May 21, 2019
What exactly is International Criminal Court and how does it relate to the United Nations?
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an independent judicial body with jurisdiction over persons charged with genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
International Criminal Court website
Located in The Hague, The Netherlands
Governed by the Rome Statute (A/CONF.183/9)
adopted by the UN Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court on 17 July 1998
entered into force on 1 July 2002
current status available in UN Treaty Collection
The ICC is not part of the UN:
The Court was established by the Rome Statute. This treaty was negotiated within the UN; however, it created an independent judicial body distinct from the UN.
The Rome Statute was the outcome of a long process of consideration of the question of international criminal law within the UN.
See the ILC’s Analytical Guide, International Criminal Law section, for a introduction to some of the UN’s work on this topic.
The UN Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court adopted the Statute.
Relationship with the UN:
Article 2 of the Statute provides for the ICC’s relationship with the UN.
The UN-ICC Relationship Agreement governs the cooperation between the two organizations
General Assembly resolution 58/318 approved the Relationship Agreement between the UN and the ICC, found in document A/58/874 + Add.1.
The ICC reports to the General Assembly annually
The UN Security Council can refer certain situations to the Prosecutor of the ICC, in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Rome Statute and Chapter VII of the UN Charter