAN Secretary-General Surin visited the new. In October, New Zealand and Malaysia signed a bilateral free trade agreement. In July 2010, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Vietnam. In August, the New Zealand-Malaysia bilateral free trade agreement came into force. In October, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Indonesia and Malaysia. In November, New Zealand Commerce Minister Bauer visited Singapore. In February 2011, after the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, Singapore sent an earthquake rescue team to the city of Kyrgyzstan and provided two C-130 transport aircraft for transporting the victims. In June, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze visited the Philippines. In December, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely announced a $500,000 assistance to the southern Philippines region that was hit by a typhoon. In April 2012, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Indonesia and Singapore. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely attended the ASEAN Regional Forum Series Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Cambodia and visited Thailand and the Philippines. In September, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali visited East Timor. In October, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Malaysia and Indonesia. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key attended the East Asia Summit in Cambodia and visited Myanmar. In the same month, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCully attended the ASEM Summit in Laos and visited Vietnam. In March 2013, Joyce, Minister of Economic Development, Science and Innovation, Higher Education, Training and Employment of New Zealand visited Malaysia. Myanmar’s President Wu Dengsheng, Brunei Sultan Bolkiah and Thai Prime Minister Yingluck visited New Zealand respectively, and Vietnamese Defense Minister Feng Guangqing visited New Zealand. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Myanmar. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Thailand. In the same month, New Zealand Defense Minister Coleman visited Vietnam. In November 2014, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key announced that he would promote the New Myanmar diplomatic relationship from the agency level to the ambassadorial level. In March 2015, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung visited the new and signed a joint statement on strengthening the comprehensive partnership between the two countries. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key made an official visit to Vietnam. In November 2016, Philippine President Duterte returned to the Philippines from the APEC Leaders’ Informal Meeting in Lima, Peru, and stayed in Auckland, New Zealand, and met with Foreign Minister McAleley. In November 2017, New Zealand Prime Minister Aden went to Da Nang, Vietnam to attend the 25th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting and went to Manila, Philippines to attend the East Asia Summit. In October 2018, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Peters visited Indonesia and Thailand. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen went to Singapore to attend the East Asia Summit.

ASEAN is an important trading partner of New Zealand and one of the important sources of foreign investment. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the trade volume between New Zealand and ASEAN was S$16.6 billion, of which the new export volume was S$6.9 billion and the import value was S$9.7 billion.

【同太平洋岛国的关系】与岛国有密切的传统关系,同所有独立的岛国建交,与库克群岛、纽埃保持自由联系,将岛国作为外援重点。重视太平洋岛国论坛等地区组织的作用,并在其中发挥重要影响。防务上,与巴新、汤加、斐济、萨摩亚、瓦努阿图、所罗门群岛等国签有“互相援助计划”,帮助有关岛国训练军队并进行联合军事演习;与澳大利亚一道负责一些太平洋经济区的海上巡逻。2006年4月,出兵干预所罗门群岛骚乱。5月,派兵赴东帝汶维和。10月,新西兰总理克拉克赴斐济出席第37届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。11月,派军警赴汤加协助维护秩序。12月斐济政变后,宣布不承认斐济军方临时政府并对斐实施制裁。2007年10月,新西兰总理克拉克赴汤加出席第38届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议,并访问纽埃。2008年8月,新西兰总理克拉克赴纽埃出席第39届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。2009年1月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴巴布亚新几内亚出席太平洋岛国论坛领导人斐济问题特别会议。7月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问汤加、萨摩亚、纽埃和库克群岛。8月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴澳大利亚凯恩斯出席第40届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。11月,新西兰与斐济互相驱逐外交官并关闭驻对方国家外交机构。2010年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问斐济。4月,巴布亚新几内亚总理索马雷访新。8月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴瓦努阿图出席第41届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。12月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问库克群岛。2011年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利赴瓦努阿图出席太平洋岛国论坛与斐济接触部长级小组会议。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问汤加、库克群岛。6月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问瓦努阿图、所罗门群岛。7月,汤加国王图普五世访新。新西兰外长麦卡利访问汤加、萨摩亚、库克群岛和纽埃。9月,第42届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议及第23届论坛会后对话会在新西兰奥克兰举行。2012年1月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问所罗门群岛。2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问库克群岛。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利和澳大利亚外长卡尔、斐济外长昆布安博拉在澳大利亚悉尼举行会晤。8月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴库克群岛出席第43届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。10月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问巴布亚新几内亚。12月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问马绍尔群岛、基里巴斯和图瓦卢。2013年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问所罗门群岛。3月,太平洋能源峰会在新西兰奥克兰举行。4月,新西兰议会举办首届太平洋议会与政治领袖论坛。5月,新西兰国防部长科尔曼赴汤加出席首届南太防长会议。7月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问所罗门群岛并出席地区驻所援助团10周年纪念活动。8月,新西兰外长麦卡利萨摩亚、库克群岛。同月,巴布亚新几内亚总理奥尼尔访新。9月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴马绍尔群岛出席第44届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。2014年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问斐济、库克群岛。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利代表新西兰总理约翰·基赴库克群岛出席太平洋岛国领导人特别会议。5月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问萨摩亚、汤加、纽埃。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利代表新西兰总理约翰·基赴帕劳出席第45届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。8月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问斐济。2014年9月,新西兰派员参与斐济大选多国观察团,新外长麦卡利对斐济顺利举行大选以及斐济第一党领袖姆拜尼马拉马当选斐济总理表示祝贺。11月,新西兰国防部长布朗利访问斐济。2015年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问汤加。8月,新西兰总理约翰·基参加库克群岛宪法日50周年庆典。2017年5月,新西兰外长布朗利访问汤加、斐济。2018年3月,新西兰总理阿德恩访问萨摩亚、纽埃、汤加、库克群岛。9月,新西兰总理阿德恩赴瑙鲁出席第49届太平洋岛国论坛领导人会议。11月,新西兰总理阿德恩赴巴布亚新几内亚出席亚太经合组织第二十六次领导人非正式会议。

据新方统计,2017年新西兰与除澳大利亚之外的太平洋岛国论坛成员国贸易总额为32亿新元,其中新方出口额为20亿新元,进口额为12亿新元。

【同韩国、朝鲜的关系】与韩国关系密切。2006年12月,韩国总统卢武铉访新,签署《面向21世纪的伙伴关系协定》。2009年3月,韩国总统李明博访新。6月,两国举行第一轮自贸协定谈判。2010年7月,新西兰总理约翰·基访韩。2012年3月,新西兰总理约翰·基出席韩国首尔核安全峰会并访韩。9月,新西兰外长麦卡利访韩。11月,两艘韩国军舰访问新西兰。2013年7月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴韩国首尔出席朝鲜战争停战60周年纪念活动。12月,新西兰贸易部长格罗泽和韩国产业通商资源部长官尹相直在印尼巴厘岛东亚经贸部长会议期间宣布重启两国自贸协定谈判。2014年7月,新西兰外长麦卡利访韩。11月,新西兰总理约翰·基宣布新西兰与韩国已完成双边自贸谈判。2015年3月,新西兰总理约翰·基访韩并签署新韩自贸协定。2018年12月,韩国总统文在寅访新。

2017年,新韩双边贸易额为40亿新元,其中新方出口额为20亿新元,进口额为20亿新元。

2001年3月26日,与朝鲜正式建立大使级外交关系。8月,任命驻韩国大使兼任驻朝鲜大使。关注朝核问题,敦促朝鲜放弃核计划,希望国际社会共同努力,早日通过和平方式解决朝核问题。2006年7月,新西兰外长彼得斯发表声明,谴责朝鲜进行核试验。2007年8月,新西兰政府通过国际红十字会向朝提供50万新元救灾款,用于暴雨和洪水后重建工作。2008年7月,新西兰外长彼得斯宣布向联合国提供50万新元解决朝鲜食品短缺问题。2009年4月,新西兰外长麦卡利发表声明,谴责朝鲜发射卫星。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利再次发表声明,谴责朝鲜进行核试验。2010年5月、11月,新西兰外长麦卡利分别发表声明,就“天安号”事件、延坪岛炮击事件谴责朝鲜。2011年12月,新西兰总理约翰·基就朝鲜最高领导人金正日去世发表评论,希望朝鲜政治权力能够平稳交接,并期待未来朝鲜民众的生活能够得到改善。2012年4月、12月,新西兰外长麦卡利两次强烈谴责朝鲜发射卫星。2013年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利强烈谴责朝鲜进行核试验。2016年2月,新西兰外长麦卡利强烈谴责朝鲜发射卫星。

【同俄罗斯的关系】双边高层互访增多,贸易关系活跃。2004年4月,两国举行一系列庆祝建交60周年活动。新西兰议长亨特访俄。6月,新西兰宣布出资100万新元在俄建立一个消除化学武器的设施。2008年1月,俄罗斯联邦众议院联合理事会主席访新。2010年6月,新西兰与俄罗斯启动自贸谈判。2012年1月,俄罗斯外长拉夫罗夫访新。9月,新西兰外长麦卡利访俄。2013年10月,新西兰外长麦卡利访俄。2014年3月,新西兰外长麦卡利对乌克兰局势表示关注,呼吁联合国安理会在防止俄罗斯和乌克兰的紧张关系方面发挥领导性作用。2014年7月,新西兰外长麦卡利对马来西亚航空MH17坠毁事件表示关注,呼吁对该事件进行全面调查。2016年8月,新西兰外长麦利访俄。2017年11月,新西兰副总理兼外长彼得斯在出席亚太经合组织部长级会议和东亚峰会期间同俄罗斯外长拉夫罗举行正式会谈。

据新方统计,2017年,新俄双边贸易额为5.87亿新元,其中新方出口额为2.72亿新元,进口额为3.14亿新元。

[Relationship with the Pacific island countries] There is a close traditional relationship with the island countries, establishing diplomatic relations with all independent island countries, maintaining free contact with the Cook Islands and Niue, and focusing on the island countries as foreign aid. Pay attention to the role of regional organizations such as the Pacific Islands Forum and play an important role in it. In defense, countries such as Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu, and Solomon Islands have signed “mutual assistance programs” to help the island countries train their troops and conduct joint military exercises; together with Australia, they are responsible for some maritime patrols in the Pacific Economic Zone. . In April 2006, troops were sent to intervene in the Solomon Islands riots. In May, troops were sent to East Timor for peace. In October, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke went to Fiji to attend the 37th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In November, a military police officer was sent to Tonga to help maintain order. After the Fiji coup in December, it announced that it would not recognize the Fijian military interim government and impose sanctions on Fiji. In October 2007, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke went to Tonga to attend the 38th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting and visited Niue. In August 2008, New Zealand Prime Minister Clarke went to Niue to attend the 39th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In January 2009, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Papua New Guinea to attend the Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Special Meeting on Fiji. In July, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Tonga, Samoa, Niue and Cook Islands. In August, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Cairns, Australia to attend the 40th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In November, New Zealand and Fiji expelled diplomats from each other and closed diplomatic offices in the other country. In February 2010, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Fiji. In April, Papua New Guinea’s Prime Minister Somare visited New Zealand. In August, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Vanuatu to attend the 41st Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In December, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Cook Islands. In February 2011, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali went to Vanuatu to attend the Pacific Islands Forum and Fiji Contact Ministerial Group Meeting. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Tonga and Cook Islands. In June, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Vanuatu and Solomon Islands. In July, Tonga King Tupou V visited the new. New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands and Niue. In September, the 42nd Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting and the 23rd Forum Post-Conference Dialogue were held in Auckland, New Zealand. In January 2012, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Solomon Islands. In February, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Cook Islands. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely and Australian Foreign Minister Karl and Fijian Foreign Minister Khumbu Ambo held a meeting in Sydney, Australia. In August, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to the Cook Islands to attend the 43rd Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In October, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Papua New Guinea. In December, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Marshall Islands, Kiribati and Tuvalu. In February 2013, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited the Solomon Islands. In March, the Pacific Energy Summit was held in Auckland, New Zealand. In April, the New Zealand Parliament hosted the first Pacific Parliament and Political Leaders Forum. In May, New Zealand Defense Minister Coleman went to Tonga to attend the first South Pacific Defense Ministers Meeting. In July, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Solomon Islands and attended the 10th anniversary of the Regional Mission Assistance Group. In August, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCully Samoa and Cook Islands. In the same month, Papua New Guinea’s Prime Minister O’Neill visited New Zealand. In September, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to the Marshall Islands to attend the 44th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In February 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali visited Fiji and the Cook Islands. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali represented New Zealand Prime Minister John Key to the Cook Islands to attend the special meeting of Pacific Island nations leaders. In May, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Samoa, Tonga and Niue. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely, on behalf of New Zealand Prime Minister John Key, went to Palau to attend the 45th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In August, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali visited Fiji. In September 2014, New Zealand sent troops to participate in the Fiji elections for the Multinational Observer Mission. New Foreign Minister McAlely congratulated Fiji on the successful election and Fiji’s First Party leader Mbani Marama was elected Prime Minister of Fiji. In November, New Zealand Defense Minister Brownlee visited Fiji. In February 2015, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Tonga. In August, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key participated in the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Cook Islands Constitution Day. In May 2017, New Zealand Foreign Minister Brownlee visited Tonga and Fiji. In March 2018, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen visited Samoa, Niue, Tonga and Cook Islands. In September, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen went to Nauru to attend the 49th Pacific Islands Forum Leaders Meeting. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister Adeen went to Papua New Guinea to attend the 26th APEC Economic Leaders’ Informal Meeting.

According to the statistics of New Zealand, the total trade volume between New Zealand and the member countries of the Pacific Islands Forum other than Australia was S$3.2 billion in 2017, of which the new export volume was S$2 billion and the import value was S$1.2 billion.

[Relationship with South Korea and North Korea] Close relationship with South Korea. In December 2006, South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun visited New Zealand and signed the Partnership Agreement for the 21st Century. In March 2009, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak visited the new. In June, the two countries held the first round of negotiations on a free trade agreement. In July 2010, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited South Korea. In March 2012, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key attended the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit in South Korea and visited South Korea. In September, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited South Korea. In November, two South Korean warships visited New Zealand. In July 2013, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to Seoul, South Korea to attend the 60th anniversary of the Korean War. In December, New Zealand Trade Minister Groze and Minister of Industry and Trade Resources Minister Yin Xiangzhi announced the resumption of negotiations on the FTA during the East Asia Economic and Trade Ministers Meeting in Bali, Indonesia. In July 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCulley visited South Korea. In November, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key announced that New Zealand and South Korea have completed bilateral free trade negotiations. In March 2015, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited South Korea and signed the New Korea Free Trade Agreement. In December 2018, the Korean President’s text was interviewed by New York.

In 2017, the bilateral trade volume of Xinhan was S$4 billion, of which the new export volume was S$2 billion and the import value was S$2 billion.

On March 26, 2001, he officially established diplomatic relations with the DPRK at the ambassadorial level. In August, the ambassador to South Korea was appointed as the ambassador to the DPRK. Concerned about the DPRK nuclear issue, he urged North Korea to abandon its nuclear program and hoped that the international community would work together to resolve the DPRK nuclear issue through peaceful means at an early date. In July 2006, New Zealand Foreign Minister Peters issued a statement condemning North Korea for conducting nuclear tests. In August 2007, the New Zealand government provided the S$500,000 relief to the DPRK through the International Red Cross for storms and post-flood reconstruction. In July 2008, New Zealand Foreign Minister Peters announced that he would provide the United Nations with a S$500,000 solution to the North Korean food shortage. In April 2009, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely issued a statement condemning North Korea for launching satellites. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely issued a statement again condemning North Korea for conducting a nuclear test. In May and November 2010, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely issued a statement respectively condemning North Korea on the “Cheonan” incident and the shelling of the Yeonpyeong Island. In December 2011, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key commented on the death of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il. He hoped that North Korea’s political power would be smoothly transferred and that the life of the Korean people would be improved in the future. In April and December 2012, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlle twice strongly condemned North Korea for launching satellites. In February 2013, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely strongly condemned North Korea for conducting nuclear tests. In February 2016, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely strongly condemned North Korea for launching satellites.

[Relationship with Russia] Bilateral high-level mutual visits have increased and trade relations are active. In April 2004, the two countries held a series of activities to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations. New Zealand Speaker Hunter visited Russia. In June, New Zealand announced a $1 million investment in a chemical weapons removal facility in Russia. In January 2008, the Chairman of the Joint Council of the Russian Federation House of Representatives visited New. In June 2010, New Zealand and Russia launched a free trade negotiation. In January 2012, Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov visited the new. In September, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Russia. In October 2013, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Russia. In March 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali expressed concern about the situation in Ukraine and called on the UN Security Council to play a leading role in preventing tensions between Russia and Ukraine. In July 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely expressed concern about the crash of Malaysia Airlines MH17 and called for a full investigation of the incident. In August 2016, New Zealand Foreign Minister Miley visited Russia. In November 2017, New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Peters held formal talks with Russian Foreign Minister Ravro during the APEC Ministerial Meeting and the East Asia Summit.

According to the statistics of the New Zealand, in 2017, the bilateral trade volume between New Russia and Russia was 587 million Singapore dollars, of which the new party’s export value was 272 million Singapore dollars, and the import value was 314 million Singapore dollars.

【同拉美关系】以智利、阿根廷、墨西哥、秘鲁、乌拉圭和巴西为重点,积极发展经贸关系和推动教育出口。2005年7月,新西兰与新加坡、智利、文莱签署《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》。2006年3月,新西兰总理克拉克访问智利。11月,智利总统巴切莱特访新。2007年9月,墨西哥总统卡尔德龙访新。11月,乌拉圭总统巴斯克斯访新。2010年1月,新西兰政府就海地地震向海地政府提供200万新元援助。3月,新西兰与墨西哥签署可再生能源合作协定。6月,智利能源部长伯纳恩访新。10月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访问巴西、哥斯达黎加和墨西哥。2011年3月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访问墨西哥。2013年3月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问墨西哥、智利、哥伦比亚和巴西。5月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问巴巴多斯、特立尼达和多巴哥、巴哈马并出席加勒比共同体外长会议。新西兰贸易部长格罗泽出席在哥伦比亚举行的“太平洋联盟”部长级会议和首脑峰会。9月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问特立尼达和多巴哥、格林纳达、圣文森特和格林纳丁斯、多米尼加、圣基茨和尼维斯。2014年5月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在圭亚那举行的加勒比共同体外长会并访问古巴。2015年4月,新西兰经济发展部长乔伊斯访问智利、哥伦比亚和巴西。2017年6月,新西兰外长布朗利访问古巴、哥伦比亚。2018年11月,智利总统塞巴斯蒂安·皮涅拉访新。

墨西哥是新西兰在拉美的最大贸易伙伴。据新方统计,2017年新西兰与墨西哥双边贸易额为7.42亿新元,其中新方出口额为4.02亿新元,进口额为3.4亿新元。

【同非洲关系】看好非洲大陆的发展潜力,全面推动发展与南非的关系,重视与埃及关系。2007年11月,新西兰总理克拉克访问埃及。2010年6月,新西兰总理约翰·基访问南非。2011年9月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽访问南非,出席联合国气候变化会议部长级预备会议。12月,新西兰贸易部长兼国际气候变化谈判部长格罗泽和气候变化事务部长史密斯出席南非德班气候变化大会。2013年1月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问埃塞俄比亚。3月,新西兰外长麦卡利赴埃及出席阿拉伯国家联盟首脑级理事会会议。4月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问南非、博茨瓦纳、纳米比亚、莱索托、毛里求斯和莫桑比克。7月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问肯尼亚、卢旺达、坦桑尼亚、埃塞俄比亚和塞舌尔。12月,新西兰总理约翰·基赴南非出席曼德拉葬礼。2014年1月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在埃塞俄比亚举行的非盟峰会。6月,新西兰外长麦卡利访问加纳。2015年1月,新西兰外长麦卡利出席在埃塞俄比亚举行的非盟峰会。

[Latin American Relations] Focusing on Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay and Brazil, we will actively develop economic and trade relations and promote education exports. In July 2005, New Zealand signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement with Singapore, Chile and Brunei. In March 2006, New Zealand Prime Minister Clark visited Chile. In November, Chilean President Bachelet visited the new. In September 2007, Mexican President Calderon visited New Zealand. In November, Uruguayan President Vazquez visited New Zealand. In January 2010, the New Zealand government provided S$2 million in assistance to the Haitian government on the Haiti earthquake. In March, New Zealand signed a renewable energy cooperation agreement with Mexico. In June, Chilean Energy Minister Bernard visited the new. In October, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiations Groze visited Brazil, Costa Rica and Mexico. In March 2011, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiations Groze visited Mexico. In March 2013, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Brazil. In May, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, the Bahamas and attended the Caribbean Common Body Conference. New Zealand Trade Minister Groze attended the “Pacific Union” ministerial meeting and summit in Colombia. In September, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis. In May 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McCully attended the Caribbean Community Meeting in Guyana and visited Cuba. In April 2015, New Zealand Minister of Economic Development Joyce visited Chile, Colombia and Brazil. In June 2017, New Zealand Foreign Minister Brownlee visited Cuba and Colombia. In November 2018, Chilean President Sebastian Pinera visited the new.

Mexico is New Zealand’s largest trading partner in Latin America. According to the statistics of the New Zealand, the bilateral trade volume between New Zealand and Mexico in 2017 was 742 million Singapore dollars, of which the new export volume was S$420 million and the import value was S$340 million.

[Relationship with Africa] We are optimistic about the development potential of the African continent, comprehensively promote the development of relations with South Africa, and attach importance to relations with Egypt. In November 2007, New Zealand Prime Minister Clark visited Egypt. In June 2010, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key visited South Africa. In September 2011, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiations Groze visited South Africa to attend the ministerial preparatory meeting of the United Nations Climate Change Conference. In December, New Zealand Trade Minister and Minister of International Climate Change Negotiation Groze and Climate Change Minister Smith attended the Durban Climate Change Conference in South Africa. In January 2013, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Ethiopia. In March, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely went to Egypt to attend the meeting of the League of Arab States summit. In April, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Mauritius and Mozambique. In July, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely visited Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Seychelles. In December, New Zealand Prime Minister John Key went to South Africa to attend the Mandela funeral. In January 2014, New Zealand Foreign Minister McAlely attended the AU summit in Ethiopia. In June, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali visited Ghana. In January 2015, New Zealand Foreign Minister Makali attended the AU summit in Ethiopia.