Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国
【国 名】 朝鲜民主主义人民共和国（Democratic People’s Republic of Korea）。
【面 积】 12.3万平方公里。
【人 口】 约2400万。单一民族，通用朝鲜语。
【首 都】 平壤（Pyongyang），面积2629.4平方公里，人口约325万，下设18个区、4个郡。年平均气温9.7℃。
【最高领导人】 金正恩（Kim Jong Un），朝鲜劳动党委员长、国务委员会委员长、朝鲜人民军最高司令官。
【简 况】 位于亚洲东部朝鲜半岛北半部。北部与中国为邻，东北与俄罗斯接壤。平均海拔高度440米，山地约占国土面积的80%。
[Country name] Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
[area] 123,000 square kilometers.
[People] About 24 million. Single nation, GM Korean.
[Citizen] Pyongyang, with an area of 2629.4 square kilometers and a population of about 3.25 million, has 18 districts and 4 counties. The annual average temperature is 9.7 °C.
[Supreme Leader] Kim Jong Un, Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Council, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army.
[Important Festival] February 16th: The Light Star Festival, the birthday of Kim Jong Il, the former top leader of North Korea. April 15th: The Sun Festival, the birthday of former President Kim Il Sung. September 9th: National Day. October 10: The Korean Workers’ Party Founding Day.
[Profile] Located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula in eastern Asia. The north is bordered by China and the northeast is bordered by Russia. The average altitude is 440 meters, and the mountains account for about 80% of the country’s land area.
From 1910 to 1945, the Korean peninsula became a Japanese colony. In August 1945, Japan surrendered and the Soviet-US troops entered the northeastern part of the peninsula. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was proclaimed. Kim Il Sung has served as the top leader of North Korea for a long time. After the death of Kim Il Sung in 1994, Kim Jong Il took over as the top leader of North Korea. After Kim Jong Il’s death in December 2011, Kim Jong-un took over as the top leader of North Korea.
【宪 法】 1972年颁布《朝鲜民主主义人民共和国社会主义宪法》，1992、1998年、2009年、2012年、2013年、2016年进行修订。
【议 会】 最高人民会议，是国家最高权力机关。议员由选举产生，每届任期5年。闭会期间的常设机构为最高人民会议常任委员会。常任委员会委员长代表国家，与外国元首互换贺电、贺信，接受外国使节递交的国书。2014年4月，选举产生第13届最高人民会议议员687名。现任常任委员会委员长金永南，副委员长杨亨燮、金英大，名誉副委员长金英柱、崔永林。现任议长崔泰福，副议长安东春、李惠正。
【政 府】 内阁，国家最高行政执行机关，每届任期5年。本届内阁主要成员有：总理朴凤柱，副总理卢斗哲、任哲雄、金德勋、李周五、李龙男、全光虎、李茂英、高仁浩、董正浩。国家计划委员会委员长卢斗哲（兼）、国家保卫相郑京泽、人民武力相努光铁、化学工业相张吉龙、农业相高仁浩（兼）、外务相李勇浩、电力工业相金万寿、煤炭工业相文明学、金属工业相金忠杰、铁道相张赫、陆海运相姜宗宽、采掘工业相李学哲、国家资源开发相李春三、原油工业相裴鹤、林业相韩龙国、原子能工业相王昌旭、电子工业相金载诚、邮政相金光哲、建设建材工业相朴勋、国家建设监督相权成浩、食品日用品工业相赵永哲、水产相宋春燮、财政相奇光浩、国家价格委员会委员长崔强、劳动相郑永洙、对外经济相金英才、国家科技委员会委员长李忠吉、国家科学院院长张哲、国土环境保护相金景俊、城市经营相姜永洙、收购粮政相文应祖、商业相金庆男、教育委员会委员长兼普通教育相金昇斗、金日成综合大学校长兼教育委员会高等教育相太亨彻、保健相张俊尚、文化相朴春男、体育相金日国、体育指导委员会委员长崔辉、中央银行总裁金天钧、中央统计局长崔胜虎、内阁事务长金英浩。
[Constitution] The Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was promulgated in 1972, and was revised in 1992, 1998, 2009, 2012, 2013, and 2016.
[Meetings] The Supreme People’s Assembly is the highest authority of the state. Members are elected and each term is five years. The permanent institution during the intersessional period is the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly. On behalf of the country, the chairman of the permanent committee exchanges congratulatory messages and congratulatory letters with foreign heads of state and accepts the credentials submitted by foreign envoys. In April 2014, 687 members of the 13th Supreme People’s Assembly were elected. Jin Yongnan, chairman of the current permanent committee, Yang Hengyu, Jin Yingda, vice chairman, and honorary vice chairman Jin Yingzhu and Cui Yonglin. The current speaker is Cui Taifu, deputy speaker An Dongchun and Li Huizheng.
[State Council] In 2016, the DPRK held the 4th meeting of the 13th session of the Supreme People’s Assembly. The meeting revised the constitution, newly established the State Council, replaced the former National Defense Commission, and was responsible to the Supreme People’s Assembly for a term of five years. The Council of State is the highest national defense agency in North Korea. The chairman of the State Council is the highest leader of the country. The current chairman Kim Jong-un, vice chairman Cui Longhai and Pu Fengzhu.
[Government] Cabinet, the highest administrative executive of the country, with a term of five years. The main members of the cabinet include: Premier Piao Fengzhu, Deputy Prime Minister Lu Douzhe, Ren Zhexiong, Jin Dexun, Li Friday, Li Longnan, Quan Guanghu, Li Maoying, Gao Renhao and Dong Zhenghao. Chairman of the National Planning Commission Lu Douzhe (concurrently), National Security Minister Zheng Jingze, People’s Armed Forces Xiangnu Guangtie, Chemical Industry Xiangji Long, Agricultural Phase Gao Renhao (and), Foreign Affairs Li Yonghao, Power Industry Xiangjin Wanshou, Coal Industry Civilization, Metal industry phase Jin Zhongjie, railway phase Zhang He, land shipping phase Jiang Zongkuan, mining industry phase Li Xuezhe, national resource development phase Li Chunsan, crude oil industry Xianghe crane, forestry phase Han Longguo, atomic energy industry phase Wang Changxu, electronics industry Xiangjin Zaicheng, postal phase Jin Guangzhe, Construction of building materials industry Xiang Puxun, national construction supervision, Xiangquan Chenghao, food and daily necessities industry Zhao Yongzhe, aquatic products Song Chunxi, financial phase Qiguanghao, chairman of the State Price Committee Cui Qiang, labor phase Zheng Yongzhen, foreign economic phase Jin Yingcai, National Science and Technology Commission Chairman Li Zhongji, President of the National Academy of Sciences Zhang Zhe, National Environmental Protection Department Jin Jingjun, City Management Xiang Jiang Yongzhen, Acquisition of Grain Administration Xiangwen Yingzu, Commercial Xiang Jinqing, Chairman of the Education Committee and General Education Jin Jindou, Jin Richeng President of the University and the Board of Education Education too Hengche phase, care-Zhang Jun Shang, Haruo Park culture, sports country with Kim, chairman of the Steering Committee of Sports Cui Hui, president of the Central Bank of Jintian Jun, director of the Central Statistical Cuisheng Hu, Kim Young-ho cabinet purser.
[Administrative Division] The country is divided into 1 municipality, 2 special cities and 9 roads, namely Pyongyang City, Nanpu City, Luoxian City, South Pyongan Road, North Pyongan Road, Cijiang Road, Liangjiang Road and South Hamgyong Road. North Hamgyong, Gangwon-do, South Yellow Sea, and North Yellow Sea.
[Judiciary] The judicial organs include the Central Magistracy, the Dao (municipality) referee, the People’s Court (basic court) and the special court. The Central Court is the highest judicial organ of the country, and the director is elected by the Supreme People’s Assembly for a term of five years. The current director, Kang Runshi, served in June 2016.
The procuratorates include the Central Procuratorate, the Dao (municipality), the city (district), the county procuratorate and the special procuratorate. The Central Procuratorate is the highest procuratorate of the country, and the director is appointed by the Supreme People’s Assembly for a term of five years. The current director Jin Mingji, served in April 2017.
【政 党】 朝主要政党有：
[Political Party] The main political parties are:
(1) Korean Workers’ Party: The ruling party. Formerly known as the North Korean Communist Party, it was established on October 10, 1945, and merged with the North Korean New Democratic Party on August 28, 1946 as the Workers’ Party of Korea. On June 29, 1949, it merged with the South Korean Workers’ Party. The anniversary of the founding of the Party was October 10, 1945, and there are more than 4 million party members. The party’s guiding ideology is “Jin Richeng Jinzheng Rigorism”, with the goal of realizing “the whole society’s ideologicalization and building a communist society”. Chairman Kim Jong-un. The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Workers’ Party of Korea has Kim Jong-un, Kim Yong-nam, Pu Feng-zhu, and Cui Long-hai. (2) The Korean Social Democratic Party: formerly known as the Democratic Party of Korea, was established on November 3, 1945, and consisted of small and medium-sized enterprises, merchants, craftsmen, farmers, and Christians who opposed Japanese colonial rule. In 1981, it was renamed the current name, with more than 30,000 members. Chairman Jin Yingda was elected in August 1998.
(3) Tiandao Qingyou Party: Founded on February 8, 1946, it is mainly composed of farmers who believe in Taoism.
In addition, North Korea also has social groups and organizations such as the motherland’s unified democratic front and the motherland’s peaceful reunification committee.
[Important figures] Kim Jong-un: North Korea’s top leader, Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea, Chairman of the State Council, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army. In September 2010, he was awarded the general of the Korean People’s Army. In the same month, he was elected as the vice chairman of the Party Central Military Committee. On December 30, 2011, he was elected as the Supreme Commander of the Korean People’s Army. On April 11, 2012, he was elected as the first secretary at the 4th Party Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea. On April 13th, he was elected as the first chairman of the National Defense Commission at the 5th meeting of the 12th North Korean Supreme People’s Assembly. On July 17, he was awarded the title of Marshal of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. On April 9, 2014, at the 13th meeting of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the DPRK, he was again elected as the first chairman of the National Defense Commission. In May 2016, he was elected as the chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea at the 7th National Congress of the Workers’ Party of Korea. On June 29, 2016, at the 4th meeting of the 13th session of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the DPRK, he was elected as the chairman of the Council of State. Kim Yong Nam: Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the DPRK. Born in 1928. In 1961, he served as deputy director of the International Department of the Party Central Committee. In September 1963, he served as the vice minister of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1972, he served as the Minister of the International Department of the Party Central Committee. In 1974, he was elected as an alternate member of the Political Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and was promoted to membership in 1978. In 1980, he was elected member of the Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee and Secretary of the Secretariat. In December 1983, he served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government Council. In 1998, 2003, 2009 and 2014, he was elected as the chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly. In September 2010, he was elected to the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee.
Cui Longhai: Vice Chairman of the North Korean State Council. Born in 1950. He served successively as the first secretary of the Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League, the deputy minister of the Party Central Committee, and the responsible secretary of the Party Committee of the North Yellow Sea. In 2010, he served as a member of the Party Central Military Committee. In 2012, he was elected as the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee. In April of the same year, he served as the vice chairman of the Party Central Military Committee and the General Political Bureau of the People’s Army. In April 2014, he served as vice chairman of the National Defense Commission, secretary of the Central Party Secretariat of the DPRK, and vice chairman of the Party Central Committee. In May 2016, he was re-elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and was elected as the vice chairman of the State Council in June.
Piao Fengzhu: Prime Minister of the Korean Cabinet. Born in 1939. He successively served as Secretary of the Party Committee of Nanxing Youth Joint Chemical Factory, Deputy Secretary of the Party Central Committee, Chemical Industry Department, Prime Minister of the Cabinet, First Deputy Minister and Minister of the Central Light Industry Department of the Party Central Committee. In March 2013, he became the Prime Minister of the Cabinet again. In May 2016, he was elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee and in June was elected as the vice chairman of the State Council.
【经 济】 实行计划经济。据2018年4月朝鲜官方公布数据，2017年国家预算收入计划超额完成1.7%，较2016年增长4.9%。地方预算收入计划超额完成0.5%。2017年国家预算支出计划执行99.8%。国家预算支出中，国防支出占15.8%，经济建设支出占47.7%，文化建设支出36.3%。2018年国家预算较2017年增加3.2%。
【资 源】 已探明矿产300多种，其中有用矿200多种。石墨、菱镁矿储量居世界前列。铁矿及铝、锌、铜、银等有色金属和煤炭、石灰石、云母、石棉等非金属矿物储量丰富。水力和森林资源较丰富。
【工 业】 重视发展冶金、电力、煤炭、铁路运输四大先行产业和采矿、机械、化工、轻工业，努力实现生产正常化、现代化。
【农 业】 集中力量发展粮食生产，继续推行种子改良和二熟制，扩大土豆、大豆种植。粮食生产以水稻和玉米为主。
[Economy] Implement a planned economy. According to official North Korean data released in April 2018, the 2017 national budget revenue plan exceeded 1.7%, an increase of 4.9% over 2016. The local budget revenue plan is over 0.5%. The 2017 National Budget Expenditure Plan implemented 99.8%. Among the national budget expenditures, defense expenditures accounted for 15.8%, economic construction expenditures accounted for 47.7%, and cultural construction expenditures accounted for 36.3%. The national budget for 2018 is 3.2% higher than 2017.
[Resources] More than 300 kinds of minerals have been discovered, including more than 200 useful minerals. The reserves of graphite and magnesite are among the highest in the world. Iron ore and non-ferrous metals such as aluminum, zinc, copper and silver and non-metallic minerals such as coal, limestone, mica and asbestos are abundant. Water and forest resources are abundant.
[Industrial] Pay attention to the development of the four leading industries of metallurgy, electric power, coal and railway transportation, mining, machinery, chemical industry and light industry, and strive to normalize and modernize production.
[Agriculture] Concentrate on the development of food production, continue to promote seed improvement and secondary cultivation, and expand potato and soybean cultivation. Grain production is dominated by rice and maize.
[Transportation] Mainly by rail transportation. The total length of the railway is more than 8,800 kilometers, and the total length of the electrified railway is more than 2,000 kilometers. In 1993, the electrified railway was basically electrified. The proportion of electric locomotive traction is over 90%.
The total length of the road is more than 77,500 kilometers. Pyongyang-Nampo, Pyongyang-Yuansan, Pyongyang-Kaicheng and Pyongyang-Miaoxiangshan Expressway have been completed.
The harbor has Qingjin, Nanpu, Yuanshan, Xingnan and Luojin.
Air transport: Pyongyang Shun’an Airport is an international airport. Regular international routes include Pyongyang-Beijing, Pyongyang-Shenyang, etc.
[Foreign Trade] The main trading partners are China, Russia, South Korea, etc.
[Foreign Capital] Since the 1980s, North Korea has begun to introduce foreign capital and establish joint venture joint ventures. In December 1991, North Korea established a free economic and trade zone in the Luoxian area near the border between China and North Korea and Russia. In 1992, North Korea issued a joint venture joint venture law. In November 2002, North Korea announced the establishment of the Kaesong Industrial Zone and the Mount Kumgang Tourist Area, which were jointly developed by the DPRK and the ROK. In 2008, the “Hassan-Rozin” railway and the Luojin Port reconstruction project were launched. The cooperation between North Korea and Egypt’s large cement plants is progressing smoothly, and the third-generation mobile communication business is launched in cooperation with Egypt’s Oriscomm Telecom. In June 2011, China and the DPRK held the groundbreaking ceremony for the “Two Economic Zones” project to jointly develop and jointly manage the Golden Ping, Weihua Island Economic Zone and Luoxian Economic and Trade Zone.
【军 事】 朝鲜将金日成创建第一支抗日游击队的1932年4月25日定为朝鲜人民革命军成立日，将金日成把朝鲜人民革命军发展成统一正规军的1948年2月8日定为朝鲜人民军建军日。朝鲜实行普遍义务兵役制。
【教 育】 实行12年义务教育制。有大专院校300多所，中专570多所。著名高等学府有金日成综合大学、金策工业综合大学、金亨稷师范大学和人民经济大学等。大学生和专科学校学生享受国家助学金。全国有知识分子170多万。
[Military] North Korea set Kim Il Sung’s first anti-Japanese guerrilla group on April 25, 1932, as the founding day of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army, and Kim Il Sung developed the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army into a unified regular army. February 8, 1948 Japan is scheduled to be the Army Day of the Korean People’s Army. North Korea has a universal compulsory military service system.
[Education] Implement a 12-year compulsory education system. There are more than 300 colleges and universities, and more than 570 secondary schools. The famous institutions of higher learning include Jin Richeng University, Jince Industrial University, Jinhengyu Normal University and People’s Economic University. College students and college students enjoy national bursaries. There are more than 1.7 million intellectuals in the country.
[Press and Publication] The main newspapers and periodicals include: “Labor News”, the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, with a circulation of 1.5 million copies; “Democratic Korea”, the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly and the Cabinet Office; “Industrious” magazine, monthly magazine, The publication of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, with a circulation of 300,000 copies. In addition, there are newspapers such as the Korean People’s Army, Youth Avantgarde, and Pyongyang News. The Korean Foreign Languages Publishing House publishes the magazine “Today’s North Korea” and the pictorial “Korean” in a variety of foreign languages. In addition, the English and French weekly newspaper Pyongyang Times was also published.
The Korean Central News Agency: referred to as the Korean Central News Agency, was established by the National News Agency on December 5, 1946. Issued the Japanese magazine “North Korea Central Communications” and so on.
North Korea Central Radio: For the National Radio Station, it was established on October 14, 1945. In addition to broadcasting in Korean, it is also broadcast in a variety of foreign languages.
North Korea’s CCTV and Kaesong TV began broadcasting in the 1960s; Wanshou TV was launched at the end of 1983.
[North Korea-South Korea Relations] After the Korean War, the Korean Peninsula has long been in political opposition, military confrontation, and economic isolation. From September 1990 to December 1991, the DPRK and the ROK held five prime ministerial talks, signed the “Agreement on North-South Reconciliation, Non-Aggression and Exchange and Cooperation”, and issued the “Joint Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” improve. Since then, due to the death of Kim Il Sung and the DPRK nuclear issue, the relationship between the DPRK and the ROK has become cold.
From 1998 to 2008, the two governments of South Korea’s Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun pursued the “sunshine policy” and the “peace and prosperity policy” respectively, and promoted North-South reconciliation cooperation. In June 2000 and October 2007, Kim Tae-chung and Roh Moo-hyun visited the DPRK respectively, held a summit meeting with Kim Jong Il, and issued the “South-North Joint Declaration” and the “Declaration on the Development and Peaceful Prosperity of North-South Relations.” During the period, the DPRK and China held several official talks and a series of non-governmental exchange activities and signed a number of cooperation agreements.
During the period from 2008 to 2016, when Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye were presidents of South Korea, there was an ups and downs in North-South relations. In February 2014, the two sides held high-level talks and met with separated relatives. In August and October 2015, the two sides held high-level consultations and meetings with separated relatives. In February 2016, the Korean side closed the Kaesong Industrial Park.
Positive progress has been made in North Korea relations in 2018. In January, the two sides restarted the Panmunjom hotline and the West Sea military hotline to hold high-level talks. In February, the DPRK sent Jin Yongnan and Jin Hezhen to attend the opening ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympics in South Korea, and sent the Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea and the Minister of United Front Work, Jin Yingzhe, to attend the closing ceremony. Zheng Yurong, head of the National Security Office of South Korea, and Xu Xun, President of the National Intelligence Service, visited the DPRK as the special envoy of President Wen Hao and met with Kim Jong-un, Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea. In April, Chairman Kim Jong-un, Tong Wen, held the first meeting of leaders at the Panmunjom in the President’s meeting in Panmunjom and published the Panmunjom Declaration. The two sides met again in May. In September, Wen was in a visit to the DPRK, and the two sides met for the third time and signed the “Pyongyang Joint Declaration in September.” In September, the Korea-DPRK Joint Liaison Office was formally established. In October, the two sides held the 10th North-South General Military Talks and Mountain Forest Cooperation Conference. In December, the Korean and Korean military sides conducted a mutual investigation of the pilot demolition of the post in the demilitarized zone. In the same month, the DPRK and Korea held a groundbreaking ceremony for the railway and highway docking project in Panmunjom. In January 2019, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un delivered a New Year message, indicating that he would further develop the willingness to relations between the DPRK and the ROK. The ROK side welcomed this.
[External Relations] North Korea pursues a foreign policy of “autonomous, peaceful, and friendly” and advocates the development of foreign relations in accordance with the principles of full equality, independence, mutual respect, non-interference in internal affairs and mutual benefit. North Korea became a full member of the “Seventy-seventh Group” in May 1975. It officially joined the Non-Aligned Movement in August of the same year, joined the United Nations in September 1991, and joined the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in July 2000. At present, North Korea has established diplomatic relations with more than 160 countries (including the European Union).
[Relationship with the United States] The DPRK and the United States have not yet established diplomatic relations.
In April 2018, the US Secretary of State’s nominee and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Pompeo, visited the DPRK as President Trump, and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un met.
In May 2018, US Secretary of State Pompeo visited the DPRK again and met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.
In May 2018, Vice Chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea and Minister of the United Front, Kim Young-soo visited the United States, met with US President Trump, conveyed a personal letter from North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, and held high-level talks with Secretary of State Pompeo.
In June 2018, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and US President Trump met in Singapore and signed a joint statement.
In July 2018, US Secretary of State Pompeo visited the DPRK and met with Kim Jung-chung, vice chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea.
In July 2018, North Korea handed over 55 US military wills to the US.
In October 2018, US Secretary of State Pompeo visited the DPRK and met with Kim Jong-un, the top leader of the DPRK, and held talks with Kim Woo-chung, vice chairman of the Workers’ Party of Korea.
[Relationship with Russia] The overall development of DPRK-Russia relations is good.
In December 2010, North Korean Foreign Minister Park Yi-chun visited Russia, and the Chairman of the Federal Council of the Russian Federation, Mironov, met with him.
From August 20 to 25, 2011, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il was invited to visit Siberia and the Far East of Russia to hold talks with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.
In April 2011, Russian Deputy Prime Minister and President of the Far Eastern Federal District, Special Plenipotentiary Trutnev visited the DPRK, and Prime Minister Piao Fengzhu and Vice Premier Lu Douzhe met with him respectively.
In October 2011, North Korean Foreign Minister Li Wei visited Russia, and Russian Deputy Prime Minister and President of the Far East Federal District special plenipotentiary Trutnev met with him.
In November 2011, Cui Longhai, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Workers’ Party of the Korean Workers’ Party, and Central Secretary Cui Longhai visited Russia as General Envoy Kim Jong-un. President Putin met with Foreign Minister Lavrov.
In May 2015, Chairman Jin Yongnan attended the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Russian Patriotic War.
In April 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao visited Russia and held talks with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov.
In May 2018, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov visited the DPRK and met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.
In June 2018, Chairman Kim Yong Nam visited Russia to attend the opening ceremony of the 2018 World Cup.
In July 2018, Li Wei, vice chairman and international minister of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, visited Russia.
In August 2018, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un exchanged congratulatory messages with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the 73rd anniversary of the revitalization of the DPRK.
[Relationship with Japan] The Asahi has not yet established diplomatic relations.
In September 2009, Ishikawa Satoshi, president of the Kyodo News Agency, was invited to visit the DPRK. Kim Yong Nam, chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly of the DPRK, met with him.
In August 2012, North Korea and Japan resumed inter-governmental consultations in Beijing.
In May 2013, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made a visit to the DPRK and Chairman Kim Yong Nam met with him.
In August 2013, Chairman Kim Yong Nam met with Senator Hosuke of Japan.
In September 2013, Chairman Kim Yong Nam met with the Japanese Kyodo delegation.
In September 2015, the Japanese Kyodo delegation visited the DPRK.
[Relationship with other countries and international organizations]
In August 2017, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao attended the Foreign Ministers’ Meeting of the Philippine ASEAN Regional Forum.
In September 2017, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao attended the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly.
In November 2017, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao visited Cuba.
In December 2017, UN Under-Secretary-General Jeffrey Feltman visited the DPRK.
In March 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao visited Sweden.
In April 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao visited Azerbaijan to attend the meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).
In July 2018, Li Wei, vice chairman and international minister of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea, visited Cuba.
In August 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao attended the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Singapore.
In September 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao attended the 73rd UN General Assembly at the United Nations Headquarters in New York and attended the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Non-Aligned Movement.
In October 2018, North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Shen Hongzhe visited Russia.
In November 2018, the president of the Korean Olympic Committee and the sports minister Kim Il Japan went to Japan to attend the National and Regional Olympic Committee (ANOC) plenary meeting to be held in Tokyo.
In November 2018, Chairman Kim Yong Nam visited Cuba and Venezuela and went to Mexico to attend the inauguration ceremony of the Mexican President.
In December 2018, Foreign Minister Li Yonghao visited Vietnam, Syria and Mongolia.