【国名】 格鲁吉亚（Georgia, Грузия）
【首都】 第比利斯（Tbilisi, Тбилиси），人口111.46万。
[Country name] Georgia (Georgia, Грузия)
[Natural Geography] Located in the Midwest of the South Caucasus. It borders Russia in the north, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the southeast and south, Turkey in the southwest, and the Black Sea in the west. The coastline is 309 kilometers long. Subtropical maritime climate, with an average temperature of 3-7 °C in January and an average temperature of 23-26 °C in August.
[Area] 6.97 million square kilometers
[population] 3.72 million (as of January 2019)
[Capital] Tbilisi ( Тбилиси) with a population of 1,114,600.
[National] Mainly Georgian (86.8%), other ethnic groups are Azerbaijani, Armenian, Russian and Ossetian, Abkhaz, Greek and so on.
[Language] The official language is Georgian, and the residents are familiar with Russian.
[Religion] Mainly believe in Orthodox Christianity, a minority believes in Islam.
[National Day] May 26
[Currency name] Larry, $1 ≈ 2.67 Larry.
[Administrative Division] The country consists of the capital Tbilisi, 9 regions, 1 autonomous prefecture (South Ossetia), and 2 autonomous republics (Abkhazia, Azar).
【国家元首】 总统萨洛梅·祖拉比什维利(Salome Zurabishvili, Саломе Зурабишвили)，2018年11月当选，任期至2024年。
【议会】 议会是最高权力代表机构和最高立法机构，一院制，由150名议员组成，其中按比例制选举产生的议员占77席，按单一制选举产生的议员占73席，任期4年。本届议会为2016年10月选举产生，议长为伊拉克利·科巴希泽(Irakli Kobakhidze, Ираклий Кобахидзе)。
【政府】 总理马穆卡·巴赫塔泽(Mamuka Bakhtadze, Мамука Бахтадзе)，2018年6月任职，任期至2020年10月。主要政府官员有：外交部长大卫·扎尔卡利亚尼（David Zalkaliani, Давид Залкалиани）、国防部长列万·伊佐里亚（Levan Izoria, Ливан Изория）、经济与可持续发展部长乔治·科布利亚（Giorgi Cherkezishvili, Георгий Кобулия）等。
[A brief history] In the 6th century BC, the kingdom of Kolkida, a slavery, was established in Georgia. The feudal state was established in the 4th to 6th centuries. The Georgian nationality was formed in the 6th-10th centuries. In the early 8th and early 9th centuries, the Kashzia, the Elekin, the Tao-Calz of the Feudal Principality and the Kingdom of Abkhazia were established. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by Tsarist Russia. The Democratic Republic of Georgia was established on May 26, 1918. The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was established on February 25, 1921. Joined the Trans-Caucasus Soviet Socialist Federal Republic on March 12, 1922, and joined the Soviet Union as a member of the Federation in December of the same year. On December 5, 1936, the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic officially became a Soviet republic. The Declaration of Independence was issued on November 4, 1990, and the name of the country was “Republic of Georgia”. On April 9, 1991, it officially declared independence. On August 24, 1995, the new constitution was adopted and the country was named “Georgia.”
[Head of State] President Salome Zurabishvili (Саломе Зурабишвили) was elected in November 2018 for a term of 2024.
[Parliament] The parliament is the highest power representative body and the highest legislative body. It is a one-chamber system consisting of 150 members. Among them, 77 members are elected on a proportional basis, and 73 members are elected on a single system for a term of four years. The current parliament was elected in October 2016 and the speaker is Irakli Kobakhidze, Ираклий Кобахидзе.
[Government] Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze (Мамука Бахтадзе), served in June 2018, and will serve until October 2020. The main government officials are: Foreign Minister David Zalkaliani (Давид Залкалиани), Defense Minister Levan Izoria (Ливан Изория), and Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development George Cobb Giorgi Cherkezishvili, Георгий Кобулия and so on.
[Political Situation] On May 26, 1991, the leader of the “Free Georgia Round Table”, Gamsakhurdi, was elected as the first president and was overthrown in January 1992. On March 11, 1992, former Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze was appointed as the chairman of the State Council and was confirmed as the head of state in November. In November 2003, the “Rose Revolution” took place. Saakashvili was elected president in the subsequent elections and was re-elected in January 2008. On August 8, 2008, the Georgia-Russia conflict broke out. In October 2012, the parliamentary elections were held, the “Georgia Dreams” alliance won, and Ivanishvili became the prime minister and re-organized. In October 2013, Georgia held a presidential election and Margavel Rashvili was elected president. In November, Ivanishvili stepped down as Prime Minister and then Minister of Interior Gary Bashvili became Prime Minister. In December 2015, Jia announced his resignation, when Vice Premier and Foreign Minister Kveri Kashvili took over as Prime Minister. In October 2016, the parliamentary elections were held. The ruling party “Georgia Dream-Democratic Georgian Party”, the opposition “unified national movement” and the Patriot League formed a new parliament, and Kobashize was elected as the speaker. With the approval of the Parliament, Kveri Kashvili remained as Prime Minister. In October 2017, the local elections were held. The “Georgia Dreams – Democratic Georgia” party won in the majority of the capital city of Tbilisi. In June 2018, Kveri Kashvili announced his resignation and Bakhtaze took over as prime minister. At present, the “Georgia Dream-Democratic Georgia” Party controls the parliament, the government and the local government, and maintains certain control capabilities. In October-November 2018, the two rounds of presidential elections were held. The independent candidate supported by the ruling party, Zurabishvili, was elected for a term of 2024.
[Economy] In 2016, the GDP was 14.3 billion U.S. dollars, a year-on-year increase of 2.7%, and the per capita GDP was 3,853 US dollars. The total import and export volume was US$12 billion, a year-on-year increase of 21.0%. Among them, the export volume was 2.1 billion US dollars and the import was 9.9 billion US dollars. In 2017, the GDP was US$15.16 billion, an increase of 5% year-on-year. The total volume of imports and exports was 10.7 billion US dollars, an increase of 13.8%. Among them, the export volume was 2.73 billion US dollars, up 29.1% year-on-year, and the import was 7.98 billion US dollars, up 9.4% year-on-year. From January to September 2018, GDP growth was 5.6%, and total import and export reached US$ 9.125 billion, a year-on-year increase of 20.8%.
[Diplomatic] After the political power came to power, on the one hand, he continued to seek to join the EU and NATO, and actively developed relations with the United States and Europe; on the other hand, he advocated improving relations with Russia, and the friendly interaction between Georgia and Russia increased, and the economic, trade and human relations have eased. At the beginning of September 2015, Gee held a diplomatic envoy meeting, emphasizing the pragmatic balance of diplomacy and the role of economic diplomacy, seeking “four developments” in foreign relations, that is, actively developing multi-balanced diplomacy; focusing on developing pragmatic economic diplomacy; restoring development and Eurasian state relations, including adhering to the pragmatic policy toward Russia; accelerating the development of relations with China.
[Military] The Georgian Armed Forces were established on April 30, 1992. The Georgian armed forces are composed of the Army, the Air Force, the Haiphong Army and the National Guard. Mainly equipped with Soviet or imitation Soviet weapons, especially air force equipment and air defense weapons.